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Günsel (Ajuga) is a globally distributed herb family that prefers partially shaded to shady, moderately moist and nutritious locations. Almost all of the up to 30 centimeters tall labiates bloom blue to purple, some also yellow, red or pink. Most species live at one or two years old, only a few are perennials. The best known of these is the ink blue flowering creeping Günsel (Ajuga reptans).
Nursing measures for Günsel at a glance:
- Habitat: partially shady, moderately moist, moderately nutritious, like in sand-humus
- Neighbors: grasses, woody plants, robust herbs
- Watering: only in very dry summers
- Fertilizing: not necessary at suitable location, otherwise little stinging nettle
- Cut: to control the proliferation of runners and / or inflorescences before flowering
The native species require little care, are strong and hardly susceptible to disease. Probably the most common species in German gardens are the creeping Günsel and its red-flowered variety Atropurpurea. While the creeping Günsel wild appears in partially shady and shady places in meadows and at woody edges, Atropurpurea is a targeted breeding. However, she is characterized by just as much propagation pleasure as her botanical relative, which is why she likes to cover the lawns with flowers.
All Günsel seem charming in meadow societies or near-natural lawns as well as marginal planting in front of woody plants. As a groundcover Günsel is only suitable for barely entered areas. As a bedding plant in front of other species, it is rather unsuitable because it spreads rapidly, successfully dispensing with the stubbornness of less stubborn plants. Whichever Günsel is concerned, he needs either a generously sized area, similarly robust neighbors or annual removal of the foothills.
When choosing the location, make sure that the plants are not exposed to the midday sun. Ideally suitable are moderately moist, partially shaded areas such as the alternate shade from hedges, also in company with grasses. In the meadow Günsel can grow together with the low, purple-flowering Gundermann. Together, they are effective ground cover, with Gundermann in the sunnier regions overlaps, while Günsel keeps in the shade. Gundermann, woody plants and grasses have easily coped with the strong competition from Günsel.
In very dry summers, it is recommended to water the upholstery every evening. At suitable locations, the already present downpours are usually sufficient. Günsel does not need fertilizer either. If you want to do something good for your plants, just pour the stinging nettle in April. If you value seedling, repeat this fertilization again in July. Otherwise all Günsel want to be left alone - they thrive on their own.
How you control the propagation of Günsel
Günsel multiplies in two ways: by sowing and by foothills.
The seeds are being carried off by birds and insects, whereby the Günsel settles in new locations. This mode of propagation is not very effective unless larger quantities of seeds are carried underground through voles. If the rodents haunt your garden, mow or cut your Günselhorste best just before the flowering, to prevent the seedling.
On the other hand, foothills reach from the center to the periphery of the eyrie, forming an approximately circular cushion over the years. Where the nodes of the foothills hit the ground, they root and form new specimens, which in turn form foothills in the following year. This effective type of propagation is the reason why Günsel has a reputation as a stubborn weed. In order to get beautiful upholstery, which does not spread excessively, you mow the grass or the meadow around the eyrie with low cutting height. If you do this section several times during the summer, you are sort of removing unwanted spurs while shaping the padding. If you have planted your Günsel in a bed, cut off foolish foothills with a sharp pair of scissors.
- Species / Family: Native wild and meadow shrub. Belongs to the family Lamiaceae (Lamiaceae)
- Care: Low. Grows and displaces weeds
- Flowering period: April to June with upright bracts densely covered with bright blue, purple, white or pink small flowers
- Foliage: evergreen. Spatula-shaped leaves are brownish-red with a metallic luster and arranged like a rosette
- Growth: Strongly growing ground cover, which spreads through foothills carpet-like. Grows heavily
- Height: 10 to 20cm
- Environment: partial shade cool.Always sunny and sunny. Gladly between the trees and / or at the edge of the pond. Nutrient and humus rich moist soil
- Planting time: As long as the soil is not frozen
- Cut: Not necessary. If necessary pruning in spring
- Partner: Small-flowered daffodils
- Propagation: Extensively proliferates by sinkers, proliferates. Lowerers can be removed and replanted
- Care: Water in case of dryness. If fallen leaves are not left lying (is processed by soil organisms to humus) in the spring humus or long-term fertilizer
- Wintering: Winter hardy
- Diseases: Robust, not susceptible
- Very good weed stopper
- Is not only native here but also in Asia Minor and North Africa
- Protects small animals in winter
- Popular bee pasture
- 'Atropurpurea: best known variety. Height 10-15cm. Boasting red to reddish-brown leaves and purple-blue flowers
- 'Burgundy Glow: striking purplish pink leaves with white markings
- 'Naumburg: White flowers
- 'Rainbow: Interesting creamy white leaves
- Giant Gull: Green foliage with contrasting white flowers
- 'Blizzard: White flowers