The Content Of The Article:
- The basic principles of bonsai propagation
- Which cuttings are suitable for bonsai breeding?
- Instructions for multiplying:
To grow a bonsai from cuttings is relatively easy and, unlike sowing, less time consuming. So that nothing goes wrong, there are some things to keep in mind.Anyone who already owns a bonsai and has a good knack for the care, will surely come to the point someday "There must be a second one". But you do not necessarily have to buy a new one. You can also simply multiply your bonsai. This even has the advantage that you already know the corresponding needs and characteristics in advance.
Bonsai can be propagated with cuttings or by sowing seeds. The cutting method works well until the cuttings become bonsai, but it takes time. You need a lot of patience for the new seed breeding. You save at least one to two years waiting time with the cuttings rearing. In order to develop a beautiful bonsai, however, the right care is always necessary. Location, planters, proper irrigation and cropping play an important role.
The basic principles of bonsai propagation
The trade often offers special bonsai seeds. This is a mistake that you should not fall for, because the Bonsai seeds do not exist! The term "bonsai" merely refers to a small tree that is planted in a shell. Regular cuts keep the tree small. For example, you can get an apple tree from an apple tree or a miniature apple tree.
Cuttings develop with the right care and the necessary cuts within a year to handsome bonsai. If the initial cuttings come from a fruit-bearing tree, after a few years even tiny fruits form on the branches.
Which cuttings are suitable for bonsai breeding?
You can take cuttings from any trees you like. It does not have to be bonsai. Short and lightly branched branches are ideal for the cutting, ideally with only a few leaves, so that not excess moisture is evaporated over the leaves.
Instructions for multiplying:
1 Scrape the bark of the cuttings and place it in a small plant pot with an airy substrate. The soil should not have too many nutrients so that the cuttings quickly roots.
2 Ideal is a small greenhouse or a transparent plastic cover over the pot. Also pay attention to ground heat and plenty of daylight, but no direct sunlight. The cuttlebone needs water - please not too much so that it does not drown, keep the substrate only slightly damp.
3 After about six to eight weeks, in some species even after a few months, many thin and bright roots have formed. They recognize the rooting that the inserted blade drives out leaf tips.
4 Now place the rooted cuttings in a pond basket. The substrate is loose and airy again. The pond basket offers an open design and has the advantage that the roots strive for light and grow vigorously. The goal is a strong and strong root ball. With the open pond basket you can see the progress. In this phase, the trunk is also thicker.
5 Let the young tree grow in peace. Bonsai cultivation is a meditative process in which you observe growth and only regulate intermittently.
6 Every two years, plant the tree and pruning the roots. Is shortened by about a third, the tap root remove completely. So the bonsai will have a good hold later in the planter. When the young bonsai has reached the desired size and stem thickness, you can place it in a bowl and keep it small with targeted shape cuts.