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Only then does his transformation begin. The typical bonsai shape can be additionally supported by wire. For the successful rearing and care of a Bonsai one therefore needs special tools.
Breeding from seedsDepending on which plant is to be grown as bonsai, you can bring the seeds yourself from an autumn walk (native trees) or buy them from a seed merchant. Some plants, e.g. Conifers need a stratification to germinate the seeds. This refers to the cool storage at about 1 - 4° C during the winter. This can either be done by storing the seeds in the refrigerator or you sow them already in the fall and puts the planter outside to a bright, frost-protected place.
Before sowing in spring, the seeds should be placed in a bowl of water overnight. This shortens the germination time. Then they are sown in a dish of potting soil and covered with soil. The earth should always be kept moist. After about half a year, the seedlings can then be separated into small pots. During the summer you can fertilize them carefully. Better too little than too much. When they are two to three years old, they are first transplanted into a bonsai peel and circumcised (see repotting).
LocationAll bonsai like bright places without direct midday sun. Species with thin leaves should have a partially shaded, species with hard leaves a sunny spot. In the summer you can bonsais also good outside.
winteringEven in winter the bonsai needs a lot of light. You may have to install a plant lamp. The right temperature depends on which plant it is with the bonsai. Subtropical plants need temperatures between 5° C and 12° C, tropical between 20° C during the day and 15° C at night. The humidity should not fall below 50%.
Pouring and fertilizingThe bonsai should not be poured with fresh tap water. Better is water that has stagnated for 24 hours or rainwater. Casting is when the surface of the earth is slightly dry. The bonsai is fertilized with a special bonsai liquid fertilizer every two weeks from spring to autumn. The bonsai should not be fertilized directly after repotting and during flowering. On hot, dry days you can spray the bonsai with water. But this should not happen in the blazing sun. The leaves can otherwise burn.
repottingRepacked every two to three years. After carefully removing the bonsai from the jar, one third of the roots are gently combed out with a wooden stick, from the stem to the outside, from the surface to the bottom. Roots that are dry or mushy are cut off with scissors. The scissors must be sharp and clean so that the roots are not squeezed or contaminated. That would promote root infections. One third of the remaining roots is cut away.
The remaining root ball should be straight down. The bowl is now thoroughly cleaned. Then a ca. 1 cm thick drainage layer of gravel or clay beads is poured in. Here comes some bonsai substrate. Now put the bonsai in the bowl, evenly distributing the roots. Now another substrate is filled in and made with a wooden stick that is sufficient soil between the roots. Finally, the soil is pressed and left a small pouring edge.