Mix bonsai yourself - instructions

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A beautiful bonsai that is regularly repotted and cut is the pride of every bonsai lover. It takes a little practice and tact as well as experience, so that a bonsai can shine in its full splendor. Particular attention must be paid to the earth. Because the small plants are very demanding in terms of the earth and its composition.
No conventional potting soil
Because there is no bonsai, which grows and grows in conventional potting soil. Rather, the small trees or plants with the Mediterranean flair require very special soil, which brings in their composition exactly the nutrients and the habitat that is so important for the bonsai.
Tip: Did you know that in our latitudes native plants and trees are bred as bonsai? The important thing is that they can quickly lignify and form small leaves or needles.
A good bonsai soil consists of several components that have to be collected in preparation. In addition to the different earth substances, some aids are needed. For this counting distilled water and a PH test stick.
The bonsai soil also requires clay, peat, sand and carbonate of lime. All products can be bought individually. In order to prevent mold, it is advisable to buy only the quantities needed for the production of the earth. In addition, care should be taken that everything is fresh and has not been buming in plastic bags for many months. The specialized trade is therefore certainly the best point of contact for the purchase of individual products.
Tip: Please only mix the soil that is currently needed. Any soil that needs to be stored is an ideal breeding ground for mold, which in the worst case can cause bonsai.
Make earth
Before the mixing of the earth, it has to be considered, where the bonsai should stand and what kind it is. Because a room bonsai and a deciduous bonsai require a different composition of the earth, such as a bonsai, which can grow in nature or carry needles.
If it is a foliage variety that needs to grow in the room, then more peat needs to be used than with a needle bonsai that grows outdoors. It wants more sand in the soil to absorb water and nutrients better.
Mixing ratio foliage bonsai as room variant:

  • 4 parts peat
  • 4 parts loam
  • 2 parts sand
Mixing ratio for needle bonsai as garden variant:
  • 4 parts sand
  • 4 parts loam
  • 2 parts peat
Tip: The sand must not be a traditional game sand or something similar. It must be from specialist retailers and advertised as so-called "sharp" sand. If this is not available, fine chippings or possibly lava granules can be used. It is important that the sand loosens up the soil sufficiently and thus can create good conditions for the bonsai.
The PH value
As with any good earth, so does the PH value in bonsai soil a very important role. This can be checked using the aforementioned PH test strip. If the value is between 6.0 and 6.5, it is ideal. If this is not the case, if the value is too low, then some carbonate of lime may be added. If it is too high, it must be mitigated with peat. Sometimes it takes a bit of patience until the right composition has been found. It may therefore be that several test strips must be used.
Tip: To check the PH value, mix one part of the soil with two parts of the distilled water. The test strip is held in the resulting slurry. The pH value can then be read using the color scale.
Other mixtures
Since the bonsai and his attitude is a big topic, there are many hobby gardeners and also breeders who have developed their own mixtures and of course consider them the best mixture. Please note: Every bonsai is different. And every gardener or breeder has different requirements.
Which of course does not mean that one or the other tip should not be tried and implemented. It is always important to work with fresh ingredients and to pay attention to the location of the bonsai.
A good mix would be:
  • 3 parts of chippings
  • 2 parts Akadama
  • 1 part potting soil
Another good mix would be:
  • 1 part coconut fibers
  • 1 part aquarium gravel
  • 1 part potting soil
  • 1 part of Seramis
or but:
  • 1 part Kokoshum
  • 1 part potting soil
  • 1 part sand

In general, trying is about studying. If the PH value is right, much has already been achieved. And maybe there is a dear friend or garden neighbor who has more tips for the right soil, the right location and the ideal bonsai. For what grows successfully in the garden with the neighbor should also be able to grow well and grow a few meters further.
Tip: All components should always be screened to remove contaminants. If waterlogging occurs, it is always worth working with extra drainage to prevent this.
frequently asked Questions
Which types of woody plants are best suited as bonsai?
In Japan - the motherland of bonsai - mainly pines, maples or the juniper and elm trees are bred as bonsai. In our latitudes, usually native woody plants are used. They cope best with our climate and can thrive accordingly well.
Can the earth be bought as well?
Generally, every earth can be bought. The fact is, nobody knows how long this earth has been. The chance that mold or other pests are included is therefore very high. Mixing the earth itself not only fits the composition, but also gives you a fresh soil that provides the best conditions for bonsai.
How much patience must be brought?
It's an art to keep a really big tree as small as a bonsai. That this does not always work immediately, everyone should be aware. But with a little practice and patience everything can succeed. Only courage - then it will work.

Video Board: How to make HIBISCUS BONSAI at home, Bonsai Soil Mixing, care and all about Hibiscus Bonsai Tree.

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