The Content Of The Article:
- Profile Bougainvillea care:
- The tropical Bougainvillea needs special locations
- Care - step by step
- To cut
- The most beautiful varieties
- Bougainvillea overwinter
The Bougainvillea glabra is probably uncrowned world record holder: Faster grows probably no plant for living flower decoration. One flower next to the other, in every shade of red from pale pink to dark purple, every shape from the small flower-studded shrub to the wreathed "miracle of flowers on the facade". The most important basis of this top performance is a warm sheltered location in the open air, where the tropical plant can capture every ray of sunshine in the German summer. Naturally, the diligent plant also has some of the requirements, and below you will find out which care the Bougainvillea glabra will satisfy:
Profile Bougainvillea care:
- Bougainvillea come from a tropical climate and above all they need a lot of light
- That should fall on the plant in the summer in an outdoor location
- If you can not provide this location, you do not need to buy bougainvillea
- It will hardly bloom then, under the green climbing plants there are easier ones
- At the right location, you could experience the ultimate bloom
- The care must be correct then, but that is to create (even for beginners)
- Claim No. 2 of the fast-growing flower wonder: Right at the beginning of a sufficiently large bucket
- The rest of the care is basically simple, you just need a little attention and care:
- Always enough water, but never wet feet, enough nutrients for the lush growth, already the basic needs are fulfilled...
The tropical Bougainvillea needs special locationsThe Bougainvillea glabra has developed in South America, the core area coastal states of Brazil. Under a tropical sun, which burns more intense all year round than ours in summer. The Bougainvillea is also warmer all year round than ours: "Tropical" means that the temperatures do not fall below 20 ℃ at night. This is how it is in the Brazilian home of the Bougainvillea glabra, the daytime temperatures are somewhere between 25 and 30 ℃, year-round temperature differences are barely noticeable.
The Bougainvillea glabra is not so good at ours. First, the view of their home of course shows that a Bougainvillea glabra can be kept with us only as a potted plant, because they must spend the winter protected in guaranteed frost-free indoor spaces.
But then the view of the Brazilian home of the Bougainvillea glabra also shows that it can not be cultivated in our room as a potted plant, but really only as a container plant. The potted plant culture in the classical sense of word differs from the culture of a "normal houseplant" (which can grow in a pot of a size, which may be called bucket) in an important characteristic of the bougainvillea culture : The bucket is intended as a large (usually equipped with roles) planter to stand in the summer outdoors.
This outdoor summer stay - where it should be in the full sun for as long as possible (depending on the season and the season) - needs a bougainvillea in the local climate, if it is to train the plant parts for which you are acquiring it: charming flowers in imposing size of up to 7 cm ∅ and especially in an almost incredible abundance, in the Bougainvillea glabra also contribute the extravagant flower shape with three neat triangles and a colorful fireworks of color to the stunning overall effect of the "floral design". And you can enjoy this floral design for an extraordinarily long time, because all the splendor in fact does not come from the flowers (which are tiny and white), but consists of colored bracts. These bracts, in contrast to delicate petals have a really strong structure and last for weeks.
The outside location should still be nice and warm. The most beautiful sun is of no use if a cold wind is whistling around the corner constantly and the plant spoils the mood (and growth), the place protected during the day should not turn into an open hole in all weather and other influences "transform because z. B. a huge awning is pulled.
tip - lack of space? Pull the Bougainvillea glabra in climbing / hanging growth form, for which there is still a warm, sunny place everywhere. All you have to do is attach enough hooks to decorate the flower tendrils over the balcony, the terrace or the facade...
Care - step by stepOnce the open-air site has been established, the Bougainvillea glabra can be purchased and planted in its tub. Already at this bucket the Bougainvillea glabra has some claims:
- Enough space from the beginning, the roots grow just as fast as the rest of the plant
- Definitely a drain below
- Above, a drainage layer of gravel or clay, which "absorbs" too much moisture
- The coaster must be regularly checked for stagnant residual water
- The drain hole in the bucket should also be checked regularly and, if necessary, cut free
- If the roots are in the water, the flowers would not look splendid any more
- Use a good, rather nutrient-rich substrate
- Depending on the surrounding situation, commercially available quality potting soil or mix of garden soil + compost
- Do not repot during the season, even if the bucket gets tight
- Repotting the sensitive roots could end the flowering season
- This narrowness is intended to animate the Bougainvillea only to more (stress) flowers
- The triplet flower wants to be poured evenly and quite abundantly
- It does not like dryness, no wonder the mighty plant matter needs to be taken care of
- Perfect is the rhythm when you pour the root ball with residual moisture
- Always add water when the top soil layer in the bucket feels dry
- Nutrients must be provided in the bucket more by you than by zealous soil organisms
- A lot of nutrients when a bougainvillea has decided to grow vigorously (which is the norm)
- According to experience, a Bougainvillea glabra needs fertilizer in normal concentration every month from the spring sprouting
- If flowers show, there are additional flower fertilizers (flowering fertilizer, flowering fertilizer)
- Also each month, but offset by two weeks, and over the entire "flowering" of the so beautifully discolored bracts
- The fact that the actual flowers have long since faded, does not matter, the flower fertilizer contributes the nutrients to the formation of strong colors
To cutThe Bougainvillea glabra is also the right plant for "design with vivid flowers" in that the young plants can be raised in several forms:
- Climbing plant, very narrow and long or wide sprawling, but shorter
- High lush flowering shrub with several stems
- High stem with bullet
- Self-bred or newly purchased Bougainvillea glabra turn into narrow, long climbing plants by themselves
- They are more broad if you force them to be branched by trimming
- The fast-growing plants react so fast that you can set the branches almost to the point
- A young Bougainvillea grows into a flowering shrub if the branching is stimulated by regular trimming
- Some branches form the framework and may grow unhindered
- So similar to the high strain, just one root has to be selected... (and you have to be a specialist for that, the tutorial on raising a high stem would blow up the article)
- Larger Bougainvillea glabra can be purchased in shrub form or as a high stem
- They already have the basic section education behind them and only have to be circumcised if necessary
- The shrub usually gets some contour in the spring
- Not necessarily every spring, but would be recommended to get a dense, well-branched growth habit
- For high trunks with spherical crowns you need to run more often if you want to get clear contours
- These should be cut at least once a month
- Not only does it form the perfect ball, it also ensures that it branches out more and more finely outwards
- When a bougainvillea has almost reached the desired maximum height, the spring cut should be stronger
- Or. well in advance, the increase of one year should be cut at the beginning of the next season at most half
So you need to create branching immediately (= more short branches with more flowers at the ends) if you do not want to pull a long garland with single flowers. The branching is quite easy to plan for the Bougainvillea glabra: where you cut a new shoot (with light green bark), the Bougainvillea will start a new branch, which then has a flowering bloom after about 4 weeks. Maximum branching + maximum amount of flowers results in the following cutting rhythm at 4-week intervals: wait for flowering, cut, wait for branch flowering, cut, wait for flowers of new branches, cut, etc.
Because each of these cuts is stressful for the bougainvillea, you can treat it with "a sip of fertilizer" after each cut to strengthen it.
The most beautiful varietieswith partly really sensational flower colors:
- 'Choisy' has been blooming since 1861 with dark purple bracts, with good care the whole summer without break
- 'Dania' is blooming and blood red
- 'Greetings from Badenweiler' shows flowers in soft pink
- 'Isabel Greensmith' flowers rose red
- 'James Walker' develops a strong scarlet red
- 'Magnifica' shows big purple flowers
- Mini-Thai grows small, compact, upright and blooms purple
- 'Mrs. Butt 'flowers scarlet with a touch of purple
- 'Sanderiana' has been showing many large pale lilac flowers since 1894 and grows weaker than the species
- 'Sanderiana Alexandra' is the name of the variant bred in 1950 with intense violet-colored flowers
- 'Sanderiana Elisabeth' flowers a little brighter than Alexandra
- 'Sanderiana Variegata' strongly crowns pink flowers with variegated foliage
- 'Snow flake' is snow-white
- 'Variegata' decided in 1889 to draw yellow stripes around yellow-green leaves, blooming red-lilac
- 'Vera Deep Purple' shows flowers in a pretty incredible pink
Bougainvillea glabra produces lush flower decoration in all purple and red tones, from delicate pink to deep red and purple. However, the genus Bougainvillea includes 18 species, two of which are cultivated as ornamental plants. These Bougainvillea spectabilis and Bougainvillea peruviana are also available in several varieties that shine with magnificent flower colors, hybrid breeding involving all three species add more colors and filled flowers - if you use the entire range of Bougainvillea, you can use the entire Include the color circle yellow-orange in your color scheme, from almost cream-colored light yellow to dark orange-red with clear copper accents.
Bougainvillea overwinterBougainvilleas are usually grown one-year old, because the overwhelming results of summer cropping can be achieved with such little effort that the expense of hibernating a tropical plant is out of proportion.
Hibernation is also said to be difficult for many of the varieties sold in the mass trade, and many of the varieties are said to be so short-lived that they spread only modest joy in the following season - the winter can be for the average Bougainvillea, the Cultivating people who have not dealt with the wintering of cold-spring plants, are simply not recommended in good conscience.
If you have fallen in love with the budding flower miracle (which would not surprise any Bougainvillea fan), you can hibernate your specimen frost free under the rules of cold plant plants and hope that you can repeat it a few more times. Above all, you should then contact bougainvillea specialists to obtain a guaranteed long-lived bougainvillea. Especially with the Bougainvillea glabra the wintering should definitely pay off, because with the years it gets more beautiful.