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In general, it is rather cut and pulled rather as a shrub and therefore remain much smaller. Buchs is a very long-term plant, as it can have a lifespan of up to 500 years. Therefore, he offers quite as a Umrandungshecke, if you have the patience to pull him up. The wood of the boxwood was already valued for turning in ancient Rome. That has not changed until today.
By the way, the boxwood is very poisonous. He has a total of over 70 different alkaloids. Thus, one should always be careful when small children have free access to this plant. Although it was often used as a remedy in antiquity, it is now considered to be significantly outdated, as its dosage is very difficult. Signs of poisoning can be vomiting and cramping. An overdose can even lead to death.
Appearance and propagationTypical of the boxwood are the small, oval to oblong-oval leaves of dark green color. The underside of the leaves is much lighter. From March to May you can admire the flowers. These are small and yellowish in color. The fragrant flowers produce a lot of pollen and are a popular gathering place for bees and flies that are good for their nectar. In September, the three-lobed fruit capsules open, scattering two seeds each. These are because of their scent because of ants taken. In this way, the boxwood multiplies.
However, distribution via seeds is not very suitable for growing, as this is a very lengthy method. Cuttings, on the other hand, ensure faster reproduction. All it takes is to take a branch that is at least ten centimeters long, to defoliate it at the lower third and to stick it in the ground. The best time is between September and March. Cuttings that are taken before, take root before the winter and therefore will not survive.
distributionNormally, the boxwood is planted as ornamental or as timber. Rarer one finds it also in verwilderter form. The original range extends from the Mediterranean through France to southern England, but also in northern Iran are species of the boxwood to find. Because of breeding and mutations, today about 60 different boxwood species are distinguished.
Care and locationThe book is actually a durable and easy to maintain wood. However, that does not mean that he could not take a little care. Especially important is the choice of the right location. The book's partial shade is best liked. Although he usually adapts to other living conditions, but in half shadow he grows best and mostly without problems.
If the book is in blazing sun all the time, frost damage occurs much more frequently in winter, as it evaporates moisture over its leaves as an evergreen plant. However, this can not be compensated in the winter by the frozen soil, since the roots can not absorb water here.
Fertilizer needs the book actually not much. He likes it when he regularly gets a little compost. He has no special fertilizer claims.
Browning of the leavesIf the boxwood is in blazing sunshine, it is not uncommon for its leaves to turn brownish or bronze-colored towards winter. Incidentally, this is also the case with ivy or various softwoods.
The evergreen plants protect themselves from the cold temperatures by this color change, since this dye offers higher frost protection.
Brown leaves and leaf tips, however, can also be a sign of insufficient water intake. Especially if the book is in a too bright location or has grown very dense, it can not absorb enough water through the rain. This comes through the dense foliage then not down to the ground. Thus, it is necessary to pour the book very regularly - even when it rains a lot.
In addition, a treatment with a special fertilizer in this case would not be a bad idea. These are available in garden centers. It is used in spring and late summer.