Broccoli cultivation - sowing, care and plants


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Broccoli cultivation - sowing, care and plants: cultivation

Broccoli not only tastes good, it is also healthy. Anyone who has the opportunity to plant such in their own garden or on the balcony should consider it. For fresh broccoli also called sprouts, is fresh a treat. As with any plant, some should be observed during cultivation. As a result, tips on care, breeding, harvest, etc. are presented so that every gardener beginner can fulfill their own dream of broccoli.

The ideal location

At the beginning, the optimal soil should be determined. Broccoli grows best on loamy soil and it also needs a lot of sun. In general, you could plant the cauliflower even in the cool area on poor soil. The former prefers the vegetables rather. The chances that this will make a delicious plant is generally greater in a sunny spot. It is important that the broccoli is planted in a sheltered place. This can be secured with wooden sticks, so that the plant does not kink and is damaged.

The ideal time to sow

Here, a distinction is made, whether it is early varieties or late varieties. The early ones are planted in advance in a flower pot, preferably on the windowsill in March. From May, as soon as the seedlings are big enough, they will be moved to the field. If it concerns the late plants, these can be put directly into the soil in April. This requires a little care in advance. The seedbed is leveled at best and equipped with compost. Then loosen up properly with a calculation and start sowing. The individual plants need about 15 cm distance to each other in order to thrive optimally.

Let broccoli hibernate properly

The vegetables usually like it warm, yet it can easily overwinter outside. It is important that the plants are protected by a wooden frame. In fairly cold weather, more wooden slats should cover the whole thing. Put on this, a fleece or a tarpaulin. Done is the magic. In spring, the effort is low. Remove the tarp and just leave the broccoli. Anyone who wants to implement them, packs the plant at the root and put it in a bed prepared with compost.

The care of broccoli

In the beginning, the plants should be watered only with a soft shower. The plants are about 5 cm tall at the beginning. Between the months of May and June they are 10 cm high and get about five leaves. Once that's the case, the plants get a different location. Beware, as broccoli gets even bigger, each one needs a distance of about 60 cm. Winter varieties can also be sowed in early summer. Here, the individual plants are transplanted only in late summer / autumn. It should be noted if the broccoli plants are sitting well in the soil. To find out, it is sufficient to pull gently on the upper leaves. Then pour daily and free from weeds.

Pouring - the regularity counts

Broccoli usually needs a lot of water and care. From the young plants to the harvest. If you stick to the following tips, you can look forward to delicious vegetables soon.
  • Water regularly
  • The moisture can be increased by a mulch layer
  • Do not pour directly over the leaves
  • The floor should be evenly wet, avoid waterlogging.

The broccoli harvest: Now there is delicious

Hard to believe, but true. Gardeners can expect about one kilo of broccoli per plant. So much vegetables is not only a great sense of achievement, at the same time it is healthy and nutritious. Important: The buds should be closed when harvesting, but ripe. The harvest season is usually in late summer to fall into it. Ultimately, it depends on how the climate develops. Due to global warming, a lot will change in this regard. That's why gardeners should watch their plants as they develop. First, make sure that the main shoot is about 15 cm long. If that is the case, it will be cut off. If the cut is placed directly on the armpit, further rungs on the side drive out.

Fight pests and diseases

Broccoli is healthy, but unfortunately it is susceptible to some diseases. One of these is the mucus tick disease. To prevent this, the soil should be loosened. Lime in the soil can also prevent this. Anyone who wants to protect themselves against the so-called cabbage fly, uses a plastic or cardboard collar, which is wrapped directly around the neck of the plant. Infested broccoli must be removed in any case because it infects the surrounding plants. To avoid this generally, the plants should be planted at longer intervals.

Perennial broccoli makes the job easier

Broccoli should never be missing. Since he never goes out of style and still tastes good after years, gardeners can order a "standing order". No, the vegetables are not delivered, but grow up year after year. The perennial broccoli only needs to be planted once and ensures a fresh harvest every year.Anyone who regularly eats these vegetables and does not want to do a lot of work is served well. The care remains the same, only in winter, a protection for snow and frost should be mounted. As with normal broccoli, frame the bed with wood and cover with wooden slats. It is guaranteed that the broccoli in a severe winter, not the time blessing. Because the next harvest is coming, and then it's time again - meal, there's broccoli.

Location and ground

Broccoli, unlike cauliflower, thrives on poor soil and in a cool climate. However, he prefers a fertile and loamy soil and a sunny location. If possible, a well sheltered place should be sought. Otherwise, plants should be removed with wooden or bamboo sticks as a precaution, as they are easily pushed over in strong winds. Ideal conditions for broccoli offer an alkaline, nutrient-rich, loose soil.

Sowing and planting

In March, early varieties are brought forward in a seedling tray on the windowsill and from May, the seedlings are planted in the field. The direct sowing outdoors is possible with the late varieties from the end of April from about the end of April possible. The sowing bed leveled with the hoe is covered, if possible, with sifted and well rotted garden compost, which is carefully grounded and then loosened with a rake. The sowing takes place between the end of April and the middle of June in 15mm deep arranged Saatrillen. The bed should be regularly poured with the fine shower of the pot. Finally, the young plants are separated to 5cm. Between mid-May and late July, when they are about 10cm high and have four to five leaves, they are planted at a distance of 60cm to their final location. To extend the harvest time, you can sow special winter varieties a second time in early summer and set in late summer. Whether the young plants are firmly enough in the soil, one checks by gentle pulling on the upper leaves. Until the plants get used to the new environment, they should be watered daily. The growth of wild herbs should be prevented.

harvest

Ten plants yield up to 10kg of vegetables. The ripe broccoli is ripe when the small flower heads are well developed, but the buds are still closed. The main harvest time ranges from summer to fall, depending on the culture. First, the main shoot is harvested as soon as it is 10-15cm long. If you cut it just above the armpit, the plant drives more side shoots.

Pests and diseases

To protect against the cabbage fly a cardboard or plastic collar is placed around the root neck. To prevent the Kohlhernie, a Schleimpilzerkrankungen, the soil is loosened and lime added. Infested broccoli must be uprooted and destroyed. Yellow spots on the leaves are a sign of downy mildew, which can be avoided by planting far and carefully, without wetting the leaves.
  • Amigo - solid, gray-blue flowers; well suited for early cultivation;
  • Atlantic - green heads with good aroma, mid-early and productive; harvest from late summer to early autumn;
  • Marathon - medium-late, high-yielding variety; very firm, blue-green flower
Tip: If you do not want to sow and plant every year, but would still like to bring these fine vegetables to the table, the perennial broccoli is a convenient alternative.

Video Board: How to grow broccoli from seed to harvest - A complete guide.

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