Broom - care, cutting, propagation and wintering

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Broom - care, cutting, propagation and wintering: propagation

For optimal enjoyment of the broom but it needs the right care and a good cut. Important to the broom is a sunny location and a lean soil. Thus, the broom can also be planted in places in the garden, which are less suitable for other plants. Generally, the broom is generally easy to care for and undemanding and you do not have to fertilize it or water it separately. However, you should also keep the once selected location for the plant and not transplant it.

Optimal care of the ghost

Ginster prefers a sunny spot and a rather meager ground. The plant is therefore ideally suited for garden areas on which not many plants normally grow. Otherwise, gorse is relatively easy to care for and makes no big claims. The shrub does not need to be watered or fertilized. However, the location chosen for the plant should be maintained.
Care claims:
  • sunny location
  • lean soil
  • no fertilization required
  • no additional pouring necessary for precipitation

Propagation of the ghost

If the broom is to be increased, this is possible with the help of his seed. However, for seedling, the seed capsules must be dry. If this is the case, the seeds can be scattered at the place where the plant should also be located. If the broom is to be propagated as a cuttings, then it makes sense to remove them in early autumn. It is important that the cutting has a length of at least 15 to 20 cm when removing.

Overwintering the Ginsters

Ginster is an overall hardy plant that does not need any special protection from freezing temperatures. One should keep in mind, however, that potted plants should be brought to a sheltered place during the winter season. However, even a wall or a protected corner of the garden, where the bucket is placed in order to successfully overwinter the plant.
In the case of the broom, however, it is true that gorse is not the same as broom when it comes to hibernating the plant. The butterflies have many genera called broom. So to overwinter the broom, you should already know when buying the plant, which broom is really hardy:
  • From the genus Genista The broom is available as a shrub or subshrub, which can reach a height of 0.5 to 2 meters and thereby forms a taproot. The yellow-flowering plant is found to southern Scandinavia and Poland and it is considered absolutely hardy, therefore, requires no special wintering.
  • Another genus is the broom, It grows very fast in our latitudes and so young plants in the first year of life can already have a height of half a meter. This broom species is native to the Mediterranean. It is often sold as winter hardy, but still freezes in severe winters into the trunk and survives without a good winter in the field contrary to the claims of many sellers.
  • The same applies to so-called white Many-flowered broom, which cope with maximum minus temperatures of minus 12° C.
  • Of the Ivory broom as well as the Scented dwarf gorse only need a sheltered location for the winter to be hardy.
  • A particularly robust plant is the so-called gorse, which has its origins in the Atlantic areas of Europe and is now widespread worldwide. Selected as one of the 100 worst neophytes worldwide, this broom species shows its perfect handling of unusual locations. This deciduous shrub plant can reach a height of two meters and flowers intensely yellow from April to July. This broom species is very hardy and needs no sheltered location for wintering.
  • The evergreen Spanish broom or Binsenginster can reach as a deciduous plant a height of two to three meters, while driving out a strong yellow and fragrant flower that holds from April to June. The plant, which originates from the Mediterranean, reacts negatively to both wet and frost and must therefore be wintered as a container plant in the cellar.
  • Also the spiny broom as a Mediterranean plant will not survive winter in Germany otherwise without wintering in the basement.

Broom broom

In general, it is important in the wintering of gorse to take into account the origin of the broom, because this is an important indicator of the wintering needs of the gorse. Broom species from Mediterranean regions are only to be hibernated when they are a container plant over the winter in frost-free areas. The environment for the winter-sensitive Mediterranean broom plant should have a temperature of 5 to 10° C. Moderate watering is required when the top layer of soil is dry.Wet accumulation within the wintering can not cope with the plant.
Tip: If you want to plant certain species of broom in the field, you should first inform yourself about the origin of the plant.
  • Hibernation depends on the origin of the plant
  • Mediterranean plants should be wintered as a potted plant in the interior at 5 to 10° C.
  • other species of broom can overwinter in sheltered outdoor areas
  • really hardy plants need no special help in wintering

Cutting the gorse

Leave the gorse its free space and never cut the plant back, then the plant will quickly take over the area and take up a large area. As soon as the shoots rest on the ground, these roots form and immediately new plants, which spread quickly in the area. In this case, many lay people make a wrong decision and radically cut back the shoots - but this does not tolerate the plant at all.
Cut the branches very gently and repeat the easy pruning again in spring. At the same time you achieve that the new drive and flower formation are stimulated. If you discover brown tips in the spring, then the timing for the pruning may have been unfavorable and too late and frost could enter the freshly cut areas. If it is an older plant, you can approach it more courageously and cut back to the old wood.

Worth knowing about broom in a nutshell

The best known is the broom, an upright shrub with broom-like branches. The broom is especially popular because of its abundance of blossoms between May and June, the flowers are usually yellow, but in the meantime are also available through breeding plants with orange-brown, red, pink and cream-white flowers. The branches also look very nice in a vase. After flowering, the plant should be cut back strongly, otherwise it would become too heavy and eventually tip over. The wood is most comfortable in the full sun, on loamy-sandy, lime-poor and nutrient-poor soil.

Otherwise, the broom in the care is very undemanding, he needs only moderate water and hardly any fertilizer. Some species are also frost resistant, but young plants should always be protected from frost. After flowering, the broom can be propagated by cuttings because the plant has a taproot, but it can not be repotted.
Tip: Beware of children and pets: All broom species are slightly toxic!
Other beautiful woody plants include: wisteria, clematis and the kiwi plant. To make the tendrils possible for many trees, there are climbing aids. More here: Trellis and trellis.

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