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The trend in our gardens and on our balconies is towards ornamental plants that can do more than just be beautiful. They bear fruit or a special fragrance, feed birds or attract butterflies.
Why should we not take such added value, especially since the balcony usually has only a few square meters and the usual garden on a family home is not a park? Among these added-value plants is the broom that nourishes some caterpillars. Depending on whether you want to put the broom on the balcony or plant in the garden, then you need a real winter hardy broom or purchase a container plant, then the broom must be properly wintered. Because there are some broom:
Ginster is not the same broomThe genus Ginster, the real broom so, carries the botanical name Genista and belongs to the butterflies (Faboideae). However, these butterfly plants also include some other genera that also carry the term gorse in their name:
- To the genus Geißklee (cytisus) include broom, many-flowered broom and ivory broom.
- The genus Ulex brings out the gorse.
- And then there are the genera Spartium with the Pfriemenginster (Binsenginster or Spanish broom)
- as well as the kind of the Dornginster (Calicotome).
Which broom are hardy?The gorse of the Genista genus grow as shrubs or shrubs that grow between 0.5 and 2 meters and form a taproot in old age. The mostly yellow flowers are pollinated by bees and bumblebees and attract butterflies with their pollen. Since the genus is spread to southern Scandinavia and Poland, these brooms are definitely hardy. They are also otherwise quite undemanding, since they grow in nature mostly in nutrient-poor locations.
The genus Geißklee (cytisus) differs from the very similar genista mainly by the rolled-up stylus, while Genista forms only up-curved stylus. Among them are known in northern Germany Brambusch, probably the most sold are the Cytisus scoparius, gorse or broom. The broom grows with us, even very fast, young plants can grow in the first year almost half a meter. Although the broom-dweller in Northern Germany has several names of his own and plays an old role in Pentecostal customs and other customs, he feels most comfortable in the Mediterranean.
Even if the broom is usually sold as winter hardy, the frost-sensitive shrub often freezes in severe winters back to the trunk, he does not always survive in the field. Similarly with its genus relatives, the beautiful white Vielblütige broom (Cytisus multiflorus) should not tolerate more than the USDA climate zone 8a, with a maximum minus 12.2 degrees Celsius. Also the ivory broom (Cytisus praecox, often in the variety "Allgold") and the scented dwarf gorse (Cytisus beanii) are often hardy only on sheltered sites.
The gorse comes originally from the Atlantic regions of Europe, but is now widespread on the earth. That he was voted among the world's 100 worst neophytes shows quite clearly how well he copes with unfamiliar locations. The deciduous, thorny shrub grows up to 2 meters high and develops numerous yellow flowers from April to July. It can be well planted as a low limit and it promotes soil fertility by binding nitrogen in the air and directing it to the ground. The gorse has proven to be hardy everywhere in Germany.
The Pfriemenginster or Binsenginster is deciduous and can be 2 to 3 feet high. He develops beautiful bright yellow and very fragrant flowers, which appear in large quantities from April to June. If he can tolerate the climate with us, originally the prince-broom is more likely to find in the Mediterranean and similar friendly areas. Therefore, the prickly broom is sensitive to moisture and frost and thrives best in sunny hot locations.
Also resident in the Mediterranean is the thorn gorse (Calicotome), which will therefore be difficult to do in some gardens in Germany.
Winter hardy broom? - Note origin!The many gorse species are then also crossed among themselves. If you can not determine with certainty which of the species a broom belongs to, you should follow the origin. For example, every spring we offer yellow spring broom in the pot, which are grown in the Canary Islands. Even if she as Genista are expelled, they are not hardy with this provenance in our latitudes. This broom should be cultivated in the bucket, it is only perennial, if it is wintered frost-free.
For this he should be placed like a Mediterranean plant in winter in a bright, but quite cold environment of 5 to 10 degrees. It is then poured only moderately, always only when the top layer of soil is dry, and must never get wet feet. Similarly, other brooms should be wintered in tubs, especially possibly sensitive varieties of clover or broom broom.
If you want to plant weed clover, gorse, broom broom or thorn gorse with us, you could inquire, where the plants were pulled. Or you cut yourself from a shrub that has come safely through the winter with us, cuttings or cuttings. You can use one-year-old shoots and put them in pots, after about a year they are so well rooted that they can be planted.