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Browallia belongs to the genus of the nightshade family and is native to tropical South America. Like many nightshades, it is poisonous to humans and animals. Most types of Browallie are annuals. Only Browallia speciosa is one of the semi-shrubs and is cultivated as a multi-leafed and bushy potted plant. Their small blue, purple or white flowers often appear year-round with a rich flor, which lasts much longer in cool locations. The Browallie, however, is a short-lived plant, as it ages rapidly. If you make sure that the buds are just opening at the time of purchase, you will enjoy the plant for a longer time. Other types of Browallie are usually used as garden flowers.
Origin, name and species
All types of Browallie come from South America, especially from Colombia and Peru. Regionally, the plant is also known by us under the name Blauglöckchen and violet bush. The best known types are:
- Browallia speciosa
- Browallia grandiflora
- Browallia viscosa
The Browallie loves a bright and airy location at room temperature. Over the summer, it thrives well on the terrace and balcony in a sheltered place. The sun should be avoided indoors as well as outdoors. If the plant is a little cooler, the flowering time is increased. If you want to overwinter the Browallie, it needs a cool place with about 10-15 degrees. During this rest period, the plant is only slightly watered. Often a hibernation is not worthwhile, then you should ensure in time for offspring.
The plants are very easy to care for. They love a loose and nutrient-rich soil. Well suited are finished substrates. During the growing season you should water the browallie moderately, but regularly so that the soil is always slightly moist. Waterlogging and water in the lower pot should be avoided, as well as dehydration. Fertilization takes place in this time every 8-14 days with one of the usual flower fertilizers. When the withered flowers are removed, new buds are constantly forming. If you let the withered flowers stand against it, the seeds develop. However, this should be avoided as they take the plant unnecessarily vigor. In spring, the overwintered Browallia is repotted and pruned to long shoots, so that the plant remains in shape and not too bulky. Regular spawning during the growing season stimulates branching and keeps the plant bushy.
In early summer cuttings can be cut from the plant and planted in fresh soil. The best way to root the cuttings under foil, simply put a perforated plastic bag over the pot. You can also grow new plants year round through sowing. The seed must not be covered, as the browallie is a light germ. To keep the soil moist, a plastic bag also serves well in this kind of cultivation. Are the plantlets about two inches tall, the plastic bag is removed. Keep moderately moist and, with a size of about eight centimeters, separate into pots. The young plants must be trimmed several times during growth.
Pests and diseases
In dry air, white flies, spider mites and aphids can be found on Browallia. Yellow glue boards help against the white fly, aphids and spider mites can be fought with the usual means. If the plants are too moist or too dense in arrangements, they often get mold. Then all affected parts of the plant must be cut off and the remaining parts treated with a fungicide.
- The Browallie is a short-lived, but thankful and rich flowering flowering plant
- It is very easy to care for
- It thrives in the room all year round and can be outdoors in the summer, but not in the blazing sun
- Waterlogging and dehydration of the earth should be avoided
- It should be cut back regularly so it does not get too bulky
- It can be easily propagated by cuttings or seeds
- Careful, in dry air pests on Browallia like