The Content Of The Article:
As a bush tree is called a fruit tree refinement on medium-growing fruit wildlings and indeed in all types of fruit.
The most common varieties are apples, pears, cherries, plums, plums, mirabelles and rennekloden. The bush tree is a tree form, which can be up to 3.5 meters high, so manageable and therefore also suitable for smaller gardens. Bush trees are also often called low stem or quarter stem. The pure trunk length is 40 to 60 cm. In the bush tree, yields are expected in the second year. The fruit trees are 30 to 40 years old. They are usually cultivated as spindle trees, which do not need much space.
Location for bush trees
Fruit trees are generally sunny and free. They should not be restricted. They need uniform light from all sides to be able to develop in all directions. You have to keep in mind how much space the tree needs when fully grown. So do not put the bush trees too tight, even if they do not reach the dimensions that normal fruit trees have. 3.5-meter-high trees cast shadows accordingly, so do not plant too close to the terrace!
- A balanced soil is ideal for bush trees.
- It is favorable to prepare the planting well.
- 0.5 to 1 cubic meter of earth should be excavated.
- Mix 1/3 topsoil with 1/3 seasoned compost and 1/3 clay or clay and mix the components well together.
- Distribute substrate around the young tree. This mixture ensures a good start.
- Planting distance 3 to 4 meters or approx. 12 m² free planting area.
- For long-term stabilization and stability a tree stake is recommended.
- It is important not to fertilize when planting!
- Roots must not come across too dense underground, otherwise the growth is inhibited. Therefore the big excavation is necessary.
- Put the root ball in water for a few hours before planting.
- For fabric wrapped bales, remove this material.
- Best planted in pairs!
- When buying in nursery the Himmelsrichtuing, in which the tree was noted and plant him exactly the same way. Thus, the tree does not notice the "interruption" and usually gets used to its new home quickly.
- Especially after planting regular and sufficient watering is necessary.
- Water for 3 to 4 years with prolonged dryness.
- Older trees are usually without additional water.
- Fertilize only in spring, March / April with suitable natural fertilizer.
- Do not fertilize with blue grain!
- Never fertilize in the fall!
- Do not fertilize while planting!
- During the spring, trees planted in the spring did not fertilize until the next year, during the early spring harvest.
- Through an annual cut, the height of the bush tree can be adapted to the respective needs.
- When cutting it depends on which crown shape is to be achieved. Every type of fruit has its own cutting measures.
- Bush trees are often cultivated as spindle (spindle bush).
- Without cut such a woodland usually grows up with a pyramidal crown. The middle drive is growing the strongest.
- During planting, parenting and rejuvenation cut this form should be preserved.
- A slender tip is important so that all fruits get light equally well.
- When cut it depends on the age of the bush tree. The first years are especially important. Detailed instructions can be found at: forums9.ch/reportagen/apfelsorten/briefkasten/baumschnitt.htm
The wintering is not a problem as far as local fruits are concerned. These come well without protection well through the winter.
Diseases and pests
Bush trees are plagued by the same diseases and pests as other fruit trees.
Conclusion of the editorship
Bush trees are ideal for small gardens. They do not need much space and care and yet provide rich yields, especially in the year after planting. Depending on how you want to educate the crown, must be cut. It is not complicated.