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Is not it a wonderful sight when the garden is full of butterflies in summer? Would not it be a nice idea to make sure that many butterflies fly around in the garden? The beginner sets up for this purpose a butterfly box by the butterflies find shelter, the ambitious nature lover thinks of a butterfly breeding. This is how you go about breeding butterflies:
- (1) For butterfly breeding, you need parent animals first, so you need to catch adult butterflies. How many, depends on the size of the free-flight cage, per cubic meter can be used about two butterflies. At this stage, the intense involvement with the butterflies already begins, because you need to know exactly which butterflies catch you. On the one hand, to catch unprotected species that can not be harvested from nature, on the other hand, because you want to offer your butterflies in the free-flight cage a life that comes as close as possible to their lives in the wild.
- (2) The first time you start a breeding attempt, you should stick to well-known butterflies, which are under no special protection. These are z. The Admiral (Vanessa atalanta), the Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui), the Little Fox (Aglais urticae) and the Peacock Butterfly (Inachis io). Although these species are under the protection of § 39 Federal Nature Act and the corresponding respective national provision, actually no wild animal may be taken without reasonable reason of nature. However, butterfly breeding is usually classified as a "reasonable reason", and those who want to be legally safe call the nature conservation authority of the community for a short time. In general, breeding z. For example, for didactic purposes, if breeding is restricted to a few individuals kept under as close to natural conditions as possible and later released in the area where the parent or caterpillars have been found. You might as well inquire about what you need to do if the hobby grabs you and you want to breed protected species the next time, whose attitude is generally under approval.
- (3) These butterflies need a comfortable free-flight cage, where they like to mate and then lay eggs. This can be a simple cuboid on frame timbers, which is covered with wire mesh. It should be at least 10 cubic feet in space, the larger it is, the less likely the butterflies will come into contact with the wire, which could damage their wings. The cage should never be exposed to direct sunlight, so ensure sufficient airflow to prevent waterlogging and mold growth.
- (4) This free flight cage must be equipped so that the butterflies find similar conditions as in nature. What that means depends on the type of butterfly you have caught. You must therefore first investigate what moisture and which heat the species you are sheltering needs and which flowers and shrubs your butterflies like. They are now planted in the free-flight cage (perhaps in pots), as eating plants and as the plants on which the oviposition is to take place. These are usually at the same time the plants that eat the caterpillars after hatching, sometimes come some food crops in question, not infrequently, there is only one feed plant.
- (5) This is followed by a waiting period, when the butterflies feel well, a mating will take place. Probably you will be able to observe the mating, it lasts several hours, in which the butterflies seem to stick together motionless with the back parts. After mating, the female then lays off the eggs, one to three weeks later, the caterpillars hatch.
- (6) The caterpillars are now placed in an incubator, which you can build yourself after instructions from the Internet. Often the breeding project is only started here, after construction of the incubator caterpillars are collected in nature. For them, the above to the legal requirements said.
- (7) The caterpillars must be fed regularly, of course, with the right fodder plant, which must be researched beforehand. From the o. G. Butterfly species include the caterpillars of the admiral, the peacock's eye and the small fox to the nettle caterpillars, they only eat stinging nettles when they are larger, quite several branches every day. The caterpillar of the Painted Lady likes nettles and many other lower plants. If the conditions in the incubator are right, the caterpillars enjoy the hospitality, without having to fear enemies, they develop then with almost amazing speed, after 14 days, the caterpillars may have pupated.
- (8) If the puppets hatch, the "new butterflies" can be released into the open air, this task usually gives the children involved in the project the greatest pleasure.