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There is hardly a better experience in the garden than to watch butterflies as they feed on the flowers of various plants. The caterpillars are often fought, but once they have developed into a butterfly, the joy is quite large.
To make butterflies native to our gardens, it is essential to plant flowering, nectar-rich plants. This necessarily includes a summer lilac, also called butterfly shrub. Many flowers settle on its flowers and suck the nectar from the flowers. A beautiful spectacle in the summer months.
But you should also provide the caterpillars with enough food. If the caterpillars have the opportunity to develop undisturbed, we humans will have the joy of being able to observe the butterflies in the summer. There should be a patch of stinging nettles in every garden. Nettle is a delicacy for many butterfly caterpillars and here the caterpillars do not bother anyone. Butterflies, like ladybirds and other beneficial organisms, are very important for the garden. Where many beneficials live, there are hardly any pests, or only in quantities that are hardly disturbing.
Here are some butterflies that can be found relatively frequently in our gardens. This includes the admiral, with his unmistakable drawing. Most often you can see this beauty in the summer lilac, in the months of August and September. Also common in the summer lilac is the little fox. The peacock butterfly lights up in bright flowers. The more nectar-rich the flower, the more frequent is the visit by this butterfly. Lemon butterflies are already visible in early spring. They fly everything that has a flower. Occasionally we sometimes find one or two swallowtails in our gardens. Taubenschwänzchen, imperial coat and C-butterfly are also rare visitors in the garden, the greater is the joy when you sift. It may be worthwhile to have the digital camera in the garden (especially in midsummer) at hand, if one of the rare guests settles on the flowers of the summer lilac.
The groups of the butterfly plants
Let's start with the most inconspicuous butterfly's darlings: these are the stinging nettles mentioned above that are eagerly eaten by the caterpillars of many butterflies. By the way, a small stinging nettle in the garden brings you even more benefits: It can be used to prepare soothing tea and valuable nettle manure, a kind of mixture of pesticide and fertilizer.
The next group of plants that like butterflies is a bit more attractive, and above all, it smells better: butterflies fly on aromatic plants, in the truest sense of the word. So, if you plant sage and lavender and thyme and rosemary, you will not only be able to incorporate really fresh spices into your diet, but also lure butterflies into the garden with these herbs.
The crowning glory for all butterflies is the wildflower meadow in the garden. For example, at the company Voitsauer you can order seed mixtures at wildblumensaatgut.at, in which flowers are specially compiled for home gardens as seed for an insect pasture. From this seed sprout robust flowering plants that carry nectar, bees, insects and butterflies like, and get along with little care.
More butterflies in the garden
If you would like to have more butterflies in the garden to delight yourself or skilfully care for nature's children, you could build a butterfly box and set it up in the garden. This is not an unsolvable task even for inexperienced do-it-yourselfers, basically it is a rectangular wooden box with slots, you will find instructions on how to do it yourself. B. here on Garden-Landscape.com and many other places on the Internet. Of course, butterfly boxes are also available for purchase.
These butterfly boxes are usually populated by any moths, which are thereby supported in the rearing of the next generation. It is not uncommon for the first butterfly boxes to be of real interest to the beautiful animals in both children and adults, and when the newly-baked butterfly fans first realize how many species of butterflies are threatened with extinction, the next butterfly box is their turn.
This butterfly fly box is then a bit bigger, and it is suitable for breeding butterflies. In such a free-flight cage the butterflies are offered nature-like living conditions. When surrounding butterflies are caught and used, they will mate and lay eggs in the cage, so you can observe the entire life cycle of the butterflies on the spot.
If you become an experienced butterfly breeder in a few years, you will probably get a special permit from the relevant Environmental Protection Agency and use the first endangered species and multiply in a protected environment...