Cut Buxbaum correctly - instructions for pruning

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Boxwood - Buxus

Its changeable shape and the densely growing, lush green leaves make the Buxbaum an appealing eye-catcher. However, even experienced hobby gardeners with green thumbs often find it hard to achieve the desired shape or to get them after the purchase. With the right knowledge and the right timing, it can be pretty easy to make the Buxbaum correctly. The following instructions also help beginners in plant care to convincing successes.


If the Bux has not yet reached the desired basic shape, a rough shape cut is required. Whether ball, cone or heart - without the right basis, all further design attempts are in vain.
For this rough cut is already resorted to the first shoot of the year to scissors. Best in early March. All shoots that are in the way of the form are removed. If the Buxbaum still lacks the required mass in some places, so if there are holes, that's not a problem. These fill up later with the correct procedure. An initially "plucked" optics is completely normal.
The early date of the rough cut is crucial. If the plant has already expelled, if radically shortened at least in places, unnecessarily much leaf mass is lost in the measure. The Bux is weakened and then can drive out less strong, the dense growth will take longer to wait.
Tip: Already using the coarse cut of the Buxbaum a corresponding template, which prevents mistakes and makes frequent corrections unnecessary.

fine cut

With a coarse blending alone, it is of course not yet done with the Buxbaum, if this is cultivated as a formwood. In order to obtain accurate financial statements, a fine-cut must be made at least once a year, better still three more times. In this, as the name suggests, gentler action and little, but all around and evenly cut. The first fine cut of the year takes place when the young plant shoots measure two to four centimeters in length. The denser the growth should be, the shorter the fresh sprouts should be and the faster the fine cut must follow the rough cutting.
If the Bux is to grow in size and there are hardly any gaps, only half of each young shoot is removed. For larger holes in the mold is first cut compacting. The second and third fine cuts are made when the young shoots are again two to four centimeters long.
With this measure, especially when still brighter spots are available, a lot of instinct is needed. To avoid mistakes, it is also advisable to work by hand and with a mechanical shrub or rose scissors.
Tip: The shorter the shoots, the less leaves are removed and the gentler the measure for the Buxbaum.


Boxwood - Buxus

As the Buxbaum grows throughout the season, there will always be individual shoots that dance out of line and stand out from the mold. It is advisable here to pull the scissors immediately and shorten them. These corrections make it possible to achieve faster and denser outsides. These measures may and should therefore be carried out throughout the year and as soon as possible when the conspicuous shoots appear.


Especially at the beginning and in still very loose, holey growth form the compression of the Buxbaums is of great importance. Only through these gaps can close as quickly as possible. If the young shoots have reached a length of at least two centimeters, the entire fresh green is removed. The distinct difference in leaf color makes the distinction easy. For example, older areas are dark, while younger ones are light.
This action stimulates the growth and branching of the plant, thus ensuring that new branches always come up from below. In addition, so the size can be easily controlled.

Cutting with templates and helps

Whether round or tapered to cut the Buxbaum by eye in shape is almost impossible. The common consequences are dents or even holes. In addition, the design is extremely time consuming. It is better, therefore, to use templates and aids. For straight forms but also cones, the use of strained threads or rods, which serve as orientation. For the classic ball, proceed as follows:
  1. Record the current diameter.
  2. At the edge of a solid cardboard record, find the middle of the line and draw from this a semicircle.
  3. Reduce the diameter by two to four centimeters depending on the drive length and the desired cutting type. Also apply this on the cardboard.
  4. Cut out the smaller semicircle.
  5. Position the resulting template sideways and lightly press between the outer shoots until the leaves reach the recorded current diameter line.
  6. Cut along the template, always paying attention to the appropriate distance.
  7. Step by step, cut the pages around and then the upper part of the Buxbaum with the template and cut. Freehand corrections are hardly necessary.
In this work, a helper is ideal, who either holds the stencil or cuts. Alternatively, the template can be fixed to the planter or attached to the plant.

care section

If the Buxbaum grow naturally and without artificial shaping, he can do without the cutting. For a denser leaf trimming, however, one to two blends per year are favorable. This is simply shortened all around.
Again, young shoots of at least two centimeters are advisable as times.

cutting equipment

Electric hedge trimmers should not be used with the Buxbaum. These shred the leaves and thereby create a large, prone to burn and visually unattractive surface.
Better are mechanical variants that are freshly sharpened and cleaned.


For the first coarse blending, early March is usually ideal. After particularly mild winters, the Buxbaum should be formed earlier, since the measure is to be carried out before the first budding.

Boxwood - Buxus

The first fine cut is about eight weeks later. Again, the time depends on the weather conditions but also on the growth rate. If the Bux has already expelled two centimeters after four weeks, he may already be blended. The second fine cut is the same. It usually takes another eight weeks, but should be decided on a case-by-case basis.
If this is taken into account, cutting times usually occur in March, end of April or beginning of May and June or July. It is also possible a third fine cut between August and September, then the Bux should not be trimmed.
In addition to choosing the right growth phase, attention must also be paid to daytime conditions. The fresh cut surfaces of the Buxbaum tend to burn and turn brown in the sequence. This damage remains visible until it is covered by renewable leaves. Alternatively, then must be cut, which could be detrimental to the form. In order to avoid this, a day as covered as possible should be selected for the waste of the Buxbaum. Under no circumstances may the measure be carried out in the blazing sun. It is also beneficial to cut in the evening and to artificially shade the plants. In this way, the cut surfaces can slowly heal and close. The risk of damage is significantly lower.
Small or large, round or square - the Buxbaum can be pulled into numerous shapes if it is blended correctly. This may be expensive at the beginning, but it pays off with an attractive decorative look that is second to none. Caution and patience are valuable investments.

Video Board: Gardening : How to Prune Boxwood.

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