The Content Of The Article:
- Finding the right location
- Select the ideal substrate
- When is the best planting time?
- How is the substrate to be prepared?
- Plant early and late varieties correctly
- Different possibilities of cultivation at a glance
- Planting savoy cabbage in the bucket - is that possible?
In addition to white and red cabbage, savoy cabbage in the vegetable garden should not be missing. Do not worry, the cultivation is very simple and uncomplicated.
Savoy cabbage is a vegetable cabbage and is distinguished from white and red cabbage by its wavy leaves. These may appear yellow-green to dark green and form round to pointed rosettes. Due to its comparatively tender leaves, savoy cabbage can be used in many ways. Whether as a crispy leaf salad, as a nutritious vegetable variety or as part of the cabbage roll - savoy cabbage is not only delicious, but also healthy. The cabbage contains many vitamins, fiber, iron, copper and calcium.
If you also want to plant it yourself in the garden, you should not have any problems. Savoy cabbage is rather undemanding and can be cultivated almost all year round. Reason enough to take a closer look at the planting of the cabbage.
Finding the right location
The choice of location is the basis of successful cultivation. Savoy generally prefers a sunny spot. He also tolerates partial shade. In any case, the plants should be bright and protected. If you prefer mixed culture, savoy cabbage feels very good in the neighborhood of cucumbers, tomatoes, leeks, celery or peas.
Since savoy is a strong typhoon, you should not cultivate it continuously at the same location. After harvesting, the soil should have enough time to regenerate. At least three years should pass before you can grow savoy cabbage again at the old location. Do not observe the crop rotation and thus keep the location, you risk the emergence of diseases and pests.
Select the ideal substrate
The soil should be able to store the water well and not be too loose. Harvested cabbages eventually bring some weight and are on the ground. The substrate should be able to withstand that. For a healthy growth, a humus and calcareous substrate is generally beneficial.
Anyone who is unsure whether the soil conditions correspond to the plant should determine the pH of the soil. Appropriate tests are available for about five euros in every garden and hardware store. Savoy cabbage has optimal conditions when the pH is between 6.5 and 7.5. Reading tip: Test PH value in the soil correctly - video tutorial.
When is the best planting time?
Savoy cabbage can be planted almost year round. It is important to distinguish in Frühwirsing, Sommerwirsing, Herbstwirsing and Winterwirsing. Early cabbage and summer savoy cabbage reach maturity rather than white cabbage and red cabbage. Below is a brief overview of the Wirsingsorten and their optimal planting time.
|early cabbage||from February||from April||from July|
|summer Wirsing||from April||from May||from August to November|
|late varieties||deleted||sowing in the field until August||from October to April|
How is the substrate to be prepared?
A properly prepared substrate is particularly important for good crop yields. For the cultivation of early savoy cabbage you should prepare already in the autumn and prepare the soil for the planting. For this purpose, pierce the ground and lift it up profoundly. Since savoy loves calcareous soil, you can still incorporate seaweed lime or stone meal into the soil. The incorporation of compost is also beneficial and provides a valuable organic fertilizer.
The starter also prefers a nutrient-rich soil. This can be achieved by adding components of harvested vegetables. Thus, the sticks of carrots or the leek of onions may remain as a biological mass in the bed and contribute to the fertility of the soil.
The selected location should not have been cultivated with other types of cabbage or mustard in the past three years. Because mustard plants transmit with cabbage hernia a dreaded disease on the cabbage plants.
Plant early and late varieties correctly
It is easy to surround yourself with savoy cabbage all year round. The culture time for late savoy cabbage is, for example, up to 40 weeks, in early varieties, however, only about half, at about 15 to 25 weeks.
Early whitewood should be preferred in the room and planted outdoors from mid-May. The plants should then have reached a size of about ten centimeters. Early cabbage grows less lush and a planting distance of 35 centimeters is sufficient.
Winter savoy should be preferred in August. If several leaf pairs have formed, you can put the savoy cabbage in the field. Since the late varieties reach a larger diameter, a planting distance of half a meter is appropriate. The savoy cabbage can then overwinter in the vegetable patch, as it tolerates temperatures of up to -10 degrees.
Different possibilities of cultivation at a glance
If you want to harvest savoy cabbage all year round, you can take advantage of different cultivation methods, which will now be explained in detail.
Cultivation on the windowsill:
❶ If you prefer to put savoy cabbage in the room and plant it directly in the field in May, you need a seed box. This you fill first with Aussaaterde.
❷ Then sprinkle the seeds in them and cover them thinly with soil.
❸ Germination should then take place in a bright location. But avoid the full sunshine. The seedlings also tolerate no dry heating air. Therefore, you should prefer the windowsill in the unheated bedroom of the cultivation in the living room.
To accelerate germination, you can provide the seed box with a foil or glass cover. At temperatures of 15 degrees the seeds germinate after seven to ten days. However, the substrate must not dry out during this time, but also not be soaked. Therefore, it is advisable to spray the seedbed regularly instead of watering it with the watering can.
❹ After germination, you should remove the cover from the seed box, pick the seedlings and plant directly into the bed from a height of ten centimeters.
Cultivation in the cold frame:
❶ Savoy cabbage can also be sown directly in the cold frame. You just have to prepare the floor accordingly. Put a mixture of sand, peat, compost and lime on a layer of manure.
Auf Then loosen up the soil and gently press it together. You can use a board for this.
Auss Seed the seeds loosely and sift about one centimeter thick with soil. Then moisten the seeds with a fine stream of water. The substrate should not dry out now.
❹ In order to prevent mold, do not forget to air the cold frame occasionally on frost-free days.
❶ In summer, direct sowing outdoors is also possible. For this you first have to loosen the soil and prepare it with compost and lime.
❷ When introducing the seeds, you should then ensure a sufficient distance, because then you can save yourself in the further course of pikieren. In addition, the plants are already already in place.
At an average temperature of 18 degrees, the seeds may begin to germinate after just over a week.
A vegetable net keeps not only pests away from the young plants, but also the neighbor's cat.
Planting savoy cabbage in the bucket - is that possible?
There is nothing wrong with cultivating savoy cabbage in the tub. However, you need a sufficiently large planter. A bright and warm location is also important for the container plant. The plants must also be watered regularly and supplied with a fertilizer that has a high lime content. Protective measures are also required in winter so that the planter does not freeze completely and the roots are attacked. A reading tip: hibernate container plants - how it's done!