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In order to maintain vitality, cacti migrate to fresh substrate every few years. For the prickly succulents in the bed can sometimes be moved to a new location into consideration. Proportional to the length of the thorns, in the hobby gardener the respect for this measure increases. The following guide shows you how to repot and transplant cacti properly. Benefit from advice on useful tools, the ideal substrate, the perfect planter, and more. Here are the 10 best tips for you.
Tip: The best time to repot and repot are the months from March to May
Moving to a new planter or other location is a burden on cacti. Immediately following hibernation, the stress level is at its lowest. For the hardy succulents in the bed, of course, an appointment in question, in which the floor is completely thawed.
Tip: With dried substrate a cactus is easier to remove
For a date in the spring also speaks the largely dry substrate. Both from the planter and from the beetle, even roots that have been established for many years resolve themselves.
Tip: Root claw, spatula or chopsticks remove stubborn plant soil
A cactus grows faster in fresh substrate, the less the roots of old potting soil are hindered. The tools used here are a root claw from the tool case for bonsai cultivation, a pike stick or simply a Japanese chopstick. The exposed root ball carefully inspects experienced hobby gardeners to cut out obviously diseased or rotten root strands with a sharp, disinfected scissors.
Tip: The ideal substrate consists of an organic-mineral mixture
A high quality cactus soil provides the plant with support, is easy to root through and airy. If water is poured after a long hibernation, the substrate should hold water for some time without waterlogging. As a result, succulents rely on a mixture that contains both organic and mineral components. The following compilations have proven themselves in practice:
- 60% commercial cactus clay + 20% lava granules + 20% pumice beads
- 30% peat culture substrate + 30% mature compost + 20% pumice + 20% lava granules
Tip: Sterilize the pot substrate in the oven or microwave before use
The promises of the manufacturers may be as full-bodied promise the sterile nature of a substrate. However, as long as there are organic components, a personal disinfection is recommended. How it works:
- Put the substrate in a fireproof tray
- Loosely put on the lid
- Preheat the oven to 150 degrees Celsius
- Disinfect for 30 minutes and allow to cool
Tip: The pot diameter corresponds to one third of the stature height
To choose the new planter unceremoniously a few inches larger by eye, does not really meet the requirements of a successful cactus care. They move on the safe side, if the decision for a pot falls, whose diameter corresponds to one third of the stature height. If the succulent grows taller than 100 centimeters, the value drops to a quarter, but not less than a sixth. Moreover, the shape of the tub takes account of root growth. Shallowworms feel more comfortable in broad bowls, while taproots enjoy a deep pot.
Tip: Drainage above the floor opening prevents waterlogging
While rainwater and irrigation water seep into the expertly treated garden floor after some time, cacti in the planter are threatened by waterlogging. If the excess moisture can not run off, the water collects in the root ball. The rhizomes drown in the truest sense of the word, and the succulent is beyond saving. This deficiency is effectively prevented by using drainage. Over the bottom opening in the pot you spread coarse-grained, inorganic material, such as crushed potsherds, pebbles or grit.So that the earth crumbs do not get stuck in between, add an air-permeable fleece between the drainage and the substrate.
Tip: Thick work gloves, several layers of newsprint or polystyrene panels protect against thorns
The longer the thorns of a cactus, the greater the discomfort with the gardener. If you are even confronted with glochidia on Opuntia, protective measures are indispensable. These thorns have barbs that are very painful to remove from the skin.
Step-by-step instructions for repotting
Once all the preparations have been completed, the actual process of potting quickly goes by the hand. In these steps it is possible:
- Fill the substrate to half the pot height
- Throw a fist into it with your fist or a planting wood
- Insert the stuffed cactus in the middle
- Surrounded with the rest of the earth as high as the succulent has been
Proper transplanting goes like this
Ideally, at the new location, first prepare the floor so that it adopts the recommended structure. Subsequently, the grave fork loosens the surrounding soil on the cactus. In a diameter, according to the height of growth of the succulents, separate the roots around with the spade. To lift the largely dry plant out of the ground, push the spade under the root ball. With the help of the wheelbarrow, the spiny fellow is transported to his new place. Here are the steps in these steps:
- Shake off the old earth or take it out of the bale with a root claw
- A planting pit dig with twice the volume of the root ball
- Insert the cactus in the middle and dig in just as deep as at the previous location
Tip: Cactus after repotting and transplanting only after a few days pour
For the battered succulent to recover, it will be cast for the first time after a week at the earliest. Cactuses in the pot should spend this time in the partially shaded place. The specimens in the bed are shaded in sunny weather with a screen.
Tip: Smash out used clay pots and use them as drainage material
A protection against waterlogging in the form of a drainage above the water outlet, is not only useful for cacti. Before you dispose of an old clay bucket in the garbage, you lead him in this way a meaningful re-use. Although the vessel is destroyed, cunning fungal spores, tiny insect eggs, or lurking viruses may still be concealed in the pores or crumbs. Careful hobby gardeners carefully clean the pot again before it is smashed.
Cacti are among the most grateful ornamental plants in the house and garden. Without requiring elaborate care, the succulents delight with the most amazing silhouettes and breathtaking flowers. For the spiky beauties to accomplish this feat over many years, a regular exchange of the substrate gives them the necessary vitality. How to properly repot and transplant cacti is now familiar to you thanks to this guide. Browse through the top 10 tips to give your thorny companions a stress-free move to the new planter or to the new location.