Real chamomile - profile, cultivation, care and harvest


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Real chamomile - profile, cultivation, care and harvest: cultivation

As a known medicinal plant, the real chamomile is used for inflammation and stomach and intestinal complaints. You get different seeds, which differ according to the content of the active ingredients; For hobby gardeners, this aspect probably does not matter much. The sowing starts at the end of summer or the beginning of autumn. Then the yield is the greatest.
The real chamomile is an easy-to-maintain plant, which survives even the winter under certain conditions.

Characteristics

  • Name: Real chamomile (lat. Matricaria chamomilla)
  • Family: Asteraceae (lat.: Asteraceae)
  • Origin: Southern and Eastern Europe, Western Asia
  • Sowing: end of August to beginning of September
  • Flowering and Harvest: September to October
  • Growth height: 15 to 20 cm
  • Use: spice herb, medicinal herb
  • Special features: struck back flower tongues, domed inflorescence

Location and soil condition

The right place for sowing the real chamomile is loamier, possibly a bit sandy soil that is well lit by the sun. The sowing in halbschattigen places is possible. For a healthy growth, the place must be warm only moderately moist. The pH of the soil may be in the slightly acidic to alkaline (basic) range and between 6.5 and 8. However, the location must not be too sour, otherwise there is a danger of heavy metals being absorbed by the camomile. The soil is nutrient-poor if possible. Alternatively, choose black soil for the cultivation of the real chamomile. Overview of the soil conditions:
  • loamy, sandy soil
  • sunny or partially shaded place
  • Soil must be warm and only slightly damp
  • ideal pH between 6.5 and 8 (slightly acidic to slightly basic)
  • alternatively use black soil

sowing

Before sowing, pluck, if necessary, all weeds. Then loosen the soil until it has a fine crumbly consistency. In order to give the soil even better suitability, it enriches the soil with compost. The seeds of the real chamomile are not buried and not covered with soil after sowing; This plant is called light germ. The seeds need to be pressed slightly after sowing. After about a week, the first germs begin to sprout. The steps of sowing in a nutshell:
  • Pluck weeds unconditionally
  • Loosen the soil until it is fine crumbly
  • If necessary, mix compost under the ground
  • Sow seeds on the ground and press lightly; do not cover with earth
  • first seedlings after about a week

wintering

Sowing before the winter is not a problem. If the chamomile grows so far that the small rosettes are already visible, the plant can safely survive the cold season, provided they are protected from the frost, for example by adding a layer of straw. Problems can occur when cold weather is coming up next spring. The plant is not prepared for this climate change. The result is the smaller growth of flowers in smaller numbers. When the winter months are over, the seeds will mature into mature plants.

to water

The top priority is: Do not over-water. The real chamomile is created only for slightly moist soil, which is why casting is only necessary in moderation. Overall, however, a rather dry stand is healthier for the plant than a littered ground. Who wants to grow the real chamomile in a container, must pour something more than in the garden. It is advisable not to water the young plants with the watering can, but with the help of a flower syringe and a fine spray mist. Subsequently, only low water supply is necessary. If the cultivation of Matricaria chamomilla fail, it is very likely due to excessive watering.

Fertilize

real chamomile - Matricaria chamomilla

The real chamomile is a healthy plant with only a few claims. A supply of nutrients is necessary only in small quantities. If you decide to use nitrogen, you should use it only marginally, otherwise the herbs will grow excessively. The use of phosphorus runs under the same conditions as nitrogen. Much more important is the fertilization with potassium, through which the chamomile will bear a rich flowering. Fertilizing is not a must. Gardeners, who offer their chamomile plants a nutrient-rich soil, can do without the addition of nutrients. In general, real chamomile says: less is more. This applies equally to water and fertilizer. Nevertheless, the floor should not dry out. Who decides to grow on sandy soil, fertilizes with bovine dung pellets, as they work for a long time.
  • fertilize only slightly
  • Use nitrogen sparingly, as well as phosphorus
  • rather fertilize with potassium (ensures yields)
  • in nutrient-rich soil does not need to be fertilized
  • Cattle dung pellets on sandy soil, since long-acting time
Tip: You can also sow the real chamomile in conventional potting soil. This should be enriched with garden lime.

blend

If you cut your plant, you only have to sow it in autumn. As soon as the days get warmer, you cut the plant slightly spherical. The more one blends the plant, the more flowers subsequently grow.

harvest

It is important not to cut the first flower heads as new flowers regrow. It pays to wait until the plants have fully developed their flowers. The yield is simply the biggest. The farther the true chamomile has progressed in development, the lower the content of essential oils. Who wants to use the oils of the medicinal plant, reaps the flower heads as timely. Otherwise you should not wait too long, otherwise the flower heads will disintegrate. Even the stems can be harvested. This is especially recommended if you want to prepare a tea.
Tip: It is best to have a warm lunch, as the flower heads are wide open at this time and contain plenty of essential oils.

Diseases

The real chamomile is robust, so there are no pests and diseases that threaten the entire sowing. Nevertheless, losses must be expected in an emergency. The most common is the downy mildew, which is an infection of the leaves. Also on the leaves of the real chamomile Alternaria can occur, a mold that leads to spots. Large losses of the yields are attributable to the chamomile beetle, because it eats the petals. Also aphids, bugs and similar pests are a danger.

Frequently asked questions

  • The plant does not grow - what happened?
Maybe the seed is poured over. As a fairly undemanding plant, the real chamomile needs only a little water. Too much fluid prevents development.
  • Can you grow the real chamomile in the bucket?
Yes, sowing in a container is possible. Here, however, more water supply is required than in plants that grow in the garden.

Worth knowing about real chamomile soon

  • The chamomile usually grows in bulk at debris and field edges and prefers open, nutrient-rich soils.
  • It is relatively undemanding and has proven itself on open, wind-protected terrain.
  • Although chamomile is annual and flowers from May to August, it generally reproduces by discarding the flower heads.
  • The entire plant can reach a height of 20-50 cm.
Location
  • When cultivating chamomile, it is important to note that sowing too early may cause the plants to sprout too high.
  • Therefore, it is advisable for the cultivation of chamomile already warmer weather without frost.
  • Ideally you start sowing in early August.
  • Chamomile prefers neutral to alkaline soils, as well as not too humid locations, making it well suited for a balcony or bedding culture.
sowing
  • The advantage of sowing in August is that you can grow the most efficiently without risking hibernation.
  • Spring cultivation, preferably in April, generally means that you will usually be able to enjoy significantly more single flowers.
Depending on the type of sowing different things are to be considered. On the one hand, it is possible to leave the head of the plant left over from the previous year in the bed or to graft it to the desired location for renewed cultivation, which amounts to a natural increase. This type of cultivation has the advantage that it is less expensive than the cultivation of seeds. Although the flowers do not blow away as fast as the seeds, but if you want to use the flowers and their healing effect, another method of sowing is required. For this purpose, seed mixtures are commercially available, the cultivation of which is described below.
  • Before sowing, the bed should be freed from residues of previous sowing or harvesting and divided into fine grooves.
  • It is recommended a distance of about 30-35 cm between each plant.
  • Seed seeds should be lightly pressed, but not covered with soil, as camomile is a light germ.
  • Germination takes place in appropriate weather conditions within one week.
Care and use of chamomile
  • Chamomile also thrives on relatively nutrient-poor soils, which often makes the addition of fertilizer superfluous.
  • Straight nitrogen-containing mixtures lead to unsightly growths.
  • Chamomile is unresponsive to many diseases, but occasionally powdery mildew or fungi can be found in the roots.
  • In this case, the affected plant should be disposed of in isolation.
In addition to aphids, there are also infestations with chamomile beetles, which eat up the flower heads. The following tips should be followed for healthy growth and harvesting:
  • Never pour camomile too hard. The floor should be moist but never wet.
  • If the stock is about hand-high, it is worth using a machine hoe to prevent weeds.
  • When the flower is two-thirds open, it's time to harvest.
  • For optimum results, the crop is dried at 35 to 45° C and then sieved.
  • Store the dried flowers in dry rooms!
  • Use the chamomile flowers as tea or for the extraction of essential oils and to relieve inflammation, cramps or stomach aches.
Danger: Camomile can cause allergies!

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