The Content Of The Article:
- 1. Orange-red carnation
- 2. Campion
- 3. stuffed carnationThe filled flowers of the carnation have a very special charisma and shine particularly intense. In autumn, the bright red...
- 5. Cuckoo-Cloves
- 6. Crown-carnation
- 7. White carnation
- 8. Dwarf carnation
- 9. Campion Vesuvius
- 10. Crown-carnation Alba
- Clove species in a short portrait
Experts expect more than 500 carnations worldwide. We would like to introduce you to some of the 10 most beautiful and popular ones.
The list of carnations is long, how long? This can be argued. Carl von Linné called the genus mid-18th century as "Silene". At that time, Linnaeus assigned a whole range of glue plants, such as the crown or the cuckoo's clove, to the pitchfork. At the beginning of the 19th century, many of the cichlids were assigned to the carnations. The dispute between Licht- and Pechnelke seems to endure today. Since the botanists will probably never quite agree, it can be estimated that more than 500 "Silenen" are assumed. About 730 species are considered as synonyms, while carnations are dubbed as cucumbers or vice versa. To stop confusion, let's take a closer look at some of the most popular carnations.
1. Orange-red carnation
A special feature is the striking orange-red flower. A nice contrast to this is the wine red foliage. The flowers of about 30 centimeters high growing plants appear in midsummer. The orange-red carnation is a sun child and tolerates longer periods of drought. Substrate with a high humus content is ideal. The plants are suitable for beds, borders or rockeries. The plants are hardy to -20 degrees.
" Tip: The orange-red carnation is a popular cut flower.
This attractive carnation has particularly striking scarlet, filled flower heads. The plants carry, due to the striking flower shape, also the nickname Maltese Cross. In our latitudes the Campion flowers between June and July. On an inflorescence, up to 50 flowers may appear. The original home of the Campion is in Russia and northern China. Through Turkey, the plant found its way to Europe in the 16th century. Poet Prince Goethe is said to have found the plants particularly attractive as garden ornaments. The hobby gardener chooses a sunny location if possible for the attractive bedding planting. The plants are frost hardy and are considered popular cut flowers.
3. stuffed carnation
The filled flowers of the carnation have a very special charisma and shine particularly intense. In autumn, the bright red color of the leaves impresses. The cut flower prefers a nutrient-poor soil, which should be as dry as possible and slightly acidic. In peasant or heather gardens, the plant is particularly good effect. If you choose a sunny spot, the plant can reach heights of growth of up to 40 centimeters and the pretty flowers are distributed throughout the stem. The best planting time is in early March to early December. The plants survive even severe winters undamaged.
4. Alpine carnation
The Alpine carnation grows only five to ten centimeters high. Between May and July, the flowers appear in different shades of red on the bare stems. The robust plants grow in alpine areas on barren, lime-poor soils. The plant occurs at altitudes of 3,000 meters. Also on the coasts of northern Europe you can find the alpen-carnation. The plants love a fresh and well drained soil. Longer dry sections are tolerated. A pruning after flow promotes the re-emergence.
The natural home of the Cuckoo's carnation are swamps and bogs. Therefore, a particularly humid location should be chosen in the home garden. There are different cultivars in the trade. These include "White Robin" or "Nana". As of May, the pink flowers, which look particularly attractive and nostalgic with their fringed edge. Cuckoo carnations grow in their natural habitat, in Europe and western Asia up to altitudes of 2,000 meters. Frequently, the plant shows on its stems foam balls, which are called cuckoo saliva and gave the plant its name. The cause of this peculiarity is not the cuckoo, but it is the larvae of the foam cicada, which prefers the plant.
" Tip: The cuckoo carnation appears particularly attractive on the garden pond.
With a stature height of up to 70 centimeters, the crowned carnations are among the largest representatives of their kind. The plants handle very well with dryness and have no problem with salt. Therefore, the crown-carnations thrive even on the roadside. The easy-care flowering plant is available in different varieties. These include "Alba", "Oculata" or "Atrosanguinea". Since the plants sow themselves, many years provide a splash of color in the bed.The soil should be well drained, as the plant tolerates no waterlogging. In the cold season, the crown-carnation needs no special protection.
7. White carnation
The white carnation grows wild along the edges or on fields. Even in the cottage garden, the plant is valued, infatuated with its fragrant flower and attracts butterflies. With its late flowering the plant is still in September an eye-catcher in the bed. White carnations only open their flowers in the afternoon. This is a peculiarity of the plant species. The scent of the plants attracts butterflies. Especially in the evening unfolds the scent of flowers. The plant is found in our latitudes in low mountain ranges and occurs in the Allgäu Alps up to 1,500 meters in height. A sunny location is ideal for the plant. The suitable substrate is a clay rich clay soil.
8. Dwarf carnation
Dwarf carnations are 20 to 25 inches high and prefer to grow in a sunny spot. A dry substrate is tolerated. The soil should always be well drained, because waterlogging is not tolerated. Dwarf carnations are suitable for flowerbeds and rockeries. The strikingly large flowers are an eye-catcher. The plants are very hardy and can be planted until December.
9. Campion Vesuvius
The striking orange-red flower gave its name to the carnation Vesuvius. The bronze foliage also contributes to the attractiveness of the plant. A sunny location is preferred by the growth and flowering plants. The soil should be loose and nutritious. Compost can be mixed in as a slow-release fertilizer. After flowering, the plants retreat and do not drift until spring. The plants are perennial and good frost hardy.
10. Crown-carnation Alba
The white and simple flowers are the figurehead of this breeding form of the crown-carnation. The plants grow vigorously and are undemanding. It can reach heights of growth of up to 70 centimeters. Already in the 15th century, the plants were proven to be cultivated. The flowering period is from July to August. A full sun in the bed is recommended.
Clove species in a short portrait
|Orange-red carnation||orange blossom|
wine red foliage
does not have to be fertilized
|Campion||striking flower form|
ornamental plant from Turkey
grows up to 80 inches high
bright red flowers
|Stuffed carnation||filled flowers|
long flowering time
prefers nutrient-poor soils
especially frost hardy
|Alpine Catchfly||low growth height|
grows up to 3,000 meters altitude
tolerates prolonged dryness
|Ragged Robin||fringed flowers|
grows in bogs and marshes
thrives at altitudes of 2,000 meters
"Cuckoo saliva" due to foamy cicadas
|Silene coronaria||tolerates dryness|
grows on the roadside
makes few claims
|White carnation||is liked by butterflies|
Flowers only open in the afternoon
strong fragrant flowers
grows up to 1,500 meters altitude
|Dwarf Campion||likes to be in full sun|
tolerates dry soil
striking large flowers
attractive foliage coloring
|Campion Vesuvius||orange-red flower color|
attractive bedding plant
|Crown-carnation Alba||simple, white flowers|
makes few claims
prefers barren floors