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The Canary Island Date Palm gives the living room, conservatory or even the terrace a tropical flair and is easy to maintain. Therefore, it is also great for beginners and anyone who does not have a green thumb. Despite their undemanding nature, the culture of the Phoenix canariensis needs to be respected.
LocationThe Canary date palm comes from tropical climes and therefore needs a warm and sunny location. It tolerates room temperatures all year round, but may be outdoors from spring to late summer.
Above all, it is important that it receives enough light. A dark corner of the room is therefore unsuitable. Better are areas in the immediate vicinity of the windows or the conservatory. Furthermore, it should be noted that the Phoenix canariensis can reach considerable volumes - and in a relatively short time. There should be enough space at the location so also.
substratumThe Canary date palm needs a nutrient-rich, well-drained and slightly acidic substrate. The soil should also have moderate, moisture-retaining properties. Well suited is therefore a mixture of:
- well rotted compost
- potting soil
- Palm earth
Tip: To avoid waterlogging, a drainage layer should be placed in the planter. Ideal for this are potsherds, expanded clay or coarse gravel. Again, mixtures of the individual components are possible.
Plants and planter
The Phoenix canariensis has an annual increase of about 50 centimeters, if care and location are optimal. That may not sound like much at first, but it means a potential growth of 1.5 meters in three years. In addition, a tribe develops over time, but usually stays very short in terms of culture indoors. The growth mainly refers to the length of the palm fronds and thus to the size of the plant.
Typical diseases, pests and care mistakesAs a rule, diseases and pests only affect the Canary date palm if it is weakened and therefore more susceptible due to a defect in care. Typical in these cases are:
Journal calluses disease
The disease is expressed by black spots on the leaves. One risk factor is a location with too little light and too high temperatures at the same time.
This widespread fungal infection manifests itself in the form of almost circular, light to dark brown spots on the leaves or fronds. Cold and very hard irrigation water can increase the risk of infection.
The pests are noticeable by fine weaving between the leaves and occur preferably in winter, when dry and warm heating air to create the plant. A cool winter and the spraying or showering the Canary date palm remedy.
The parasites are recognizable by brownish, raised structures, which are to be found preferably at the sheet approaches and undersides. These 0.6 to 0.8 millimeter-sized structures are the scale insects themselves. They also occur especially in dry, warm indoor air.
The pests are light to white and have a woolly, greasy hair on. They typically spread in winter when the crop is too warm and too dry. If the Phoenix canariensis is attacked by pests or diseases, on the one hand the culture conditions should be checked and on the other hand appropriate means of control should be used. Preventive effect a coordinated culture as well as the spraying, showering or damp wiping the palm fronds.