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The Cape Gooseberry is also called Anddenbeere and belongs to the genus Physalis. Her botanical name is Physalis peruviana, Most people know the Cape Gooseberry only as an exotic fruit from the supermarket, which is also used as a decoration at a buffet.
You can grow them in the garden similar to tomatoes in Central Europe.
Care of the Cape Gooseberry
The Cape Gooseberry prefers full sunshine cookies. The substrate should be low in nutrients and acidic, neutral or alkaline. This plant does not need to be fertilized if it grows in a normal garden soil. It is best to mulch them. Over-fertilization can lead to too high a nutrient content, which in turn leads to increased shoot growth, which is at the expense of flowering and fruit.
Special attention must not be paid to irrigation. It is crucial that the Cape Gooseberry does not dry out, as it is very sensitive to dryness.
A cut is only necessary if it is a multi-year culture. In this case, the physalis is severely cut back to 1/3 to 1/2 in the spring.
The wintering of Cape Gooseberry is basically possible because it grows in nature as a perennial plant. Since this is a tropical plant, hibernation should be light and cool, but not cold. Temperatures around 15 degrees Celsius are considered ideal. A heated staircase is usually perfect.
In addition, there are also some varieties that are frost hardy and easily tolerate temperatures of up to minus ten degrees Celsius. But very few hobby gardeners do this work. The Cape Gooseberry can be easily pulled out of seeds and carries already in the first year after sowing. Therefore, it is usually cultivated in Germany only as an annual plant.
Cultivation of the Cape Gooseberry
If you want to multiply the Cape Gooseberry, it is best to remove the fruit with a toothpick, the small, soft seeds, which are directly in the fruit and which you usually mitisst. These are, if necessary, cleaned and then dried. From the beginning of February you can sow them seeds, as the seedlings bloom as early as possible and can ripen the fruit faster.
There are no special features when sowing. With respect to the substrate, simple, normal potting soil is quite sufficient. The important thing is to cover the seeds with some soil and make sure that the soil is kept evenly moist. Ideally, this plant is grown in a miniature greenhouse on the windowsill. The location should be as light as possible, taking care that the plants are not exposed to direct sunlight.
Furthermore, make sure in the mini greenhouse that there is good ventilation, so that no drops of water form on the windows. It only takes a few days to a week for the plants to germinate. If the conditions are not ideal, the germination time is extended by several weeks.
From mid-May, after the sacred ice, you can then put the seedlings in the open, preferably in a full sun. Here the Cape Gooseberry should be planted with a distance of about 60 centimeters to each other.
Cape gooseberry as food
The fruits of the Cape Gooseberry can be eaten and the best raw. They are considered very healthy because they are rich in vitamin C, provitamin A and B vitamins. On the other hand, the Cape Gooseberry is also very high in calories. 100 grams of this fruit contain 76 kcal. However, one must also know in this context that the rest of the plant is poisonous. You can snack on the Cape Gooseberry straight from its papery, brown shell. By the way, you can not eat these.
Every now and then the fruits are provided with a sticky layer, which can be washed off easily. From August you can harvest the cherry-sized and orange berries, which are not only delicious as a treat, but also look very attractive as a decoration. In addition, you can refine salads and fruit salads with the Cape Gooseberry.