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Banana plants are fast-growing plants that love the sun and warmth. There are banana plants for the room culture, but also for the outdoor culture. Winter hardy banana plants are increasingly growing in German gardens.
In their care actually quite undemanding, but they ask the one, or other challenge to their owners. Even the dwarf banana - for the room culture - easily reaches the 2-meter mark and this is already the first big problem for their owners. Because the banana plant can not be cut back, like other plants that are a bit too big. Another problem brings the winter with it. The banana tree loves bright and also needs enough light to thrive. So in winter this could be a problem. But here you can provide with planting lights for additional light. Easy to use, but not undemanding would be the right terms, if you should describe the banana plant in a few words. Here are some important information and tips on how to take on your banana plant without being shipwrecked.
- Location of the banana plant
All banana species love and need sun. Therefore, you should also put the banana as close to the window, in the summer, however, from direct sunlight - through the window strengthens the power of the sun - absolutely protect. Maintain fresh air, especially in summer. A tilted window near the site does the banana plant well. Not only a lot of light, but also a lot of warmth is expected. It should be colder than 15 degrees Celsius in the room where the plant never stands. Temperatures around 20 degrees Celsius are better. Since the bananas are native to tropical Southeast Asia, high humidity is also a must. Especially in winter, due to the dry heating air, the banana plants suffer from dehydration. Therefore, spray extensively several times a day. The ideal humidity is just over 50%. In summer, ornamental bananas can also be taken outdoors to a sunny spot. Here, however, it should be noted that the thin leaves can tear in the wind.
- Water and nutrient requirements
Large leaves form a large evaporation surface. For this reason, the banana plant needs a lot of water, especially in summer. A generous drainage layer in the pot ensures that the water is well drained from the roots. Waterlogging and wet feet tolerate the plant just as little as lasting dryness. Also, if the plant stands on a coaster, or in a planter, you should never pour it from below. Always from the top. The nutrient requirement is moderate. The banana is one of the few plants that want to be fertilized in winter, if only sparingly. In order to achieve optimal growth and good health, the banana plant should receive a commercially available liquid fertilizer once a week in spring and summer according to the manufacturer's instructions. Once a month in autumn and winter. Due to the rapid growth of the banana must be repotted again and again. Clay pots and a good drainage should form the basic idea.
With seeds, Ensete ventricosum is propagated and that is absolutely unproblematic. For this purpose, the seeds are best soaked overnight. The next day, the seed can be planted in a sand-peat mixture. The pot should be covered with cling film to provide tense air. The seed germinates best at a temperature of 25 degrees Celsius. By Kindel - offshoot - one multiplies the dwarf banana Musa acuminata. The plant forms over time again and again new plants on the stem of the mother plant. If necessary, you can easily remove the Kindel - preferably when repotting - and plant in a new pot. It is best to take Kindel, which has reached about 1/3 of the size of the mother plant. These also have roots that are strong enough to supply the plant.
- Other notes
Although the banana plant is quite easy to maintain, care mistakes can occur, but these are usually noticed relatively quickly. If one pours too little, or if the humidity is constantly too low, the plants get brown, dry leaf margins. This can only help if you water more and spray the plant more often. If the banana loses leaves, it is a clear sign that it is too cold or too dark (or both). However, such plants should not be disposed of. Just imagine brighter and warmer and they drive - if there are no other care mistakes - at the latest in the spring again. Too dry air attracts the red spider. This must be collected and in the future to ensure increased humidity.