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No one has to do without houseplants. No matter if there is only a north and south window, if the green thumb is missing or just the time. Nature has something for everyone. Especially indoors, the most beautiful, exotic plants can be used. True to the motto "how and where". Anyone who does everything right in terms of light, temperature, water and nutrients will enjoy their green roommates in a healthy indoor climate.
Before buying a plant, the consideration of which locations I have available, although only indirectly for the care, but can much facilitate. The more perfect the site meets the demands of the plant, the healthier and stronger it grows. That is, best before the purchase of the houseplant the desired location according to its characteristics (direction, radiator, window, corner, humidity, etc.) tap. Should it be a cactus, an orchid, a fern or an African violet? The indications of origin of the plants often tell us their preferred location. Most house plants need a place without extremes. Tip: If there are not enough suitable locations available, you can consider working with plant lamps inside the room.
Another influence on the care of indoor plants is the choice of the right substrate. Most common house plants get along well with good all-round potting soil. If you want to offer your plant the perfect substrate, you have to spend a bit of time with your natural habitat. Universal potting soil is usually put together according to the lowest common denominator; economic interests also play a role. Almost always, the substrate can be individually refine to the respective plant or even put together yourself. The most important factors are:
- the permeability to water, nutrients and air
- the pH
Too much or too little, these are the most common care mistakes. Particularly fatal is the coincidence of too much water and bad drainage, so waterlogging. In order to do everything right here, it is worth keeping an eye on the following five factors when casting:
- plant species
- growth phase
- indoor climate
1. The water hardness
Almost all house plants prefer soft to medium-hard irrigation water. The easiest way to win it is through trapped rainwater or stale tap water.
2. Pour or dive
To maintain a consistently optimal humidity for the respective houseplant is almost impossible. Plants are accustomed to be exposed to a certain extent, sometimes even dry or wet times. Therefore, most plants appreciate that their root bales are completely soaked by immersion in a water bath now and then.
In principle, therefore, an individual treatment is preferable when casting. Most indoor plants appreciate being cast only when the substrate is quite dry. Here, a, not just superficial, finger test can be helpful. In the resting phase, usually in winter, may be poured less frequently. However, care must be taken throughout the year as to whether dry heating air or strong sunshine requires more frequent watering or not. Tip: Many exotic plants, especially from the tropics and subtropics, require a high level of humidity. It is not enough to water here alone. You can either place containers with water next to them and spray the plants frequently with water.
In order to absorb nutrients, only a tiny soil biotope is available to indoor plants. That's why regular fertilizer supplies are of vital importance.Fresh good potting soil initially contains enough nutrients. But fast-growing and above all flowering plants need extra fertilizer regularly. But beware, just by the restriction of the habitat, it can also quickly come to an over-fertilization. Most common indoor plants use a universal liquid fertilizer, which is added to the irrigation water every 14 days. The need for a special weighting of the proportions of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus in a fertilizer may be due to the plant species or the growth phase. Quite roughly, the fertilizer components can be classified as follows:
- Nitrogen: is responsible for the formation of chlorophyll, ie the green parts and the general growth of the plant
- Potassium: is important for a lush flowering
- Phosphorus: is needed for strong and healthy roots
Perhaps this is an aspect of care that many are not aware of, cleaning the leaves. Actually quite logical, because even plants need a "free nose" for their gas exchange. This means that the leaves of houseplants should be regularly freed from dust and other debris. So at least once a month is plant cleaning day. This is also a good opportunity to prevent plant pests.
Every two years, or at the latest when the flowerpot is fully rooted, it needs to be repotted. This is best done after the winter season, but before the growth period. A larger pot, as well as fresh substrate is used. The most important factors in repotting:
- create a good drainage layer (potsherds, above that gravel or sand, then potting soil)
- Carefully remove roots from the old soil
- when refilling with new soil, repeatedly push open the pot to avoid air holes
- pour until the water runs down
- do not fertilize after the first 4-6 weeks
Who pours his houseplants as needed and cleans regularly, will often recognize pests or conspicuous diseases in the early stages. Then, by removing the affected areas or rinsing the pests, the worst can be prevented. Thereafter, the location or the care parameters must be improved accordingly. Indoor plants grow in isolation outside their natural biotope, which makes them particularly vulnerable. They are usually unable to regenerate themselves, for example with the help of predators from the environment.
Conclusion of the editorship
With a houseplant you get not only clean air and a beautiful decoration in the house. Houseplants are also living things. As such, they have individual requirements for light, water and nutrients. When shopping you should therefore have a look at the special needs of the houseplant and know how much time you want to invest for the care.
Interesting facts about houseplant care shortly
Individual plant care
It is important to consider that each plant needs its own special care. So there are very easy-care flowers among the houseplants, for which one does not need a green thumb and which thrive nevertheless lush. Known examples of this are the window leaf, also called Monstera, the yucca palm or the rubber tree. But also in the flowering plants there are numerous easy-to-care representatives, such as Usambara or cyclamen. The orchid is one of the indoor plants that need little care.
- Who wants to decorate a window seat with beautiful plants, should pay particular attention to the lighting needs of the plant.
- Here it is advisable to take a guide to hand, for example, to put together only plants that tolerate midday sun.
- Plant care tips for indoor plants are usually found when buying the plant on the pot.
Many household tips replace fertilizer, save money, and help maintain and fertilize every houseplant perfectly. It also includes tips that help you quickly remove pests from the plant without chemicals.
- A wonderful and very inexpensive fertilizer is coffee grounds. This is distributed evenly on the soil in the flower pots. Fertilization then sets in with every watering. Of course, the coffee grounds must be renewed regularly.
- Even cold potato water for pouring is a cheap alternative to fertilizer from specialist retailers. However, only unsalted water should be used here! The nutrients contained in the potato water are important for the healthy growth of the plants.
- The same function also applies to water used to cook an egg.