Carnivorous plants attitude: Basics to care and feeding


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Carnivorous plants attitude: Basics to care and feeding: attitude

Carnivorous plants are an exceptional group of plants in botany, both in their exotic form and their dietary habits. The carnivores have special demands on the plant substrate, and most varieties need a lot of light in their location. Also in the irrigation water compromises must not be made, otherwise the plants wither quickly and do not form beautiful traps.

Location

Carnivorous plants can not tolerate too dark locations, so the plant should stand in a spot right by the window. The windowsill does not always have to be south-facing, many varieties also arrange themselves with a window to the east or west. North-facing windows are usually far too dark, as are indoor locations that have too little light. An exception is the Fettkraut, which can flourish also at a north window. In addition, a place directly above a radiator is also not suitable because the air dries out too fast. In this case, dry parts of the plant, a harmful circumstance for the sensitive plants. During the warm summer months, the carnivores can move outdoors, but they also need high humidity there.
  • Need an extremely sunny location
  • Optimal is a south window
  • Heat requirement depends on the type
  • Avoid too hot midday sun
  • Shadow too much sunlight
  • Pay attention to permanently high humidity, 70% are sufficient
  • Perfect locations are terrariums or aquariums
  • Never completely close containers to prevent heat build-up
  • In summer you can move outdoors, either garden, terrace or balcony
  • Cultivate native varieties in the Moorbeet
Tip: If the location has too little light, then you can also use artificial light. Ideal are bulbs with 120 to 150 watts per square meter, so that the carnivorous plant stands sufficiently bright.

Cultivate in the Moorbeet

Marsh jug - Heliamphora

There is plenty of creative freedom in the moor-bed, but no foreign nutrients should enter this habitat. For this reason, no trees or bushes should be nearby. Furthermore, predators are in the open-air attitude a problem, so the peat bog needs an additional protection device. Otherwise it can come to a fatal attack of snails and birds.
  • Lay out suitable place with waterproof pond liner
  • Fill with plant substrate and keep constantly moist
  • Pay attention to sunny location
  • Install water tank
  • Ideal for sundew, greens and periwinkles
  • Tighten narrow mesh wire mesh for protection

plant substrate

The carnivores need a very specific plant substrate, which is mixed from different components. These mixtures are available in stores, but they are not very cheap. Anyone who has already gained some experience with cultivating carnivorous plants can also mix the substrate together themselves. It should be noted that the respective proportions of the ingredients are put together depending on the corresponding variety. If the conditions are not right, this can have a negative effect on the crops. For this reason, beginners should rather rely on the help of professionals. Nurseries specialized in carnivores also offer purposive mixtures that can improve plant growth.
  • Need a nutrient-poor plant substrate
  • Never use normal garden or potting soil
  • Ideal is special carnivorous soil
  • Observe the basic needs of the varieties
  • Alternatively, white peat can be mixed with quartz sand
  • Plant substrate must not contain fertilizer
  • Finished blends include quartz gravel, coconut fiber, quartz sand, perlite and vermiculite
  • There are special special mixtures available from specialist retailers
  • Beginners should not take risks with the substrate

Pouring & fertilizing

Venus Flytrap

The Venus flytrap thrives in both the moorland and in the room culture, however, the plants usually fall from the fall back to the rootstock.
  • Requires a lot of sun
  • High humidity in summer
  • Ideal is terrarium or additional glass bowl
  • Healthy and strong specimens survive even frosty winters
  • Keep houseplants cooler in winter, at 5-10° C
  • Lower humidity during the winter months
  • Do not feed and do not fertilize
sundew

Fettkraut - Pinguicula

The butterwort in botany is called Pinguicula vulgaris and thrives best outdoors. Unlike other carnivores, this variety is not particularly demanding in terms of humidity.
  • Belongs to the glue traps
  • Ideal for the moorland
  • Alternatively in pots in the garden, on the balcony or the terrace
  • Prefers partially shaded locations
  • Can also hibernate outdoors
  • Forms flowers in summer
water hose

Water hose - Utricularia

The water hose bears the botanical name Utricularia sandersonii and can be well cultivated in the pot. However, the planter should always be in the water, so that the plant does not dry out.
  • Bright location
  • Avoid direct midday sun
  • Requires high humidity, fill coasters with 2-3 cm of water
  • Clean the coaster regularly and thoroughly
  • Forms pretty flowers
Pitcher plant

Tube plant sarracenia

The pitcher plant is called in the botany Nepenthes and forms can-shaped traps, which are responsible for catching small insects.
  • Bright, but not too sunny location
  • Delicate plant burns in the midday sun
  • Pay attention to shadows during lunchtime
  • Increase humidity by spraying regularly

repotting

Since the carnivorous plants should always be kept moist, a regular change of the plant substrate is advisable. Otherwise it can come to a mold infestation, which provides an ideal breeding ground for other diseases. The used substrate should be completely replaced in order to prevent deficiencies. However, it is not always necessary to replace the entire flower pot, the roots grow slowly, but steadily. Only when the vessel is too small and show roots on the outside, a change is necessary.
  • Repot every spring
  • Use fresh and airy plant substrate
  • Roots are extremely sensitive
  • Avoid damage at all costs
  • Careful handling is advised
  • Slowly detach substrate, under a warm shower
  • Protect traps and leaves from repotting
  • Wrap with cardboard or foil

To cut

Carnivorous plants are not dependent on a shaping pruning. Only the dead plant parts should be removed. If the plant gets too big and takes up too much space in the aquarium or terrarium, it should be better shared. In this way the growth can be controlled in a natural way.
  • Periodically remove completely dried parts
  • Be careful
  • Cutting weakens the plants only unnecessarily

overwinter

Fettkraut - Pinguicula

The winter season is a difficult phase for the carnivorous plants, as they often get too little light during this time. If the location cools at the same time, then this circumstance does not negatively affect the carnivores. However, most living spaces are heated and therefore warm even in winter for long periods of time. In addition, some of the carnivorous plants take a break and therefore need a cooler winter quarters.
  • Too dark but warm locations with plant lamps brighten
  • Depending on the variety, an external winter quarter is required
  • The ideal location is bright, with temperatures between 5-10° C
  • It offers bright corridors and unused guest rooms
  • When temperatures are too cool, growth stops
  • Leaves turn brown in the wrong conditions

multiply

The multiplication of the carnivores can be done in different ways, which are not all that easy. That's why better only breeders with relevant experience should do this. It requires extreme sensitivity and daily care and inspection of the plants. Carnivorous plants can be propagated with the help of seeds, cuttings and the division of rhizomes.
seed
  • Seeds do not last long
  • For some varieties, seeds require prior treatment
  • Either pretreat with cold or heat
  • Almost all varieties are light germs
  • Only lay seeds loosely on the plant substrate
  • Keep constantly moist
leaf cuttings
  • Press cuttings onto fresh plant substrate
  • Then cover petiole with some substrate
  • Cuttings are immediately rooted in the substrate
  • Alternatively, place the cut in glass with distilled water and cover
  • Always keep young plants moist at the beginning
  • Slowly get used to normal casting units
root cuttings
  • Separate healthy piece of root
  • Plant separately
  • Keep well moist at first
  • Weak specimens do not tolerate this method
Rhizomteilung
  • Remove the plant completely from the pot
  • Break into several parts
  • Plant individual parts separately
  • Always be careful

Diseases & pests

Venus Flytrap

When conditions and care are right, diseases rarely occur. Before the attack with pests, the plants are difficult to protect. Therefore, the carnivores should be checked regularly for an infestation and first signs of disease. In the initial stage, it is very easy to take appropriate countermeasures.
gray
  • Occurs especially in the winter season
  • Ideal breeding grounds are too moist and cold conditions
  • Remove infected parts immediately
  • Give significantly less casting units
  • Place affected plants in isolation
  • Choose bright and airy location
  • For prevention, regularly remove dead plant parts
Mold in the plant substrate
  • Only visually a problem
  • Remedy by timely repotting
  • Use airy substrate
  • Ventilate the location regularly
  • Water less in winter
aphids
  • Growths are sensitive to infestation
  • Rinse insects carefully with soapy water
  • For extremely delicate plants, use an aphid spray to fight
  • Use preventive suppositories with long-term effect
Scale insects
  • Very harmful, can lead to the death of the plant
  • Particularly vulnerable are hard-leaved varieties
  • Use solution with Kontralineum
  • Remedy provides leaf gloss spray

Carnivorous pitcher plants


spider mites
  • Ideal is timely detection
  • Fight with aphid or mite spray
tracked
  • For outdoor stay possible
  • Gather riddled pests from the plant
snails
  • When cultivating in the moorland possible
  • Collect and remove
  • Preventively use slug pellets

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