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It does not matter if it is cayenne pepper, paprika or hot pepper - it always means chilli plants. Their pod-like fruits have become indispensable in modern cooking. Sure, that you think about the cultivation in your own garden. The chili cultivation is relatively simple and often leads to a lush harvest. Those who like it hot and who love fascinating plants can not avoid it.
ChilisChili plants are native to Central and South America, but today are cultivated in many parts of the world. They belong to the family Solanaceae. Its general Latin name is Capsicum annuum. Above all, the plants need warmth and a rather tropical climate to grow and thrive. However, cultivation in this country outside of greenhouses is possible, if one observes a few basic rules. If the plants are up to 80 centimeters tall, they usually produce pod-shaped fruits, which in turn can grow up to 30 centimeters long, depending on the species. Chilli plants are extremely easy to care for and relatively undemanding. In general, one can count on a big harvest, which in any case more than covers the own needs.
LocationSince Capsicum annuum is originally native to very warm regions, the plants absolutely need a sunny spot in the garden. Incidentally, this also applies if they are cultivated in a planter. Warmth and abundant sun are in a sense the basic prerequisites for succeeding in the cultivation of chilies. So before you decide to start, you should check the site conditions very closely. Under normal circumstances, of course, there is a place in almost every garden that is suitable for it. Alternatively, of course, always growing in a greenhouse possible. Chili plants may also thrive in a very sunny location in the home. Anyone who decides to cultivate in the tub, it is better on the terrace or balcony, since the plants can be very large.
Note: Chilli plants tolerate no frost and therefore may not be brought outdoors until night frosts are definitely ruled out.
- Suitable substrate is conventional, relatively nutrient poor potting soil, which should be mixed with Perlite for better air permeability
- The room temperature should be more or less constant around 25 degrees Celsius
- The plant substrate is kept moist, but it must not cause waterlogging
- It takes about one to two weeks for the seeds to germinate
Tip: Those who have no planters can also use empty and well-cleaned yogurt cups or other such containers. It is advisable to provide these with holes to avoid any waterlogging.
plant outThe young chili plants can only be released into the open air when it is guaranteed that ground frost will no longer be expected. As a rule, this should be the case from mid-May at the latest. The plants are taken from their containers and planted in the soil in a bed. To do this, it is best to lift a small hollow out by hand or with a garden shovel. It is important when planting that the entire leafless part of the style disappears underground. The soil should have been previously enriched with compost and perlite. Then the soil is lightly pressed and poured well. It is advisable from the start to plant a stalk on which the chilies are best tied with bast to give them more stability. If several chilies are planted, the distance should be at least 40 centimeters.
Cultivation in the bucketIf you prefer to cultivate your chili plants in a planter, you can do that relatively easily. Since the chilies impress with beautiful flowers and later with colorful fruits, the plants are of course perfect as an eye-catcher for the balcony or the terrace.In the case of bucket cultivation, of course, the planter and the plant substrate are of great importance. The vessel must have a drain hose for the water. In addition, a drainage of gravel or potsherds should be created. In turn, the plant substrate - preferably conventional garden soil - is ideally enriched with compost and perlite. Otherwise, the principles for cultivating buckets of chilies, which are also relevant for the cultivation in the garden. The site must therefore get plenty of sun in any case.
- Ideal casting time are the evening hours
- It must not be poured under blazing sunlight (midday sun)
- Always pour generously, but avoid waterlogging
harvestIt takes a while until the fruits of the chilli plants are ripe and ready to be harvested. As a rule of thumb, the maturity is sufficient from the end of August. However, one can not apply this blanket. It can last well into October. It is not just about maturity, but also about taste. In turn, it is crucial for how much sun the plants have got: the more sun, the more flavor. A clear sign that crops can now be harvested and harvested is when the pods on the plant start to crumble. The pods should never be torn off easily. It is much better to cut them off the plant with a pruning shears.
Tip: When harvesting chili peppers, it is recommended to wear gloves and possibly goggles so as not to be a victim of the possible sharpness of the fruit.
Chili peppers can be used in a variety of ways. Either you eat them raw right after the harvest or you cook them or you freeze them for a later time. The awakening is of course possible. However, one of the most popular methods nowadays is the drying of the pods. However, it should be noted that this is not possible with any kind or variety without any problems - unless you use a dehydrator. In principle, only thin-bodied pods are suitable for drying in air. These include the following varieties:
- Hot Cayenne
- Dutch Red
- Great chili