Cayenne pepper growing chili plants - sowing, care and harvest

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Cayenne pepper growing chili plants - sowing, care and harvest: plants

It does not matter if it is cayenne pepper, paprika or hot pepper - it always means chilli plants. Their pod-like fruits have become indispensable in modern cooking. Sure, that you think about the cultivation in your own garden. The chili cultivation is relatively simple and often leads to a lush harvest. Those who like it hot and who love fascinating plants can not avoid it.


Chili plants are native to Central and South America, but today are cultivated in many parts of the world. They belong to the family Solanaceae. Its general Latin name is Capsicum annuum. Above all, the plants need warmth and a rather tropical climate to grow and thrive. However, cultivation in this country outside of greenhouses is possible, if one observes a few basic rules. If the plants are up to 80 centimeters tall, they usually produce pod-shaped fruits, which in turn can grow up to 30 centimeters long, depending on the species. Chilli plants are extremely easy to care for and relatively undemanding. In general, one can count on a big harvest, which in any case more than covers the own needs.


Since Capsicum annuum is originally native to very warm regions, the plants absolutely need a sunny spot in the garden. Incidentally, this also applies if they are cultivated in a planter. Warmth and abundant sun are in a sense the basic prerequisites for succeeding in the cultivation of chilies. So before you decide to start, you should check the site conditions very closely. Under normal circumstances, of course, there is a place in almost every garden that is suitable for it. Alternatively, of course, always growing in a greenhouse possible. Chili plants may also thrive in a very sunny location in the home. Anyone who decides to cultivate in the tub, it is better on the terrace or balcony, since the plants can be very large.
Note: Chilli plants tolerate no frost and therefore may not be brought outdoors until night frosts are definitely ruled out.


Chilli - Capsicum

Before the chilis can be brought to their final location, they must first be sown. Basically, you can buy young plants in the garden shop or in hardware stores. However, it is more satisfying and usually also more satisfying to work with seeds. You can either buy it in the trade or win it from ripe chili peppers - no matter if you have them from the supermarket or from your own garden. The sowing takes place basically in planting or nursery shells. It is important that it happens very early in the year. January has proved to be ideal. The following should be noted:
  • Suitable substrate is conventional, relatively nutrient poor potting soil, which should be mixed with Perlite for better air permeability
  • The room temperature should be more or less constant around 25 degrees Celsius
  • The plant substrate is kept moist, but it must not cause waterlogging
  • It takes about one to two weeks for the seeds to germinate
Once the seedlings have formed the first leaves over the earth, they can be converted into larger planters, but then of course still have to remain in the house or apartment. Already the young plants need a lot of light. A sunny location by the window is therefore an absolute must. However, they should be slowly accustomed to the sunlight.
Tip: Those who have no planters can also use empty and well-cleaned yogurt cups or other such containers. It is advisable to provide these with holes to avoid any waterlogging.

plant out

The young chili plants can only be released into the open air when it is guaranteed that ground frost will no longer be expected. As a rule, this should be the case from mid-May at the latest. The plants are taken from their containers and planted in the soil in a bed. To do this, it is best to lift a small hollow out by hand or with a garden shovel. It is important when planting that the entire leafless part of the style disappears underground. The soil should have been previously enriched with compost and perlite. Then the soil is lightly pressed and poured well. It is advisable from the start to plant a stalk on which the chilies are best tied with bast to give them more stability. If several chilies are planted, the distance should be at least 40 centimeters.

Cultivation in the bucket

If you prefer to cultivate your chili plants in a planter, you can do that relatively easily. Since the chilies impress with beautiful flowers and later with colorful fruits, the plants are of course perfect as an eye-catcher for the balcony or the terrace.In the case of bucket cultivation, of course, the planter and the plant substrate are of great importance. The vessel must have a drain hose for the water. In addition, a drainage of gravel or potsherds should be created. In turn, the plant substrate - preferably conventional garden soil - is ideally enriched with compost and perlite. Otherwise, the principles for cultivating buckets of chilies, which are also relevant for the cultivation in the garden. The site must therefore get plenty of sun in any case.


Chilli - Capsicum

As already mentioned, chili plants are extremely easy to care for and undemanding. So you will not have much work with them. The focus of care is clearly the casting. The rule is: Should be cast daily. It is recommended to use only soft water. Rainwater that has previously been collected in a bin is downright ideal. One should underestimate the water requirement of the plants in no case. Especially in midsummer chilies drink a lot. The soil around the plant stem should always be kept moist. When casting, the following rules have proved to be very effective:
  • Ideal casting time are the evening hours
  • It must not be poured under blazing sunlight (midday sun)
  • Always pour generously, but avoid waterlogging
Of course, it also means that you regularly check the plants for pests. Twice a week, the control should be carried out in any case. And even without fertilizer, it does not work. Recommended here is conventional fertilizer for tomato plants, which can be administered every two weeks. A cut, however, is not required. To put it in a nutshell: If the location is correct, the care of the chilli is an absolute breeze and quickly done on the side.


It takes a while until the fruits of the chilli plants are ripe and ready to be harvested. As a rule of thumb, the maturity is sufficient from the end of August. However, one can not apply this blanket. It can last well into October. It is not just about maturity, but also about taste. In turn, it is crucial for how much sun the plants have got: the more sun, the more flavor. A clear sign that crops can now be harvested and harvested is when the pods on the plant start to crumble. The pods should never be torn off easily. It is much better to cut them off the plant with a pruning shears.
Tip: When harvesting chili peppers, it is recommended to wear gloves and possibly goggles so as not to be a victim of the possible sharpness of the fruit.


Chilli - Capsicum

Chili peppers can be used in a variety of ways. Either you eat them raw right after the harvest or you cook them or you freeze them for a later time. The awakening is of course possible. However, one of the most popular methods nowadays is the drying of the pods. However, it should be noted that this is not possible with any kind or variety without any problems - unless you use a dehydrator. In principle, only thin-bodied pods are suitable for drying in air. These include the following varieties:
  • Cayenne
  • Hot Cayenne
  • Tabasco
  • Dutch Red
  • Great chili
To dry the individual pods are simply hung on their stems on a taut string. So the principle clothesline is used. The string should be stretched in a dry, warm and shady location. There should also be a steady draft. Attention: Moisture and moisture are absolutely harmful and naturally stand in the way of the drying process! All in all, it takes about three to six weeks for the drying to complete. Then the pods are removed and stored as cool as possible and absolutely dry. For storage, small, open baskets are recommended. Plastic bags, on the other hand, are not suitable for being able to easily form condensation in them.

Video Board: How to Grow Peppers from Seed (Cayenne).

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