The Content Of The Article:
- Caution toxic!
- Location and ground
- bucket Culture
- Pouring and fertilizing
- To cut
- Diseases and pests
- Popular varieties (flower color)
Lantana is a popular flowering plant in many gardens, which can be kept for several years if properly hibernated. The home of the beautiful plant with wonderful fragrant flowers is located in North and Central America. Because of their ability to change the colors of their flowers within their color palette, the flowering plant is called Lantana. It can be pulled as a bush or as a high tribe. In addition, the plant with the colorful flowers is extremely easy to care for and can be ideally kept in the bucket and overwinter.
Caution toxic!Always wear gloves when handling the Lantana. Because all plant parts are poisonous, especially the fruits. That is why it is important to clean out the withered flowers. Lanthanum contains Lantadene A and B, icterogenin and triterpenes. Contact with the leaves can cause skin irritation in some people.
Location and groundSince the lantana originally comes from a sunny region, it also likes a sunny location, which protects it from rain at the same time. A location in the penumbra, which is bright, is still accepted. The location should not be darker, because the Lantana camara otherwise loses its leaves and the bloom subsides or can even completely fail. The optimal soil for Lantana is a nutrient-rich, lime-free and loose substrate that is neutral or slightly acidic. A mixture of fresh garden soil and mature compost is ideal and is mixed with some gravel or coconut fiber to loosen up. This allows the water to drain well.
Tip: If the garden floor is too firm and does not allow water to pass through, it is advisable to allow drainage in the lower part of the planting hole. For example, collected stones, gravel, coarse sand or shards or a mixture of everything are suitable.
bucket CultureLantana is usually kept in a bucket as it makes hibernation easier. If you want to keep the plant in a bucket right from the beginning, you should pay attention to a good drainage of clay, gravel or small stones collected on the bottom of the vessel. Equally important is a piece of pottery on the drain hole in the ground, so it is not clogged with plant substrate.
- as roots grow from the vent hole at the bottom of the vessel
- Vessel should be one size larger than the previous one
- If possible, roots should not be injured
- Do not forget drainage!
Pouring and fertilizingThe lantana likes regular, not too large watering, whereby the potting soil should always be kept evenly moist. The plant prefers to be watered with rainwater or other lime-free water. The right pouring time is when the upper soil in the pot feels dry and no substrate gets caught on the thumb (thumb test).
Tip: Since the Lantana camara does not tolerate waterlogging, the excess water in the planter or saucer should always be poured out.
- for the first time after completion of the formation of leaves in spring
- Rock flour can be used as long-term fertilizer
- during flowering every two weeks
- From September, fertilizer supplies at longer intervals
- organic fertilizer, for example vegetable manure or mature compost
- commercial flower plant fertilizer also suitable
- always pay attention to the information on the fertilizer packaging
Lantans can be propagated via seeds and cuttings, whereby the propagation of cuttings is more common.
seedIf you want to extract the lantana from seeds, it is easy for you to extract the seed from your own plants. If you do not have any Lantana yet, you can obtain the corresponding seed from the trade. In order to gain your own seed, you must of course let the withered inflorescence ripen properly to a fruiting body. The small, black berries contain the seeds.
Tip: Always wear gloves to remove the pulp, as the plant and especially its fruits are poisonous.
Sowing is best done in late winter or early spring, although it is possible throughout the year. To do this, place some seed soil in small containers. This does not always have to be flower pots or seed boxes, but you can also use rinsed yogurt pots. Put the seeds on the ground and cover them lightly with some growth substrate. Put the pots in a sunny, warm place. Keep the soil evenly moist, but not too wet, and cover the containers with a transparent foil or a thin piece of glass. But do not forget the regular airing, so that the seeds can not mold. After approx.two to four weeks show the seedlings. Once the small plants have three leaves, they are pikiert and later, from a height of at least eight to ten centimeters in larger pots or tubs planted. In this propagation method, it takes many years before the lantana flowers show.
cuttingsIt is very convenient to make the cuttings propagation after the annual cut, since then enough plant material is present and does not have to be taken extra by the flowering plant. Cut head cuttings with a size of about 13 to 15 centimeters and remove all leaves except for the top three. Then place the cuttings in pots with potting soil. Always keep the growth substrate moist and apply a foil over the cuttings, which you ventilate regularly. As new leaves sprout, the cuttings have successfully rooted. Then they can be planted in larger pots. Alternatively, you can put the cuttings in a small glass of water and wait about one to three weeks. Then they would have to be rooted and can be planted in pots.
To cutThe lantana is cut at the beginning of the shoot and greatly reduced. Cut either the shoots in half or shorten the entire plant to the width of the hand. So it can go well again and produce countless flowers that attract bees, butterflies and other insects.
Blooming flowers: In order to extend the flower season of the Lantana camara, the withered flowers should be regularly cleaned during the entire flowering period. The beautiful plant will bloom well into autumn.
Since the plants tolerate no frost, they must be wintered at temperatures of about seven to 15 degrees in a bright room. Hibernation in dark rooms is also possible. Then the temperature should be between five and ten degrees. In the dark, the lantana loses its leaves and goes into a rest period until spring. At the end of February, the plants can be set bright and warm again. But you are only allowed to go outside after the last night frosts. Plants that have already started sprouting should first become accustomed to the sun and therefore stand for some time in the shade to partial shade.
Diseases and pestsIn winter habitat, the l ants are susceptible to spider mites and white flies. Sometimes aphids can be found on the plants, which were probably too small to be noticed in the pest control before entering the winter quarters. For white flies, for example, you can use a parasitic wasp called Encarsia formosa. In the case of aphid infestations, Marien beetle larvae of the species Adalia bipunctata will help you, and in the case of an infestation with spider mites, predatory mites will serve you well. The beneficials can be purchased in garden centers.
Popular varieties (flower color)White:
- Lantana camara 'avalanche'
- Lantana camara 'Snow White'
- Lantana camara 'Cochinelle'
- Lantana camara 'Pink Bird'
- Lantana camara 'Schloss Ortenburg'
- Lantana camara 'Grenat Corse'
- Lantana camara 'Rouge Corde'
- Lantana camara 'Hortemburg'
- Lantana camara 'Feston Rose'
- Lantana camara 'Orange Pur'
- Lantana camara 'Brasier'
- Lantana camara 'Confetti'
- Lantana camara 'Orange Lampant'
- Lantana camara 'Prof. Raoux '
- Lantana camara 'Radiation'
- Lantana camara 'Mine d'Or'
- Lantana camara 'Variegata' with variegated foliage