Checklist: gardening in autumn

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Checklist: gardening in autumn: winter

So that the garden awakes in full bloom in spring, he wants to be professionally cared for in the fall. Lawns, hedges, ponds and flowering plants need a lot of attention at different times of the year. What a gardener has to do during the autumn months is shown in the following checklist.

Garden in the fall: this work is pending

Autumn months are high season for gardening, because every area has to be prepared for hibernation. To pack sensitive plants warm, to rake leaves, to cut back branches and withered flowers, to set tubers, as well as to bring in the harvest - this work is in the works. Special attention deserves potted plants that need reliable protection against the cold. It is also essential to think about the safe hibernation of pond inhabitants.

Lawn in the fall

  • Mow once or twice
  • Remove foliage thoroughly
  • Collect fallen fruit
In the autumn, plant growth slows down to come to a standstill in winter. Even the grass grows slower, the lawn must be mowed less often and from November no more. The optimum cutting height is about 4 cm. Leaves should be removed from the lawn so that the grass can sprout in the spring. Also, the fall is to be collected, because it just looks ugly. In September, the lawn can be scarified again.

Cut shrubs, trees and hedges

  • Cut back branches
  • To cut down trees
  • cut hedges
Many shrubs have grown vigorously in the summer, but growth also weakens the plants. In order for the shrubs to get through the winter well, they must be cut back. How to cut short, is a matter of taste. Most shrubs tolerate a radical cut such that e.g. Hazelnut tree or lilac without hesitation are cut back as possible. In the fall trees are also felled - if planned. Between 01.03. and the 30.09. Incidentally, no trees (with a few exceptions) may be felled. Late autumn is a good time for this work, v.a. because the metabolism of the plants is now slowed down and they hardly carry water.
Hedges are also cut in autumn and spring. Box trees may be cut back strongly. With conifers, caution is advised, because not all varieties can take a thorough pruning: While the yew has no problems with it, a cut into old wood in thuja or cypress (also false cypress) can lead to the formation of unsightly bald spots.
Tip: In the fall, had no time to cut the hedge? Hedges of deciduous shrubs may also be cut in winter.

bring harvest

  • Pears, harvest apples early
  • Think of the last tomatoes and pumpkins
  • Harvest late potatoes in October
Autumn time is harvest time, all fruits in the garden should be harvested during this time and then stored and processed dry and cool. Even if some tomatoes are still green, they can still be harvested - at room temperatures, they are ripe. Likewise, the last pears and apples to harvest, some fruits may like to hang on the trees. On the one hand they look decorative, on the other hand they serve as a source of food for birds. Even potatoes (late varieties) are to be picked out of the ground by October at the latest. After the potato plant has withered, the time has come to harvest the tubers.
Tip: Most fruits and vegetables are harvested before the first frost. Red cabbage and white cabbage can tolerate a little frost and may be harvested later.

Winter protection for plants

  • Use foliage as a protective layer
  • Wrap delicate plants with fleece and fabric
  • Take potted plants indoors or pack well
In autumn, all plants must be prepared for the cold winter in the best possible way. Good protection is provided by withered foliage, piled up around the roots.
Tip: Wet leaves are not blown away so quickly by the wind, so water the leaves a bit for more strength.Delicate plants and young fruit trees are looking forward to additional protection. For high-stem roses, the grafting site should be protected in particular with a layer of fleece. Also camellias or azaleas, as well as other only winter hardy plants must be packed warm. As a "packaging material" are in addition to the already mentioned fleece and jute, Kokosmatten and special plastic from the garden market.
Tip: Plants should never be wrapped in a plastic wrap (cling film or tarpaulin), all winter protection materials should be permeable to air.
Container plants, which were allowed to enjoy the warmth and rain outside in the summer on the terrace or in the garden, must be brought into the house. The optimal location for these plants is a conservatory, whether heated or not.At room temperatures and relatively little light, most plants do not calm down and continue to grow, which weakens them.
Tip: If potted plants (such as sturdy conifers) overwinter outside, they must be packed thoroughly. The earth in the pot (bucket) must not freeze under any circumstances!

Autumn time as a planting season

  • Transplant shrubs and trees
  • Plant container roses
  • Put tubers from spring flowering
In the autumn, most plants take a break, so now is the best time to transplant them. Virtually all shrubs and trees can be transplanted before the first frost, ensuring that the humidification is adequate. Extended periods of drought - not uncommon in autumn - can cause severe damage to a young plant. A plant with soil or pot bales is less sensitive than a rootless plant and therefore tolerates the change of location better. Even in late autumn, but preferably before the first frost, container roses may be planted gladly. September-October is a good time to put tubers of tulips, hyacinths, daffodils and other spring flowers.
Tip: Pay close attention to the planting depth, otherwise the young shoots will struggle to find their way to the light in spring. Mark where the tubers are placed, because until March-April the tubers remain invisible.

Pond care in the fall

  • Protect against the foliage
  • Think of winter quarters for pond inhabitants

Water lilies Nymphaea

When deciduous trees grow near the pond, the small waters are protected from falling leaves with a net. The reason - too much rotting leaves on the ground harms the aquatic plants and pond inhabitants. If the garden pond is not deep enough and threatens to "freeze through" in winter, a winter quarters for koi or goldfish in a fish farm should be considered.

Frequently asked questions

  • Should ornamental grasses be cut back in autumn?
No, gardening professionals recommend leaving the dry grasses over winter.
  • Should be fertilized in the fall?
Yes, but the dosage should be reduced, from November, the fertilization can be adjusted.

Worth knowing about gardening in autumn

  • Plant conifers: Small conifers can stay in the same pot for many years. They are planted in structurally rich soil, with a high proportion of coarse bark mulch. During the winter months pour only moderately and avoid waterlogging.

  • To plan the spring: Grape hyacinths, crocuses and tulips are now placed in boxes and pots. From November with brushwood or a peat layer for a light winter protection.

  • Repotting climbers: every 3 to 4 years, climbing plants that are pulled in pots need new soil. For Clematis and Glyzine is the best time to repot.

  • Harvest seeds: The one-year-old vine plants will run out of steam in the fall. But before they are disposed of, nasturtium, starter beans and star winds are used to grow seed for cultivation next year.

  • Give fuchsias: in fuchsias, before placing them, wipe off all withered leaves and flowers and cut back to long shoots.

  • Give geranium: By the end of October at the latest, the balcony classics were to come to the bright, 5° C winter quarters. Before that, break out all flowers and shorten shoots by half.

  • Trim the angel trumpet: For thick branches, the use of a saw is recommended. However, do not completely cut back the flowering area, recognizable by the asymmetrical leaves.

  • Cut clematis: Varieties that have flowered in the summer, you cut back to 20 cm. Do not shorten spring flowers.

  • Contain fungal diseases: Collect all sick and discarded leaves and flowers. They thus remove most of the fungus species from the soil and prevent the pathogens from hibernating on the balcony.

  • Check storm safety: low-weight planters with large pebbles complain. Tighten the screws on the box hangers and hanging baskets.

  • Winterfest: Ornamental shrubs in the pot are covered with fir-brushed rice or sparsely wrapped. This not only protects them from drying out when the winter sun shines on the bark and leaves.

Video Board: Gardening Tips - Our Fall Garden Checklist.

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