The Content Of The Article:
- Garden in the fall: this work is pending
- Lawn in the fall
- Cut shrubs, trees and hedges
- bring harvest
- Winter protection for plants
- Autumn time as a planting season
- Pond care in the fall
- Frequently asked questions
- Worth knowing about gardening in autumn
So that the garden awakes in full bloom in spring, he wants to be professionally cared for in the fall. Lawns, hedges, ponds and flowering plants need a lot of attention at different times of the year. What a gardener has to do during the autumn months is shown in the following checklist.
Garden in the fall: this work is pendingAutumn months are high season for gardening, because every area has to be prepared for hibernation. To pack sensitive plants warm, to rake leaves, to cut back branches and withered flowers, to set tubers, as well as to bring in the harvest - this work is in the works. Special attention deserves potted plants that need reliable protection against the cold. It is also essential to think about the safe hibernation of pond inhabitants.
Lawn in the fall
- Mow once or twice
- Remove foliage thoroughly
- Collect fallen fruit
Cut shrubs, trees and hedges
- Cut back branches
- To cut down trees
- cut hedges
Hedges are also cut in autumn and spring. Box trees may be cut back strongly. With conifers, caution is advised, because not all varieties can take a thorough pruning: While the yew has no problems with it, a cut into old wood in thuja or cypress (also false cypress) can lead to the formation of unsightly bald spots.
Tip: In the fall, had no time to cut the hedge? Hedges of deciduous shrubs may also be cut in winter.
- Pears, harvest apples early
- Think of the last tomatoes and pumpkins
- Harvest late potatoes in October
Tip: Most fruits and vegetables are harvested before the first frost. Red cabbage and white cabbage can tolerate a little frost and may be harvested later.
Winter protection for plants
- Use foliage as a protective layer
- Wrap delicate plants with fleece and fabric
- Take potted plants indoors or pack well
Tip: Wet leaves are not blown away so quickly by the wind, so water the leaves a bit for more strength.Delicate plants and young fruit trees are looking forward to additional protection. For high-stem roses, the grafting site should be protected in particular with a layer of fleece. Also camellias or azaleas, as well as other only winter hardy plants must be packed warm. As a "packaging material" are in addition to the already mentioned fleece and jute, Kokosmatten and special plastic from the garden market.
Tip: Plants should never be wrapped in a plastic wrap (cling film or tarpaulin), all winter protection materials should be permeable to air.
Container plants, which were allowed to enjoy the warmth and rain outside in the summer on the terrace or in the garden, must be brought into the house. The optimal location for these plants is a conservatory, whether heated or not.At room temperatures and relatively little light, most plants do not calm down and continue to grow, which weakens them.
Tip: If potted plants (such as sturdy conifers) overwinter outside, they must be packed thoroughly. The earth in the pot (bucket) must not freeze under any circumstances!
Autumn time as a planting season
- Transplant shrubs and trees
- Plant container roses
- Put tubers from spring flowering
Tip: Pay close attention to the planting depth, otherwise the young shoots will struggle to find their way to the light in spring. Mark where the tubers are placed, because until March-April the tubers remain invisible.
Pond care in the fall
- Protect against the foliage
- Think of winter quarters for pond inhabitants
When deciduous trees grow near the pond, the small waters are protected from falling leaves with a net. The reason - too much rotting leaves on the ground harms the aquatic plants and pond inhabitants. If the garden pond is not deep enough and threatens to "freeze through" in winter, a winter quarters for koi or goldfish in a fish farm should be considered.
Frequently asked questions
- Should ornamental grasses be cut back in autumn?
- Should be fertilized in the fall?
Worth knowing about gardening in autumn
Plant conifers: Small conifers can stay in the same pot for many years. They are planted in structurally rich soil, with a high proportion of coarse bark mulch. During the winter months pour only moderately and avoid waterlogging.
To plan the spring: Grape hyacinths, crocuses and tulips are now placed in boxes and pots. From November with brushwood or a peat layer for a light winter protection.
Repotting climbers: every 3 to 4 years, climbing plants that are pulled in pots need new soil. For Clematis and Glyzine is the best time to repot.
Harvest seeds: The one-year-old vine plants will run out of steam in the fall. But before they are disposed of, nasturtium, starter beans and star winds are used to grow seed for cultivation next year.
Give fuchsias: in fuchsias, before placing them, wipe off all withered leaves and flowers and cut back to long shoots.
Give geranium: By the end of October at the latest, the balcony classics were to come to the bright, 5° C winter quarters. Before that, break out all flowers and shorten shoots by half.
Trim the angel trumpet: For thick branches, the use of a saw is recommended. However, do not completely cut back the flowering area, recognizable by the asymmetrical leaves.
Cut clematis: Varieties that have flowered in the summer, you cut back to 20 cm. Do not shorten spring flowers.
Contain fungal diseases: Collect all sick and discarded leaves and flowers. They thus remove most of the fungus species from the soil and prevent the pathogens from hibernating on the balcony.
Check storm safety: low-weight planters with large pebbles complain. Tighten the screws on the box hangers and hanging baskets.
Winterfest: Ornamental shrubs in the pot are covered with fir-brushed rice or sparsely wrapped. This not only protects them from drying out when the winter sun shines on the bark and leaves.