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The laurel cherry or also called cherry laurel, is often confused with the real laurel, but belongs to the family of the rose family and is not related to the real laurel. Although the elongated leaves of both plants are very similar. Originally from the Mediterranean or from Asia Minor originating plant is this country very popular as a hedge plant.
General to the cherry laurel
This comparatively undemanding shrub plant can be wonderfully integrated into any garden. No matter whether it is an older, mature garden or whether it is a new plant. Due to the sometimes very large growth, which depends on the variety of laurel cherry used, a fairly large garden for the planting is required. Individual varieties can grow up to a height of 7 m. Especially in the field of hedge plantations, the laurel cherry has the advantage over other hedge plants that it grows relatively quickly and is still evergreen. That means, even in winter we can enjoy their green leaves. Also in relation to the location of the cherry laurel makes no great claims. However, the details of the location requirements will be discussed later. But not only as a hedge plant the cherry laurel comes out very big, even as a demarcation to the terrace you will find him again and again. Here, however, it should be kept in check by regular cut, since an increase of about 40 cm per year is not uncommon in this plant. A cherry laurel is a wonderful example as a specimen plant, for example in the middle of a lawn. A large area can be easily broken and divided into interesting sections for the eye. The design options with the laurel cherry are almost unlimited. The cherry laurel is also noticeable by its appearing from April to June pretty flowers pleasant. The white flowers are in grape-shaped umbels and smell very pleasant. The fruits of the cherry laurel are black and are processed for example in Turkey to jam or dried fruit. When consumed raw, however, they develop hydrogen cyanide in the stomach and poisoning can occur. Consumption of all plant parts is not recommended.
The laurel cherry can be planted almost anywhere in the garden. Only in the deep shade of tall trees he gets his problems. As already mentioned, the laurel cherry is wonderful as a hedge plant to delineate the neighboring garden. She feels well in the company of rhododendrons, azaleas, ferns and ground cover, but also near conifers. Also the society to Hosta, the so-called love lilies and the interplay with lilies of the valley makes the cherry laurel great come out. The demands on the ground are not very high. This should be moderately moist and have good drainage. Even longer periods of drought tolerate the cherry laurel very well. However, waterlogging makes it difficult for him and should be avoided in any case. Even sandy or loamy soils are not a big problem for him. The approximately 8 cm long leaves of the shrub similar to those of the real laurel, so that a confusion of plants occurs relatively frequently.
Special fertilization is not required for the cherry laurel. A good mulch layer is sufficient for good growth. The hobby gardener should water the laurel cherry only when the soil is completely dried out. Otherwise he will be able to cope with the conditions given to him.
Fertilizing while planting
It is recommended to add horn chips to the planting hole right at the planting. So the wood has a good start fertilization and comes for a while. At the beginning of the growth phase, ie in the spring, the cherry laurel again needs additional nutrients to be able to get off to a good start. It is best to use a complete fertilizer for woody plants.
It should be noted that you do not fertilize too long. The branches and twigs must be able to ripen to survive the winter well. If you fertilize too long, they continue to grow and do not mature. These branches are then very frost prone. Not ripening means that the bark that is needed for protection does not form. Therefore, the complete fertilizer is only used until July. Then the plant grows without good. In principle, it is enough for the cherry laurel, if you mix in the spring properly compost. The plants are easy to care for, they even manage without any extra fertilizer.
What you should do is to use potash fertilizer at the end of August or beginning of September to ensure that the cherry laurel survives the winter well. A potash fertilizer is suitable for all woody plants in the garden. The fertilizer helps ripen branches and branches and makes them resistant to disease.In addition, the potash fertilizer contributes to the regulation of the liquid balance, so it is more than recommended. Autumn fertilization is much more important than fertilizer fertilization. You can also omit these. However, potash fertilization helps to survive the winter quite unscathed.
Propagation and cut
The cherry laurel can be propagated in two different and also quite simple ways. On the one hand through the so-called sinkers, where long shoots are bent down to the ground. Here they are then pinned down, covered with some soil and left to themselves, until a so-called eye grows into a small cuttings. If this is big enough to be able to take care of itself, it can be separated from the mother plant. But the general propagation through cuttings is quite easy. These are sufficient for every cutback. Set in potting soil, maybe even provided with a special rooting powder, they usually look good.
The cherry laurel can be excellently cut back and without much trouble. Already after the first expulsion in spring it can be easily cut. This prevents bulky and bulky growth. The pruning is best done by hand and without any electrical tools, so that whole leaves remain. Older laurel cherries, which may have been a bit out of shape, can easily be cut back to the old wood to give them a makeover.
Since the laurel cherry is a perennial plant, which is also evergreen, it is possible to do without special winter protection. The plants survive the prevailing temperatures in our latitudes in winter with a sufficient mulch layer to protect against the loss of moisture very well. Should the winter become even tighter and have temperatures of - 20 degrees and more, it may be that the cherry laurel completely loses its leaves and some plant parts die off. In most cases, he drives out again in the spring.
frequently asked Questions
Can a cherry laurel serve as a windbreak?
Hedgehogs usually have the property of braking the wind. Although the cherry laurel can withstand wind, it has grown so dense in its nature that the wind can not penetrate it. It is, so to speak, upwards and therefore forms small turbulences, which can be very unpleasant, if there should be a sitting area directly behind the cherry laurel hedge. To create a pure windbreak hedge, it would be better to resort to more suitable plants.
Which diseases and pests can occur in the cherry laurel?
In the case of cherry laurel, it is usually fungal diseases that can occur depending on the location and soil conditions. A humid and warm climate promotes fungal growth, so in any case attention should be paid to good drainage of the soil. The first signs of such a fungal disease are spotty leaves. Failure to take action against the disease can result in the plant dying. A fairly widespread pest is the so-called greedy old weevil. This eats through the leaves, so to speak, which then have significant traces. However, early treatment of cherry laurel with environmentally friendly and biodegradable agents prevents the infestation.