The Content Of The Article:
Do not plant anymore?
He has fallen into disrepute lately, the cherry laurel. The non native plants in Germany multiply easily, thrive almost everywhere and are undemanding. Therefore, you can find the cherry laurel not only as a hedge in gardens, but now also wild. Nevertheless, the plants are sold further.
Soil and location
Cherry laurel is absolutely unpretentious in terms of soil and location. Cherry laurel thrives in the sun as well as in the shade and in the partial shade, has problems only in the deep shadow. It looks quite similar to the ground: Almost everything is fine, even loamy and sandy soil tolerates the cherry laurel. Only waterlogged plants do not like. Wind contractensie good, but they grow so thick that around the hedge like vortexes form - drying clothes is good, in the sitting area directly behind the hedge is annoying.
Size and growth
Cherry laurel likes to grow three meters high and occupy the same space in width. Cherry laurel is growing fast, so this expansion is achieved quite quickly. At about 40 cm height growth per year, it takes a maximum of seven years, until this expansion is reached. A decent green wall to the neighbor is usually already in the second summer. On large land, the unrestrained growth of hedge plants is not a problem, but in suburbs and on small plots it can be difficult to control the cherry laurel. Ultimately, this should be considered in gardening. An exception is the smaller varieties, for example, Prunus laurocerasus "Otto Luyken" - a hedge one meter high can be designed well with two to three plants per meter and also fits on smaller plots.
Plants: distance, time and special features
Cherry laurel should not be planted too densely - the individual plants need space. If the distance between two plants is 80 to 100 cm, this looks quite silly with the young plants, there can be no question of privacy. But thanks to the rapid growth, the gaps are also closed very quickly. In late summer or early fall, the plant will grow well if planted in a sufficiently deep seed hole with some compost. The soil should be kept loose, carefully loosened on the surface with the rake and regularly mulched.
Cherry laurel does not tolerate drought so well, especially in young plants must always be well poured. Therefore, the late summer is favorable: The greatest heat is over, it rains more often, and until the winter is enough time to form root system. Cherry laurels are deep rooters, so the space under the hedge can be filled quite well with ground cover. Tip: The norm is to plant the wood as deep as it was in the nursery. This is not very easy, because the tree is still something after planting. So it is first an "addition" necessary.
Fill the plant hole
When filling comes, as already described, first some compost to the root area, then the subsoil. The most intimate connection of roots and soil is achieved by jerky short lifting and lowering of the wood, d. h., shake it lightly, fill up at the same time and gradually raise the wood until it has reached the correct planting height. Finally, the topsoil is applied. After planting, the soil must be firmly planted around the cherry laurel. But beware when the soil is wet: when compacted, densification in the root area can easily occur, which does not just grow
Fertilize and water
Cherry laurel does not like waterlogging, but it should not be dry. Regular and then moderate watering is important so that the plants are well cared for all year round. Fertilization takes place in the spring into August, but then no longer. Horns and horn meal are suitable for fertilizing. If you spray cherry laurel in August or later in the year, just before winter, a new generation of thick leaves will be formed, which would freeze to death in winter. That should not happen right now.
Cherry laurel is generally hardy, but only up to temperatures around -20° C. All of this is associated with severe frost damage. As the temperatures in Germany drop so far at least at night in winter, the plants should be protected. A fleece protection is sufficient, the root system is very deep in the soil, so that the plants can remain outside. Cherry laurel is evergreen, which means that even in the coldest winter moisture evaporates over the leaves. The plants must also be watered in winter.
As the cherry laurel grows very fast, it has to be cut regularly. This happens twice a year. It is cut with the pruning shears and pruning shears, the hedge trimming can be composted. Those with sensitive skin should wear gloves.Cherry laurel is poisonous only when consumed: seeds, leaves and branches contain glycosides, in the stomach hydrocyanic acid is released. If the cherry laurel already grows well as a hedge, a second pruning can be done at the end of May to mid-June, which primarily prevents fungal infections. The (then third and) last cut of the year takes place at the end of August and reduces the plant for the winter. Incidentally, even young plants should be cut regularly, even if they are still quite small: This makes the cherry laurel many small branches, it grows very dense.
- Take the cherry laurel in the lower end of the stem in one hand and in the other a sharp garden knife.
- With the knife you remove lazy, injured, broken roots and those that are too long.
- A smooth wound incision, which has to point downwards with its surface, soon triggers the growth of suction roots in the cutting area.
- If the cherry laurel has a well-developed bale, then the roots remain untrimmed.
My personal tip: jam
The seeds, leaves and twigs of the cherry laurel are poisonous - but the fruits are not. If you have the chance, you should try cherry laurel jam during a visit to Turkey or Turkish relatives. It contains only the fruits (without seeds) of the plants, so it is not poisonous - it tastes delicious!
Tips for quick readers
- Cherry laurel thrives in the sun, part shade and shade, but not in the deep shadow.
- The substrate is unproblematic as long as no waterlogging occurs.
- The growth is about 40 cm per year, an extension of three meters high and three meters wide are not uncommon.
- The distance between the plants should be from the beginning about 80 to 100 cm.
- In late summer or early autumn, cherry laurel is usually planted.
- Cherry laurel is a deep rooting, groundcover grow directly below it very well.
- Despite the high water requirement, cherry laurel does not like waterlogging.
- It is fertilized only until August, horn meal and horn chips are suitable.
- Cherry laurel must also be watered in winter, the plants are evergreen.
- Twice a year, in spring and autumn, the cherry laurel must be cut.
- Cherry laurel is toxic only when ingested, but may cause allergic reactions if it comes into contact with the skin.
- When should cherry laurel be planted? - Cherry laurel should be planted in late summer or early fall, because the natural rainfall takes over the watering and the time until winter is still long enough to form a decent root system. The fruits of the plant are not poisonous, but only the seeds, the leaves and the branches. In addition, it is a poison that is released only when consumed, is harmless to skin contact (but can trigger allergic reactions). Cherry laurel is as clear in the sun as in the shade, but always needs plenty of water.
- What should you consider when buying a cherry laurel? - Cherry laurel young trees, which have only a few branches, trees with broken branches or even wounds on the trunk, are eliminated when buying. If you have the choice between several shrubs of the same variety, then you also do well to choose the strongest and pay attention to even growth. What applies to the crown also applies to the root system. The roots must be vigorously developed, many fine roots should occupy the main roots.
- Do you have to cut the cherry laurel after planting? - If trees have lost roots when transplanting, then they are no longer able to supply all aboveground parts with water and nutrients. This is counteracted by the planting cut. The branches of shrubs z. For example, reduce to well-developed strong wood and reduce this in addition something. Ballenpflanzgut, ie woody plants whose roots were not cut, does not need to be shortened above ground. This applies to container goods as well as evergreens, such as conifers.
Most important for a rapid development of the cherry laurel are healthy roots. With damaged, dried-out roots, which do not form new roots during autumn planting, the freshly planted cherry laurel can not survive the winter. When transporting sun and wind must therefore be strictly prevented. Wet peat and a plastic wrap are sufficient protection. If you can not plant right away, then you strike the cherry laurel and embed the roots in moist soil.
Basically, it is quite difficult to multiply a cherry laurel yourself.Nevertheless, there are some ways to at least try it:
- Increase by cuttings: Cut tips with about 5 to 6 leaves and place in a glass filled with water. The cuttings should not be exposed to direct sunlight. After about 5 weeks, the first small roots appear. Then plant the small plantlets in pots with seedling soil.
- Propagation by seeds: The cherry laurel is one of the cold germs. Germination time is 3 to 4 months. Young plants should be kept frost-free for at least 1 year. Despite all, the propagation of seeds is very expensive, because until the first lamellae, the plantlets are very vulnerable.