Cherry trees


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origin

The Japanese cherry is native to Japan, Korea and many Chinese provinces. Because of the perfection of flowering, in the spring the Japanese celebrate "Hanami" - the Cherry Blossom Festival. Everywhere in the country old and young meet under the big trees to admire the cherry blossom. In addition to the approximately 400 varieties of cherry and varieties that belong to the genus Prunus include almond trees, apricots, plums and peaches.

Appearance and growth

As a deciduous tree, the Japanese ornamental cherry of the rose family (Rosaceae) reaches heights of three to eight meters. There are many types and varieties. They differ in size, shape and flower color and shape. Some already bloom at the end of March, others only late in May. The flowers are pink or white colored, sometimes filled and some are in doldigen clumps. Their egg-shaped, elliptical five to nine centimeters large leaves depend alternately on stems. The edge is pointed or double sawn. The upper side of the leaf is sparsely hairy and dark green, the light green underside is sparsely or fluffy with hairs occupied. In autumn, the foliage can intensely turn red or yellow.

Location and ground

Despite their beauty, Japanese cherries are anything but spoiled divas. To the ground, they do not make too much demands. They like humus rich to slightly loamy, deep garden soils without waterlogging. Ornamental cherries love a place in the full sun, but also get along with partial shade.

Prunus serrulata 'Kanzan'

Prunus serrulata 'Kanzan'

planting

Nurseries offer Japanese cherries as solitaires with bales or in containers. If the bale is well rooted, it can be planted year-round in frost-free weather. Best planting time is autumn. An ornamental cherry grows well when the planting hole is about twice as large as the root ball and it is filled after insertion again completely with the excavation. Sludge and easy grounding of the earth helps.

care Tips

Too much dryness damages the Japanese cherry as well as too much moisture. Therefore, it is advisable to resort to the water hose in hot phases. In the first year after planting, this is especially important for the tree to grow well.

To cut

The species and varieties of ornamental cherry all have different growth forms. They grow in an opening funnel shape, as a narrow pillar, with a hanging or spherical crown. So that the characteristic growth form is not destroyed, only branches and branches that are too close and those that disturb the natural charm should be taken out. The best view of branches and branches you have in early spring. Alternatively, however, may also be cut in the summer. Young ornamental cherries are best not screened in the first three to five years.
An exception are small Japanese cherries such as the steppe cherry Prunus fruticosa 'Globosa' or the delicate dwarf cherry Prunus kurilensis 'Brilliant'. They should be rejuvenated regularly after flowering, as they tend to overgrow.
Old and sick branches are always cut or sawn directly at the base of the branch and as vertically as possible. Out of shape, too long branches are cut over the bud of a new shoot.

use

Finding a matching Japanese cherry tree for his garden is not difficult. Because among the many species and varieties are small shrubs as well as slender, columnar trees and large funnel-like and overhanging trees. Very well known and imposing as a solitary is the carnation cherry 'Kanzan' (Prunus serrulata). She needs a lot of space to develop her full beauty. For small front or home gardens, the columnar Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa' and the hanging ornamental cherry 'Kiku-shidare-zakura' have proven very successful. Goals and paths can be beautifully bordered with the round steppe cherry Prunus fruticosa 'Globosa'. And in a bucket shines the delicate dwarf cherry 'Brilliant' (Prunus kurilensis).

Prunus nipponica var. Kurilensis 'Brilliant'

Prunus nipponica var. Kurilensis 'Brilliant'

All ornamental cherries bloom in the period from early April to late May. Among the ornamental cherries that bloom early is the spring cherry (Prunus subhirtella) with its varieties. Among them, the pink winter cherry (Prunus subhirtella 'Autumnalis Rosea') is something very special. Although their main flowering period is in March and April, in mild weather, the white flowers may even appear in November. From mid-April, the varieties of carnation cherry (Prunus serrulata) light up.At the end of May the variety 'Shiro-Fugen' blooms with pure white filled flowers.

Particularly attractive for the garden are varieties with colored bark and a bright autumn color. Of particular note are the mirror-bark cherry 'Schmittii' with a mahogany bark and yellow-orange leaves and the variety 'Rancho' of the scarlet-cherry (Prunus sargentii), which appears with a dark red bark and bright red autumn color.
Large ornamental cherries are great eye-catchers in large parks and gardens on lawn even without planting. A simple carpet of flowers at her feet made of wild bulbous flowers makes her look even better. Small ornamental cherry varieties in beds are suitably surrounded by woody plants such as the fragrant snowball (Virburnum x carlcephalum) or the snow serpent (Abiolephyllum distichum 'Roseum'). As an infantry White Phlox (Phox divaricata), Foam Blossom (Tiarella), Elven Flower (Epimedium) or Silvery Caucasus Forget-me-not (Brunnera macrophylla 'Jack Frost') come into question.

Important species and varieties

Pink winter cherry (Prunus subhirtella 'Autumnalis Rosea'): small tree or large shrub; grows three to five feet tall and wide; also available as a high strain; Flower: whitish-pink and half-filled; Flowering time: November and March / April
Hanging spring cherry (Prunus subhirtella 'Pendula'): three to five meters tall shrub; grows umbrella-shaped with cascading drooping branches; also available as a high strain; Flower: light pink, simple; Flowering time: April
Pink spring cherry (Prunus subhirtella 'Fukubana'): shrub two to six meters in size; grows wide funnel-shaped; Branches bent over; also available as a high strain; Leaves turn yellow to orange red in autumn; Flower: deep pink, slightly filled, petals deeply cut in the margin and frizzy; Flowering time: April

Hanging spring cherry (Prunus subhirtella 'Pendula Flora Plena')

The hanging spring cherry (Prunus subhirtella 'Pendula Flora Plena') is characterized by its beautiful hanging branches

Pink cherry (Prunus serrulata 'Kanzan'): Shrub or small tree, funnel-shaped crown with stiff upright main branches, spreading in old age, branches slightly overhanging; Flowering: pink, densely packed in clusters, flowering in April
Serengeti cherry (Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa'): four to seven meter high columnar shrub or small tree; Branches upright; several thick main trunks; Leaves sometimes turn yellow-orange in autumn; Flower: light pink, slightly filled, delicately scented; Flowering time: end of April / beginning of May
Hanging ornamental cherry (Prunus serrulata 'Kiku-shidare-zakura'): four to six meters small tree with boggy overhanging branches and branches; Shoot bronze green; Flower: dark pink, densely filled; Flowering time: end of April to beginning of May

Spring cherry (Prunus 'Accolade'): large shrub or tree five to eight meters high; loose, funnel-shaped crown; Branches laid out and nodding; also available as a high strain; Leaves turn yellow-orange in the hernst; Flower: pure pink, half-filled, floriferous, in clumps before the leaf shoot; Flowering time: April
Steppe-cherry (Prunus fruticosa 'Globosa'): three to five meters small tree with spherical crown; Leaves turn orange in the fall; Flower: white umbels, during leaf shoot; Flowering time: April
Dwarf Cherry (Prunus kurilensis 'Brilliant'): 100 to 120 centimeters small, loose and roundish small shrub; also available as high stems; Leaves turn orange in autumn; Flowering: first pink, later white, simple; Flowering time: early April

proliferation

In nurseries, seedlings attracted and improved types and varieties are offered.

Diseases and pests

Every now and then, the ornamental cherry on wet soils infests the Monilia peak drought. As the name implies, the shoot tips die off. Mostly, the disease occurs directly after flowering. It is important to cut back the affected branches to healthy wood. At the interface, the wood should be fresh and bright. Brown discoloration in the cross section is a sign that the wood is affected. Little to no extent are affected by strongly growing varieties such as 'Kanzan'. Particularly vulnerable are varieties with thin shoots like 'Kiku-shidare-zakura'. As a precaution, the leaves should be picked up in the autumn.

Video Board: How to Grow Cherry Trees - Complete Growing Guide.

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