Chestnut wine, Tetrastigma voinierianum - care & propagation


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chestnut wine

The chestnut wine clings with its spirally twisted tendrils to any halt. The chestnut wine is botanically referred to as tetrastigma. Within the botanical classification, this plant belongs to the family Grapevine. Mainly in Asia, in Malaysia and in the northern part of Australia occurring in nature, the chestnut wine is represented by 90 to 100 different species. The common chestnut wine called Tetrastigma voinierianum is cultivated mainly in parks or in public and private gardens as well as in the interior.
Tip: If the room is to be intensively landscaped, the chestnut wine is an ideal choice.

Location

Ideal for the chestnut wine is a bright location, but should provide no direct sunlight of the plant. It is also important to bear in mind when selecting the chestnut wine that the plant can grow at a young age of up to two meters per year. Therefore, a lot of space should be considered for the development of the plant. In the interior, the plant likes a bright location, but not too much sun. The plant feels most comfortable in the immediate vicinity of a window, where it has brightness, but is exposed to sunlight. If no other options are available, the plant can also be placed in a partially shaded place. The important thing is never to expose them to the blazing sun.
For the growth of the plant is also a stable trellis very important to which the plant can tendrils. Carefully, the young shoots should be handled, because they are very sensitive. Precisely when transplanting and tying the plant, extreme caution is required.
The chestnut wine prefers a year-round temperature between 18 and 20° C, but it has no major problems when the temperatures rise temporarily in the summer or lower in the winter. However, the chestnut wine does not value intensive temperature fluctuations. He responds to this with the loss of impulses. Temperatures below 13° C should never be exposed to the plant.
Dry indoor climate tolerates the plant easily and therefore it is not necessary to raise the humidity for the plant artificially.
Due to its fast growth and tendency to tendrils, the plant can green entire walls or even rooms. However, trellises must always be available for this purpose. Due to its intensive growth, the chestnut wine is also recommended as a plant again and again, if a room wall should be planted specifically. Even with dry air and dry root ball and little light influence, the plant grows very intense. Meter-long shoots of the tropical plant are not uncommon, but can also be thrown off immediately if the shoots are treated inappropriately.
  • bright location
  • partial shade
  • important: Always provide a trellis for tendrils!

plants

Important when planting are the appropriate plant substrate as well as a sufficiently large vessel in which the chestnut wine is planted. If enough space is available, it should already be used for the young plant, a 20 cm planter at least. Unit earth or a peat culture substrate are the ideal breeding ground for the chestnut wine.

repotting

Annual repotting of chestnut wine is very important. This repotting should take place each spring and the plant should always be placed in a much larger planter than before to aid growth.
  • annual repot is mandatory
  • Also important is the choice of a sufficiently large planter

Pouring and fertilizing

The chestnut wine would like to be poured with room warm and at best stale water. Especially in spring and summer, ie the intense growth phase, the wine needs plenty of water. For this, the plant is thoroughly watered, then allowed to dry until the next watering but the top layer of soil well. Because the chestnut wine grows so intensely, it needs many nutrients. These are fed to him every week from March to the end of August with fertilizer. To limit the growth of chestnut wine, it is advisable to use half of the proposed fertilizer quantity on the packaging label. A complete fertilizer, which is commercially available, is ideal for fertilization. In winter, the chestnut wine should not be cast at all.
In spring, when the leaves are expelled, the plant can be sprayed from time to time. Regular watering during the growth phase is very important, because the peat bale must always be moist during this time.
Tip: If the chestnut wine does not grow so intensely, just use half of the recommended fertilizer concentration!

To cut

A cut requires the plant only to curb their growth. That can be the case at any time and also very intensively.
  • a cut does not necessarily have to be made
  • the cut can take place all year round

overwinter

Even in winter, the chestnut wine appreciates warmth and therefore the room temperature should never fall below 12° C. Otherwise, the plant will discard its leaves or show growth disorders. When watering, the more warm the plant winters, the more watering is done. Here are just a bit of tact and the observation of the plant in demand.

multiply

The propagation of the chestnut wine takes place via so-called eye cuttings. For this purpose, the shoot is cut off just above the shoot and under one eye. This shoot, in turn, is placed directly in soil, where it is already rooted after about three weeks. An alternative is to use side shoots that are not too long for propagation. These are placed in a peat-sand mixture. Practically, a sequence proves to be beaten over the pot to keep the evaporation low. In this way, the eyes drive much faster. Also in this way, rapid rooting takes place. Cuttings can also be rooted in a glass of water. It is important that cuttings have at least two leaves and should be about 20 cm long before they are suitable for propagation.

Diseases and pests

The plant is very robust, displays its nutrient deficiency with pale leaves. If only weak shoots are formed, the temperatures for hibernation are too high. Too low humidity makes the plant susceptible to spider mites - especially in wintry dry heating air. Very rarely the plant is attacked by aphids.

frequently asked Questions

  • What is the uncomplicated chestnut wine sensitive to? - Too dry locations leaves the leaves flabby and yellow and ultimately fall off.
  • What does the chestnut wine take as an uncomplicated plant? - To dry air the plant answers with flaccid, yellow and finally falling leaves. Fertilization is evident in yellowish shoot tips. Occasional mealybug infestation requires tweezers treatment, which requires removal of individual lice. Spider mites can settle in drafts. These can be fought but with slight infestation with a commercial pest control. Only with heavy infestation a disposal of the plant is necessary.
  • Is the chestnut wine suitable for people with less green thumbs? - Anyone who takes into account the few claims of the plant, even with little experience in plant care can host a lush plant.

Worth knowing soon

Location

  • The chestnut wine needs a lot of space. He likes a very bright, but not too sunny place in or near a window.
  • If necessary, the plant also comes out with a half-shady spot. Bright sun is to be avoided.
  • Also important is a strong trellis, where the wine can wind along.
  • Young shoots are sensitive. They break off slightly, so care is needed, e.g. when connecting and implementing.
  • Temperatures should be around 18 to 20 ˚C all year round.
  • He has no problem with higher temperatures in summer and lower temperatures in winter.

plant substrate

  • Apart from a suitable plant substrate and a sufficiently large planter is important.
  • Who has enough space and can grow the chestnut wine, should use a 20 cm large bucket.
  • He then has to be repotted every year. After a few years, it will be enough to repot every three years.
  • As planting substrate is unit earth or a Torfkultursubstrat.

Pouring and fertilizing

  • It is poured with stale, lukewarm water. In spring and summer, when the wine grows, plenty must be poured.
  • It is thoroughly watered, but the top layer of earth is allowed to dry thoroughly until the next watering.
  • For its strong growth, the wine needs plenty of nutrients. That's why we fertilize weekly from March to the end of August.
  • If you do not want the chestnut wine to grow too much, you should only use half of the proposed amount of fertilizer.
  • When plant leaves in the spring it likes the plant, if it is sprayed now and then.

overwinter

  • The chestnut wine likes it even in winter quite warm.
  • Temperatures should not drop below 12 ˚C, otherwise leaves may fall off.
  • It has to be cast according to the motto: the warmer the plant winters, the more it has to be watered.
  • The lower the temperatures, the less water is needed. Fertilization takes place every three weeks.

To cut

Actually, the only way to cut is to stem growth or when the plant literally grows over your head and needs to be trimmed. One can do that at any time and also vigorously.

multiply

Chestnut wine can be propagated by eye cuttings. For this one cuts a shoot close over and close under an eye, a leaf approach. This one puts in earth. After three weeks, the cuttings should be rooted. But you can also just take side shoots that should not be too long. These are put into a peat-sand mixture. Helpful is a foil that you beat around the pot, so that no water can evaporate. That's how your eyes go faster.Even roots form in a few weeks. Cuttings can also rooted in a water glass.

Diseases and pests

  • Pale leaves indicate a lack of nutrients. If only weak shoots are formed, the temperatures during hibernation are too high.
  • If the air humidity is too low, spider mites show up, especially in winter, with dry heating air.
  • Otherwise, aphids occasionally occur.

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