Chilean Araucaria - cultivation and care of Andean fir

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Andean fir - jewelery fir - Araucaria araucana

The Chilean Araucaria is an evergreen tree that can grow in its home between 30 and 50 meters in height and thereby forms trunk diameter up to 2 meters. An araucaria needs a lot of time to do this, as it grows very slowly, which does no harm insofar as the impressive tree can grow up to 2,000 years old.

Wonderful Araucaria

Your leisurely growth could show the araucaria in this world for a very long time. Fossil finds from Araucaria relatives have been estimated to be up to 90 million years old, making the Araucariaceae family one of the oldest tree families in the world. The Chilean Arakarie forms up to 14 centimeters thick bark, which allows it even after a volcanic eruption undisturbed growth - this bark makes up to 25% of the stem volume.

Location and care of a Chilean Araucaria

The Chilean Araucaria has its home in the Chilean Andes, where a region is named after her. In this region, the evergreen Araukarie grows at altitudes 600-1700 meters. The temperatures are between a maximum of -15 and +30 degrees.
The Chilean Araucaria was introduced to Europe some 200 years ago, where it thrives in a climate as mild as its native land. In northwestern Europe, it is hardy only in the milder areas, on the British Isles enriched z. B. with its exotic appearance many park landscapes. In the warmest locations of Germany, z. B. in the Botanical Garden in Karlsruhe, she feels comfortable outdoors.
If you live in such a mild area, you can plant your Chilean Araucaria in the garden. Then it needs well-drained, but nutrient-rich soil, good experiences were made with a mixture of humus, loamy soil and sand. The location should provide the highest possible humidity and be sunny to partially shaded.
  • It is important that you prevent any drying out of your Araucaria. So if you want to plant it in very heavy soil, you should first put a layer of gravel of at least 20 cm into the planting hole before the araucaria is planted.
  • If the Chilean Araucaria is exposed to the sun at all times during certain seasons, a fleece or net on the crown will prevent dehydration. If you think that is exaggerated, you should be aware that brown needles are almost always caused by dryness in an araucaria, and rarely by frost damage.
  • Who does not live in such a warm area, should rather keep the Chilean Araucaria in the bucket. Again, it needs a substrate with the qualities described above, again, you must pay attention to constant moisture in the ground and in the air.
  • In the bucket, the Araucaria is naturally frost-prone, so it should better winter free from frost in the house, in a bright room at about 5 degrees.
In the summer season, the Araucaria needs plenty of water, they should get about once a month some conifer fertilizer or be supplied via a slow-release fertilizer with nutrients. During overwintering, the araucaria is less watered, it should just get so much water that the root ball does not dry out.

Buy Chilean Araucaria

Because it is growing so slowly, buying a Chilean Araucaria of some size is not a cheap price. An Araukarie, which is 90 to 100 cm high, costs around 300, - Euro, it is delivered in the 30-liter planter. It is z. B. offered by the company flora tuscany from 89278 Nersingen,
If you want to grow your own araucaria from seed, you will get this z. B. at fesaja-shipping from 37318 Schönhagen,, a pack of 5 seeds costs just under 5, - Euro.

Own cultivation of seeds

The seeds are added with the tip down (with the lighter part) up to half in the seed soil, are suitable Kokohum or a mixture of commercially cultivated soil and one-third sand or perlite or vermiculite. The well-functioning planter is then moistened, covered and then migrated for three to four weeks in the cold, it should be 5 degrees, whether refrigerator or garden shed.
The Araucaria needs the biologically known as stratification cold stimulus to be stimulated to germination. Because the seeds fall after their maturity at the mother plant in the seed dormancy (dormancy), which should prevent the seed from germinating on the mother plant. Many seed types then need a cold spell before they overcome the dormancy, otherwise they would germinate before winter, so at a very unfavorable time. Stratification artificially replaces winter.
When the cold season is over, the planters are placed in a sunny to partially shaded area with a temperature between 15 and 20 degrees (optimal should be 18 degrees). They must now be kept constantly moist, but the earth must never get dripping wet.After 3 to 4 weeks, seedlings should show up, they are separated as soon as they are easy to catch. After transplanting into the final pot, all you have to do is make sure the araucaria gets enough water.
If you cultivate an Araucaria, you also do something to preserve biodiversity: The Chilean Araucaria is threatened with extinction by unchecked felling, it is under international protection of species.

Video Board: Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle trees - Conguillio - Chile.

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