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Who says white plants look boring? At least not the Chinese flower dogwood. He is even a feast for the eyes.
The Chinese flower dogwood (Cornus kousa var. Chinensis) belongs to the species of Asian flower dogwood (Cornus kuosa) in the genus Dogwood (Cornus). It is an upright-growing shrub native of mainland China and Taiwan, and used primarily as a garden and park plant in Europe. Its characteristic features are a lush splendor of small white flowers and red fruits reminiscent of raspberries. These are peeled edible, but tasteless from uninteresting to unpleasant.
Flowers and fruits
The flowers of the Chinese flower dogwood grow as four-leaf, radförmige Kopf. They are usually bright white, but can also assume a slightly greenish or yellowish color. The rather long flowering period between the end of May and the end of June makes the shrub a real eye-catcher. However, it can take a few years for the flowers to fully unfold in a new location.
A second visual highlight is the Chinese flower dogwood in September and October, with its red, raspberry-like fruits that sit like pearls on the branches of the bush. They are not toxic, but not recommended in terms of flavor. However, those who would like to have more birds in their garden can hardly find a more suitable lure than these fruits.
The Chinese flower dogwood are among the summer green plants. The oval leaves have a smooth border and grow opposite. They reach a length of about 11 centimeters and a width of about 4 centimeters. In summer, the foliage assumes a strong dark green color, which turns into a soft red in the fall.
The slow-growing shrubs are characterized by a straight, upright habit. They reach a height of 6 to 7 meters and can be 6 to 10 meters wide. The lower branches grow more horizontal and stately, the upper branches rather upright. The bark is from gray to brown color and peels off easily.
Chinese flower dogwoods prefer sunny to partially shaded locations and thrive best as solitary plants on open land. Within the first five years at the site, it is still possible to replant the predominantly flat-rooting shrubs.
The soil at the site should be more humus- or peat-containing than loamy or clay-rich. If there are no good soil conditions, you can use a gravel drainage system in the root area to help prevent waterlogging. In addition, it is advisable to distribute a layer of mulch around the shrub once a year. If this is not possible or desired, the Chinese flower dogwood must be fertilized regularly on loamy soil.
Actually, the Chinese flower dogwood does not have to be cut. Sometimes a cut is necessary. For example, when the flower's dogwood has become too big or it displaces other plants. Then just light the shrub after flowering. You should not make a radical cut of the shoots.