The Content Of The Article:
The lantern flower is found in many gardens, here it captivates the view, especially with their bright orange-red sepals. The also under the name Physalis well-known plant is an ornamental plant in our latitudes, even if the berries sitting in the red flowers look similar to the edible physalis.
Lantern flowers are planted primarily for ornament in the garden. Cut branches are often arranged in dry arrangements or in bouquets. Worldwide, more than 90 varieties are known in the Physalis family, in Europe, the lantion flower is the most represented. She belongs to the family of Physalis alkekengi and is also called:
- Winter cherry
- Jews cherry
Cultivation of the lantern flower
The lantern flower can be made from seeds that are found in the berries, or by buying a serving of seeds in stores. Even in the early year of February, the cultivation in the room can be made. If they are taken from seeds of the fruit, the plants will bloom in the first year and then already bear fruit. The outdoor planting should definitely take place after the 15th of May, the so-called icy saint. If frost is still to be expected at this time, wait a bit longer.
- Lantern flowers form streamers.
- They multiply quickly.
- The flowers come in July / September.
- The fruits ripen in October.
Depending on the variety, the first flowers already appear in May, which may look either yellow or red. From these flowers later the actual fruit is created, which is initially hidden in the brightly colored sepals. When these sepals slowly become paler and eventually brown, the fruit is ripe inside and can be harvested. It is very vitamin C-containing and accordingly sour. Here, however, should be paid to the variety, not all fruits are edible.
The lantern flower looks very nice in a garden bed, where she can also take over the main role. Its colorful fruits or the fruit covers make it an eye-catcher, depending on the variety, the berries sitting in it can also be consumed. In late summer or autumn, this flower looks particularly beautiful to asters and other autumn flowering. Tip: The berries of the lantern flower "Physalis peruviana (Andean berry)" are edible.
Suitable location for lantern flowers
Lantern flowers are a beautiful ornament for the autumnal garden. Their bright red or orange calyxes are a delightful contrast to an otherwise uniform green garden in late summer or fall. It looks especially beautiful between the other autumn flowering chrysanthemums, asters or grasses. The right location for the lantern flower is a sunny spot. When planting the growth size should be considered, half of this width is the planting distance to other flowers. The soil for the lantern flower should be moderately moist, it can tolerate an acidic, calcareous or lean soil.
Tip: The lantern flower is ideal for a wild garden, here it may sprout.
Alternatively, the lantern flower can also be kept as a container plant. If the bucket is big enough, the flower gets enough nutrients and water. Even as a container plant, it needs no fertilizer, because this would also increase the leaf growth and would reset the fruiting. As a container plant, the lantern flower needs more attention because of sufficient irrigation. If the lantern flower is in a dry soil, it can form very well and herbaceous. If the soil is very nutritious, it will produce fewer fruits and more leaves.
Care of the lantern flower
When the lantern flower is planted, a mulch layer should not be forgotten in addition to the right location and a well-regulated water balance. In contrast, fertilizer inputs are not absolutely necessary. As a result, only the leaf growth is stimulated, but the fruits are left out. If the plants become too large and bulky, the shoots through which they multiply should be tapped with the spade. Cutting the foothills produces many new seedlings!
Tip: Add lime and loosen up in the spring soil around the lantern flower. If you want to give the lantern flower fertilizer, which is particularly the case when it is in the bucket, a rhododendron fertilizer can be used. Fertilizer also ensures that the leaves are particularly colorful in the fall.
Wintering of the lantern flower
For the wintering of the Physalis no special precautions need to be taken. Since the flower remains alive through rhizomes - the roots under the earth - winter can not harm them. The above-ground plant parts can be cut back either in autumn or in spring. The plant drives out of the rhizomes again and then forms again a new bush. As the rhizomes continue to multiply as foothills, a lantern flower quickly becomes a second or a third. Tip: The pruning creates beautiful branches for decoration.
Toxicity of the physalis
Most lantern flowers are placed in the garden by the neighbor to neighbor. Here it is never clear which variety of lantern flower is. Therefore, it should not be assumed that the flower contains edible fruits, even if they look very similar to the physalis from the supermarket. Especially if children live in the household, it should be ensured that they do not touch the flower and above all eat the fruits in the lanterns.
Worth knowing about the lantern flower soon
- The lantern flower belongs to the nightshade family. They are popular perennials, as they decorate the garden in autumn and winter with their bright orange lanterns.
- She likes to plant in wild corners of the garden, as she proliferates very strong. So that she does not shoot at all severity, you should let root locks into the ground.
- In small gardens you can also - in order not to have to do without them completely - also plant in Maurer buckets and dig the bucket up to the upper edge in the soil. So the lantern flower stays in one place.
- Unlike the Physalis species known as Andean berry, the lantern flower (fruits, like other parts of plants) is poisonous! If you have small children, you might want to forego the plant for starters.
- In early spring, or when the stems have become unsightly, you can cut off the plants near the ground. In the spring, they happily go out again.
- On soil and location, the plant makes little demands. In some calcareous soil, however, it grows and thrives better than in other soils.
- It just grows everywhere, where it finds room to grow. The flowers are white, relatively small and inconspicuous and appear on the plant from May to July.
- The fruit ripeness begins in August / September. This is also the time when the lanterns turn into a strong orange. The lanterns are very suitable for dry bouquets in autumn or for the vase, but without water.
- If you want to banish the lantern flowers from the garden, because they have overgrown everything, so you have to make sure that you remove all root and plant remains and digs out. From the smallest root, the plant again drives willingly again.