The Content Of The Article:
- The propagation through cuttings
- Propagation by seeds
- Advantages and disadvantages of the methods at a glance
The thorn thorn is a popular houseplant. If you want to cultivate more than one, you do not necessarily have to buy one. You can simply multiply the Christ thorn. We present you two possibilities here.
If you already have a thorn of Christ, propagating it could be an exciting challenge. The propagation of cuttings is quite easy to handle and promises to be successful in many cases.
Somewhat more difficult and elaborate is the multiplication by seeds. The seeds can be purchased from specialist retailers or even from existing plants.
The propagation through cuttings
If you have a perennial plant, the cuttings propagation is easy to perform. You can even get a cutted if you cut back the plant because it may have shown itself too vigorous. Cuttings are preferably cut in spring.
" Danger: When cutting the cuttings gloves should be worn. It releases a poisonous plant juice, which can cause skin irritation.
Cut the cuttings about 10 to 15 inches long. Stop the flow of the latex juice by allowing the cuttings to "bleed" for about half an hour in a glass of lukewarm tap water. If no milk juice appears anymore, the interface should dry up. This works best in a sunny and airy location outdoors.
What is needed for the propagation?
- potting soil
- sharp knife
Which substrate should be used?
The ideal substrate is a mixture of cactus clay and sand. The lower leaves are removed and the cuttings inserted a few inches deep into the substrate. So that the cuttings rooted well, a sunny and warm location is preferable. Temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees are ideal.
How to treat the cuttings?
Pouring is moderate. Use room warm rainwater. The location should be bright and warm. The blazing midday sun should be avoided.
How long does the rooting take?
After about a month, first roots have developed.
What happens to the young plants?
If the cuttings are sufficiently rooted, the plants are transplanted into larger plant pots. The substrate can be enriched with compost or horn shavings to provide the plant with a long-term organic fertilizer. The young plants are now sufficiently developed to be further cultivated like adult plants.
- Cutting cuttings, about ten centimeters long
- Remove leaves in the lower part of the shoot
- Put the cutting to "bleed" in warm water for half an hour
- Allow the interface to dry for about 24 hours
- Put the cutting in the substrate
- place bright and warm
- avoid a placid midday sun
- irrigate regularly
- Avoid waterlogging
Propagation by seeds
The multiplication by seeds is a little more elaborate, but can give you the first own small plant of the Christ thorn. Also, the extraction of seeds from existing plants is considered a challenge to try the sowing and with a little luck to attract new seedlings.
What is needed for sowing?
- seed tray
- potting soil
How can the seed be won?
The seeds are found in the flowers of the Christ's thorn. The small brown to black seeds are obtained by picking a faded inflorescence.
Which planters and which earth are used?
The seeds are placed in seedling soil. Instead of a plant pot, planters are preferable. The seeds are only thinly covered with soil. The substrate should be very fine. Sifted earth is best.
Where should the seed bowl be placed?
Germination is accelerated in a light and warm location. Exposure to direct sunlight should be avoided.
" Tip: If the seeds are covered with a pane of glass, you have a mini greenhouse available.
How long does germination take?
The seeds germinate after three to four weeks. The cover is initially left on the tray and only removed when the young plants have reached the height of the glass.
What happens to the young plants?
The young plants have reached a height of about eight to ten centimeters, can be transplanted into pots. The Christdorn is in the growth phase, it requires relatively much liquid and the soil should not dry out. A bright and warm location is maintained. Fertilizer inputs are not required for young plants. A nutrient-rich substrate that has been upgraded with compost or horn shavings adequately covers the needs of the plant in the first year after cultivation.
" Tip: If the seedbed is allowed to dip for a few minutes after sowing, it will accelerate germination and increase the chances of success. The seedbed is only submerged to half height.
Advantages and disadvantages of the methods at a glance
|cuttings||❍ This method is easy to implement.|
❍ The chances of success are comparatively high.
❍ The cuttings are cut quickly and there are no additional costs.
❍ After rooting, self-sustaining young plants develop rapidly.
|❍ Cuttings can only be cut if there is a sufficiently developed plant.|
Gift When cutting cuttings, toxic sap leaves.
Handschuhe Wear gloves during work.
❍ Toddlers and pets should be supervised and must not come in contact with the plant parts.
|seed||❍ The seed can be easily obtained from existing plants.|
❍ The germination time is quite low at about three to four weeks.
❍ You get a whole range of young plants, which can be cultivated individually.
|❍ If you do not have your own plant, you must buy the seed.|
❍ Propagation by sowing succeeds less frequently than the propagation of cuttings.