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Chrysanthemums come from Japan and China, where they are the symbol of autumn. We have a certain All Saints image attached to them: they are associated with colorful foliage, fog, All Saints' Day and cemetery.
And with warm autumn tones: orange brown, copper yellow, bronze and violet. Although there is
Robust but strong-consuming multi-flowered
Whether garden, terrace, balcony or apartment owners - chrysanthemums are suitable for everyone: The robust, perennial, hardy perennials, also known as winter blackberries bring, until the beginning of winter flower magic in the garden. Chrysanthemums are heavy-duty and therefore need sufficient fertilizer. If one notes that the flowers are smaller from year to year, one should divide the perennial, improve the soil with compost and use in other places.
On balconies and terraces chrysanthemums radiate in recent years as bushes and trunks in the bet - and in balcony boxes, bowls and grave decorations, the low, rich flowering flowers as autumnal jewelry their appearance.
Chrysanthemums in the vat train for accuracy: they need even moisture, so they must never dry out - but do not forgive any waterlogging. It is best to always check the earth with your finger before pouring. A place in the partial shade extends the flowering period. Blooming must be cut out immediately to prevent diseases and pest infestation. In the first night frosts, it is sufficient to move the plants close to the wall of the house or, if this is not possible, cover them at least slightly to prevent browning of the flower heads. Cut back after flowering and spend the winter in a cool and bright place; from April into the open air or plant in the bed!
When hibernating pay attention
A word about winter hardy chrysanthemums: This term should be used with some caution. In a chrysanthemum bought in the fall, it is not always possible to bring it well over the winter, because she had not enough time to form a healthy and strong root ball. Smarter is to get them in the spring, because the sooner you plant them in the garden, the better your chances. In addition, they are always - to avoid frost damage - covered with leaves or brushwood. A little trick: Just before hibernation stalks did not cut off - but only in spring - because they provide additional protection against the cold.
From the dried flowers of some chrysanthemum species becomes the insecticide pyrethrum won, which is known to us all from the pest control. If you give a chrysanthemum in China, you want a long life - we want to draw attention to this: "My heart is still free"...
How to plant chrysanthemums correctly?
- Although chrysanthemums are some of the most robust plants that bloom in the fall, they like it bright and sunny. Thus, their future place should meet these criteria and be additionally protected from the wind.
- On the other hand, the soil should be slightly calcareous, clayey and loose so that the chrysanthemums can grow and thrive in the future. Here it does not matter if you plant this plant in a pot or at least freely.
- Furthermore, the soil must imperatively permeable, as this plant does not like waterlogging and it can easily come to rotting the chrysanthemums in this case. Especially in the cold winter months it can otherwise come to the death of the entire plant.
- The sowing of the chrysanthemums should, if possible, take place in the spring. In this case, a plant distance of about 50 to 75 cm is ideal to ensure sufficient space to grow.
Single plant can reach a size of up to one meter and would interfere with each other with closer plant distance. Due to the size of this plant should be sufficiently supported, so that flowers do not bend due to excessive weight.
Pests and diseases of chrysanthemums
Many Chrysanthemum owners are surprised that the plant withers over time. In this situation, this was usually poured too little. The chrysanthemums are among the plant species that require a lot of water, but where increased attention must be paid to waterlogging. The wrong location can cause pests to nest and slowly destroy the plant. These include above all the spider mites, thrips and the white fly. In such a situation, however, it is advisable not to resort directly to chemical agents, but to start an attempt to rinse off the pests in the bathtub.
If chrysanthemums have been attacked outdoors, a showerhead attached to the garden hose will help. White flies, on the other hand, can be fought using glue boards. These are available from specialist retailers and do no damage to the plant itself. Also, fungal diseases can be the cause that the chrysanthemums are no longer comfortable. These infections can be caused if the plants are too dense. Mildew and gray mold are the most common signs that can be remedied by transplanting. Furthermore, the affected parts of the plant must be carefully removed so that the mold can not spread further and does not affect other plants.
All important details at a glance:
- Chrysanthemums like it sunny and windy
- Chrysanthemums need a lot of water
- urgently pay attention to waterlogging
- plant in spring
- Note planting distance of 50-75 cm
- Chrysanthemums should be supported
- Spider mites, thrips and the white fly are pests that can harm the plant
- Fungal diseases are the result of insufficient plant spacing