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- So you can loosen loamy soil
Certainly, many plants like loamy soil. But not all. It's good to know how to improve clay soils.In principle, everyone who has clay soil in their garden can be lucky. Clay-containing soil is an effective nutrient and water reservoir that reduces your effort in watering and fertilizing. However, loamy soils with high clay content can condense so much that no more aeration can be achieved. Lack of oxygen and high humidity often lead to root rot of the plants. In that case you should improve the soil.
If and how much you need to improve your loamy soil depends not least on the plants you want to grow in the garden. For example, most fruit trees thrive excellently in medium clay and clay soils. Many other popular garden plants such as laurel, lilac, funnies and firethorn feel well in clay soil. In other ornamental plants such as rhododendrons in turn a thorough soil improvement for the well-being of the plants is absolutely necessary.
By the way:
A strongly compacted loamy soil can be recognized by the fact that even in a light rain fast standing puddles form.
So you can loosen loamy soil
Tip 1 - incorporate organic material into the soil:
Densified clay soil can be optimized by mixing plenty of organic material in the top soil layer. Ripe compost and shredded material are ideal for this. In addition, you can work coarse sand into the clay soil. This creates cavities that improve the drainage.
Tip 2 - Drainage:
If the densities of the clay soil are very deep, superficial improvements may not be enough. In this case, you can lay a drain or have it laid. Suitable drainage pipes are available in the garden trade and in hardware stores. However, the cost of a large-scale drainage system is very high. You should only bother after prior consultation with a specialist.
Tip 3 - Dig soil vigorously in autumn:
Another way to improve your clay soil is to dig vigorously at the end of the growing season. Water can easily penetrate into the reclaimed soil. As soon as it freezes in winter, the water molecules expand and separate coherent clay chunks. In spring, it is recommended to pour a humus layer. On the one hand, it provides important nutrients and, thanks to the dark color, helps to guide heat into the earth. Loamy soil with largely closed surface remains cold for a very long time in spring and delays plant growth.