The Content Of The Article:
- planting time
- Soil preparation and climbing aid
- Instructions for direct sowing
- Tips about the harvest time
- Recommended string bean varieties
For the cultivation of climbing beans, there is a place in every kitchen garden. Even a simple guide bar or a simple trellis help is enough to ensure that the traditional runner beans reach an impressive height of between two and four meters within a few weeks and produce a rich crop on a small area. These instructions will familiarize you with all measures for a productive cultivation, peppered with field-proven advice on location, sowing, planting time, care and harvest. So that you can discover your favorite in the varied offer, our list introduces you to the best varieties of runner beans for the home garden.
LocationClimbing beans belong to the sunbathers and love warm temperatures. From a good soil, the vegetables especially want a moderate nutrient content. An excess of nitrogen promotes infestation with diseases and affects the taste. This is the ideal location for runner beans:
- Sunny and warm
- Humos, profound and easy
- Fresh-damp to moderately dry, without danger of waterlogging
- Gladly sandy-loamy with medium nutrient content
- Dense, encrusted and clay soil is unsuitable
planting timeFrom the warm, sunny climate of Central America, the garden bean found its way into our gardens. As a result of this origin, the tropical climber is sensitive to cold and thrives in Central Europe only one year old. Therefore, the time window for sowing or planting opens at the earliest in mid-May. In regions with a harsh climate, ideally wait until the beginning of June, when the risk of sheep's cold is over. So that the seeds germinate or young plants grow, the soil temperature should be at least 12 degrees Celsius. The optimum for germination and growth is 25 degrees Celsius.
Soil preparation and climbing aid
- Dig up the beetle at the beginning of May and rake several times
- Remove old roots, thick clods and stones
- Distribute tire compost or horn chips and work in a superficial way
- Smooth with a rake until a fine crumbly substrate is formed
Tip: By preferring climbing beans on the windowsill and planting mid / end of May, you will provide the young plants with optimized starting conditions and benefit from a premature harvest. Yogurt cups act as a seed tube so that the seeds quickly germinate at 20 to 25 degrees Celsius in the partially shaded spot and thrive quickly.
Instructions for direct sowingHave the ice saints adopted in mid-May, the starting signal for the direct sowing of climbing seed beans. In order to improve the germ susceptibility and to strengthen the resistance to mold, the seeds are allowed to bathe in chamomile tea for 4 to 6 hours. Then place 6 seeds around a climbing pole. In sandy soil, the sowing depth is 3 cm, whereas in loamy soil 2 cm planting depth is recommended.
In this way, you take into account the high oxygen demand for germination. With a wooden stick, you simply drill the small planting holes. Press the substrate with your hands to make a good ground connection. Then you shower the seedbed with water.To protect against pecking birds and the cunning bean fly, spread a tight mesh.
Tip: By planting savory and tagetes at the feet of runner beans, the imposing climbers receive natural protection against fungal infections and aphids.
- Water poles regularly and pervasively
- If dry, place the water hose in the bed and let it run for 10 to 15 minutes
- In addition, the soil overflow every 4 weeks with a mix of nettle and Beinwelljauche
- Weekly soil the soil from a stature height of 15 cm
- Weeding continuously throughout the crop period
Tip: Do not be tempted by ripe runner beans for raw consumption. The pods and seeds contain toxic lectins that cause unpleasant symptoms of intoxication, such as nausea and vomiting. By cooking the beans, the toxins are dissolved and the consumption is harmless.
Tips about the harvest timeClimbing beans are ripe for harvest if you can break through the pods smoothly. In addition, the cores must not yet peek through the shell. To check the harvest, please wait for a dry day. Moist beans should not be touched as they are extremely susceptible to fungal infections in this condition. How to correctly harvest:
- Best Harvest Appointment is a sunny morning when the morning dew has dried
- Repeated picking increases harvest yield
- Grasp a ripe bean with one hand and pinch the stem with your thumbnail
Alternatively, allow the pods to ripen to harvest as dried beans to benefit from longer shelf life. It should be remembered that this approach is at the expense of a higher total income. The plant invests its energy in the existing fruits and neglects the growth of new flowers and beans.
Recommended string bean varieties
The popular variety delights with delicate, 28 cm long green pods, where no threads affect the enjoyment. An advantage is the long harvest time, which extends from August to well into October. Of particular interest to the home gardener is likely to be the proven resistance to the dreaded bean mosaic virus.
The counterpart to the Neckar queen brings color to the kitchen garden with gold-yellow pods. From August to October, the high yielding variety brings you aromatic, fleshy runner beans without ceasing. Incidentally, market gardeners swear by Neckargold to offer them harvest-fresh at weekly markets.
Black-grained climbing beans have the reputation of being more robust against diseases and pests. Cobra also convinces with a reliable germination, which has to fight some white-grained variety. These benefits result in an extra early harvest that begins at the end of July and lasts until October.
This innovative strain has everything we could ask for from a good barley bean. Rapid growth, high yield, reliable resistance and intense, unmistakable bean aroma without annoying threads characterize Blauhilde. The variety owes its name to the deep purple, long pods, which cause a sensation in the bed. In the cooking water, the pods then turn green.
The historic variety 'Berner Landfrauen' was the inspiration for the development of Zebrina, which benefits from the latest scientific knowledge in the cultivation of climbing beans. The green-purple speckled pods are a feast for the eyes and have a seductive bean aroma. In terms of resistance Zebrina trumps her predecessor, because neither leaf spot disease nor bean mosaic virus can cause her problems, if it is grown according to this manual.
If your focus on variety selection is on a particularly fine taste, you will not pass Monte Gusto. Its 25 cm long, narrow pods are pale yellow and provide a rich harvest from July to September. As a waxy bean, this variety can not prevent vital growth, even in less favorable locations or in rainy weather.
Tamara found the way to this variety list, because she is highly valued in professional cultivation. The medium-sized, oval-shaped, green pods are up to 28 cm long and thrive especially in the tendrils. Not only their productivity qualifies them for the premium variety, but also their pronounced resistance to diseases, pests and adverse weather.
For the small home garden or cultivation in the greenhouse, this small-growing climbing bean comes into focus. Since she remains in their height growth at 150 to 200 cm, she gets along well with limited space. The beans grow in small clumps and are 11 to 12 cm long, so they are easy to harvest. In the taste Rakker scores with unmistakable bean flavor without disturbing threads.
Princesse à rames type pearl
For our French neighbors, the noble variety is very popular. A high productivity, paired with countless, 10 to 12 cm short and very tender, green pods make the mouth water at the sight. Since the climbing bean is limited to a height of 150 to 200 cm, it is recommended for the small garden and cultivation in the greenhouse.
Only with majestic runner beans is the planting plan in the vegetable garden complete. Thanks to their modest demands even the inexperienced home gardener manages the cultivation without any problems. For a rich harvest of tasty beans satisfy a sunny location, normal garden soil and some wooden poles as a trellis aid. After direct sowing in mid / late May, the growth of climbing beans is progressing at breathtaking speed. Regular and penetrating watering is the key care measure, complemented by consistent weeding and repeated piling. If the weather is regulated, the time window for the harvest opens from July to October. So that the cultivated runner beans meet exactly your personal taste, this list presents you the best varieties with their manifold advantages.