Climbing plants

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Garden design with climbing plants

Climbing plants are the ideal plants for small gardens, because many species provide an overwhelming abundance of flowers without taking up too much space. They are suitable for the greening of pergolas, rose arches, free-standing rank obelisks and some species grow up with its supporting roots even without climbing help on bare walls. Depending on the purpose you can plant perennial, woody climbing shrubs or pull from seed annual climbing plants such as pea vine or funnel winds.

Annual climbing plants

One-year climbing plants, which stretch several meters in one season, are recommended for short-term planting for one year. The application possibilities for the climbers are manifold: In the bed, they trump on a climbing aid as a striking eye-catcher. For this, smaller species such as sweet pea, black-eyed Susanne and nasturtium offer. Higher annual climbers such as Morning Glory and Maurandie conquer house walls at trellises or form a blooming screen at high fences and walls.
They are also ideally suited for mobile solutions such as racks with scrolls or large pots with rank pyramid and roller coasters. These can be easily put on the terrace in the desired position and used as a flexible screen.

Climbers light shield

Climbing plants enhance visual protection measures or even form them by their growth

The fastest one-year climbing plants, above all, runner bean, ornamental squash, Japanese hops and bell-vine, even climb pergolas and pavilions in one season. There they can serve as placeholders for slower perennial climbers, which are first raised on another support post. An early start is recommended for all year-old climbers. Insensitive species such as Japanese hops and puff pastry can be sown outdoors from April, but then bloom late. You have more success with preferred plants that are available in the garden trade in the spring. The cheap alternative: Pull the climbers themselves out of seed.
Tip: Rank pyramids in pots can be easily made by yourself. First put the preferred plant in the middle of the pot. She should be as deep as before in the culture vessel. Then four long bamboo sticks (at least 120 centimeters) at regular intervals in the pot and tie up together. Different sized rings of young willow branches form additional horizontal climbing aids. These are put on the pyramid with the largest ring in advance and tied.

Perennial climbers

If you want to tackle long-term climber planning, perennial climbers like clematis, honeysuckle or blue-green are the right choice. It makes the small space requirement in the horizontal over other perennial ornamental plants particularly exciting. They are content with a floor space of about 30 x 30 centimeters and conquer from there everything that is suitable for climbing. For striking eye-catching in the bed rank obelisks offer. The metal frames are available in different versions and heights between about 50 and 250 centimeters. Strong-growing climbing stars such as climbing roses and most Clematis unfold their full beauty on the high models.
To successfully use a Rank Obelisk, first place the Obelisk in the bed. Place the plant next to it and direct the shoots to the struts. Mobile eyecatchers become covered obelisks in the pot. Particularly suitable for this are small, absolutely frost-hardy Clematis varieties with long flowering times such as 'Ashva', 'Justa' or 'Mikelite'. First put the plant in the pot and then carefully put the obelisk over it.

Climbing rose at the window

Even in difficult locations, climbing plants often create miracles and enhance the garden enormously

Climbers for sun and shade

Climbers are extremely versatile. They cover a house facade or a tall tree with a decorative flower dress and turn boring screens into vibrant green. Since there are suitable species for all lighting conditions, you do not have to forego this all-round talent in any garden.

Climbing plants for the sun

Climbing roses are among the most popular climbers for sunny places. They are always a welcome decoration on a romantic scroll above the garden gate or on a trellis on the terrace, especially if they smell pleasant.
Classics are the varieties 'New Dawn' in soft pink and 'Ilse Krohn Superior' in white, which have proven themselves for decades. The strong-growing rambler roses like 'Bobbie James' conquer trees with their long, pliable shoots without effort and cover them in the summer with a dress made of flowers.
The fragrant wisteria (Wisteria), a vigorous heat-loving climber from Asia, is an impressive sight. Depending on the species, the snake can grow up to 15 meters high. Its strong, woody shoots definitely need a sturdy climbing aid, such as a wooden pergola, a metal grid or vertical tension cables made of stainless steel, which are mounted on the house facade.
Tip: When buying blue rain, make sure that the plant is a grafted specimen, because only these are blooming lush. On the other hand, blue-seeded plants from seedlings only produce very few flowers.


The blue rain is a fast-growing sunbather and needs a stable climbing aid

The somewhat frost-sensitive Trumpet flower (Campsis radicans) is a magnificent facade in green areas with mild climate, thanks to sticky roots like the ivy without climbing help. From June to early September, the beauty of North America presents its bright orange-red flowers. In order for her to flower abundantly, she should definitely get a full sun.
The colorful ray stylus (Actinidia kolomikta) prefers a sunny and sheltered location, at the same time the soil should be moist. In this kiwi relatives, two to three meters tall, the flowers are not the attraction, but the leaves, which are partly white to pink in color.

Climbers for the part shade

You want flowers in partial shade? With the large family of Clematis you are well served. Depending on the species and variety, the attractive climbers bloom from spring to late summer in a wide range of colors. Unfortunately, the large-flowered clematis hybrids often suffer from the so-called clematis wilt, caused by fungal infestation. Tip: When you buy, make sure that the leaves of the plant look really healthy.
Those who want to further minimize the risk, select varieties of Italian clematis (Clematis viticella), which are hardly affected. Many small-flowered species such as the alpine clematis (Clematis alpina) and the vigorous mountain forest clematis (Clematis montana) are also very robust. All Clematis species require a trellis aid to hold onto with their petioles.

Clematis Viticella Minuet

Clematis viticella 'Minuet' is a small-flowered but richly flowering beauty. She is not affected by the dreaded Clematis wilt

The different species of honeysuckle (Lonicera) feel well in the partial shade. In May, the creamy yellow flowers of the Fragrant Honeysuckle (Lonicera caprifolium) - also known as Jel├Ąngerjelieber - exude their sweet scent. Also, the crimson flowers of the fire honeysuckle (Lonicera heckrottii) delight sniffing noses. While both species are four to five meters high, the evergreen honeysuckle (Lonicera henryi) reaches up to seven meters. It grows and flowers in the shade, but its small yellow flowers are rather inconspicuous. All honeysuckle species enjoy moderately moist to moist soil.
The hops (Hummulus lupulus) strictly speaking belong to the perennials, because its shoots die off in winter. Every spring, the fast-growing Schlinger drives out again and reaches heights of growth up to six meters. So that the hops can shoot so high, it needs a nutrient-rich and damp soil. The decorative large leaves and the cone-like inflorescences make the plants a summery eye catcher on the arches and pergolas. Slightly weaker is the variety 'Aurea' with green-yellow leaves.

Gold Honeysuckle

The gold honeysuckle (Lonicera x tellmaniana) is one of the most beautiful honeysuckle species, but hardly smells

Climbing plants for the shade

The choice of climbing plants for the shade is far lower than that of the sun children, but bare walls do not have to be in low-light garden corners. One of the most attractive climbing plants for the shade is the climbing hydrangea (Hydrangea petiolaris). But she feels well in sufficiently moist soil even in the sun. The woodland climbs up to ten meters high walls and tree trunks with the help of adhesive roots. Its large, plate-like inflorescences are surrounded by a wreath of sterile, white pseudobulbs and appear from June.
On a pergola, the large-leaved whistle (Aristolochia macrophylla) with its leaves of up to 30 centimeters forms a dense roof. Even if you want to hide a high ugly wall, the snake, whose shoots are up to ten feet long, just ideal. However, he needs a stable trellis. Demands on the site, the hardy woody hardly, the soil should be moist and nutrient-rich.
Also undemanding is the wild wine (Parthenocissus quinquefolia var. Engelmannii). His sticky tendrils reach a height of 15 meters. Particularly attractive is the wild wine in the fall, who decorates himself with flaming red foliage and black-blue berry fruits. The most magnificent autumn color, however, he shows in the sun.

Climbing hydrangea

The climbing hydrangea has large creamy white inflorescences and bright yellow leaves in autumn

Ivy is the classic for the shade and hides the wall with its evergreen leaves dress even in winter.It is available in numerous varieties with different leaf shapes and colors, some of which, however, are somewhat sensitive to cold and show frozen shoot tips in frosty frosts.
If you want to green your wall with ivy, you should be sure that you do not change your mind again after a few years: the sticks that climb the walls of the climbing bush can hardly be removed from the wall. In addition, plastered walls must not have wet cracks. Otherwise the plant transforms its anchoring roots into real roots to absorb the supposed water supply, grows into the cracks and can eventually blow up the entire plaster.

Climbers as a screen

Some annual climbing plants are excellent as flowering screens on vine walls or large obelisks - they grow quickly and form a lush leaf mass that barely lets a look through. These include: Starworm (Ipomoea lobata), Morning Glory (Ipomoea tricolor and Ipomoea indica), Pealweed (Cobaea scandens), Common Bean (Phaseolus coccineus), Maurandie (Asarina), Japanese Hops (Humulus scandens) and Ornamental Gourd (Cucurbita pepo).
So that the plants are already big enough in June to fend off unwanted glances, it is advisable to grow in early spring: Put three to five seeds into a sowing pot with potting soil. At 15 to 20 degrees Celsius on a bright window sill or in the greenhouse, the plants germinate quickly. As the first climbing aid, four bars about 50 centimeters long are placed opposite each other in the edge areas of the pot and bound together at the top. From mid-May you can plant the preferred plants outside in the bed or in large pots. They have a clear growth and flowering advantage in front of plants, which are then sown directly outdoors.

The ideal climbing aid

Climbing roses and clematis need additional climbing aids to give the seat an atmospheric frame. On house walls are often drab, windowless places. Climbers can cover these areas after only two or three years. However, before planting self-clusters such as ivy, wild wine and climbing hydrangeas, make sure that the fa├žade is intact so that the adhesive roots do not cause any damage.

Blue rain on house wall

Bl├Ąuregen is a long-term investment and can be brought into great shape with patience and time

Less problematic are all other climbing plants, which are pulled up on wire ropes or trellises with a little distance to the wall. Trees and large shrubs serve as a living trellis aid. Ivy or climbing spindle decorate tree trunks with their decorative foliage. Rambler roses such as 'violet blue' (up to four meters high) and the vigorous mountain clematis (Clematis montana, up to twelve meters) penetrate with their flower decoration into the crowns. Place the plants at a distance of about 50 centimeters to the trunk and guide the shoots on strings upwards.
Attention: Tireless climbers like Wild Wine and Climbing Hydrangea become too powerful in small trees, and Blues Rain can even kill trees in its stranglehold. Therefore, always agree that the climber and the trellis help each other well so that the fast-paced climbers do not over-grow their heads.

Video Board: Top Ten Best Climbing Plants.

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