The Content Of The Article:
The clivia is an evergreen and herbaceous plant that produces decorative, colorful flowers. Some species are considered houseplants, mostly the species Clivia miniata, more rarely the smaller form Clivia nobilis, If the relatively uncomplicated care needs are taken into account, the clivie grows lush and retains its beautiful appearance for years.
- Partly shady, firm location
- Even water supply
- Regular, but economical fertilization
- moderate temperatures
- Rest period from October to January
The clivie originally came from southern Africa, where it thrives on loamy, well-drained soil.
It belongs to the family Amaryllis Family (Amrayllidaceae).
Appearance and growth habit
The perennial ornamental plant Clivia miniata can reach a stature height of about 50 centimeters. It forms rhizomes and an increase can occur vegetatively at a certain age. The sessile leaves of the plant are arranged in two rows. The leaf blades are dark green and sword-shaped.
On the erect inflorescence sit 10 to 20 single flowers in a doldigen flower stem together.
The threefold flowers are hermaphrodite and their bracts have a color from orange to red, while the throat appears yellowish. The Clivia miniata forms round berries, whereby the maturation of inedible fruits can last up to one year.
The clivie prefers a location with temperatures of about 18 degrees. A place on the windowsill with morning and evening sun is necessary because direct sunlight is not tolerated at south windows. The blazing midday sun also has a harmful effect on the plant. At too dark locations, the plant can not produce flowers.
For a lush flowering, a rest period is also necessary. During this rest period, which lasts about two months from autumn, the temperature must be lowered to about 12 degrees. If the temperatures remain at the usual 18 degrees during this time, the plant may not flower in the next year. During flowering, Clivia miniata should not be rotated or moved to another location. Repositioning often results in flower shedding.
In the growing season, the pot bale should always be kept evenly moist.
Waterlogging must be avoided as it can destroy the root system and make the plant susceptible to disease.
During the resting phase, watering is greatly reduced until flower shafts form during the winter. After flower stem formation, the clivia should be watered more frequently.
If the newly formed flower stem has reached a height of about 15 centimeters, it can be fertilized into August at a distance of fourteen days. From September, fertilization should be done only once a month. During the resting phase, the fertilizer must be completely adjusted.
Bloomed should be removed before starting the resting phase. The flower stem is cut off, the dried stalk can be easily removed. A repot is ideally after blooming, but is rarely required. The plant thrives best in narrow vessels, a repotting of the plant is therefore recommended only about every three years. During the transformation, the old soil is gently removed from the rhizome and the plant is then placed in a larger vessel with fresh soil. The root system should be evenly covered with soil. A compost-based soil mix is ideal for Clivia miniata. If the plant forms small fruits after flowering, these should be carefully separated with a knife. If the berries remain on the plant for too long, the flowering of the following period is negatively affected. The clivie should be cleaned at regular intervals with a brush or with a slightly damp cloth from house dust.
Since the generative propagation of Clivia miniata is extremely tedious, the vegetative propagation through the separation of side shoots offers itself. Side shoots form on older plants. If these side shoots are 15 to 20 centimeters in size and begin to form their own root system, they can be separated and planted in a peat mix pot. If roots then appear on the surface, the plant is placed in a larger vessel with compost soil. After about two years, these so-called Kindel Clivie flowers.
Pests and diseases
A pest infestation is rare in the Clivia minita. In most cases, these are lice that nest between the leaves near the rootstock. A soft soap spirit solution, carefully applied with a brush and carefully rinsed with clean water, can help here.Most diseases of Clivia, however, are due to care mistakes. Yellow leaves with brownish spots indicate a too bright location. Brown leaf tips often form when there is too much moisture.
The robust and relatively easy-care Clivie is an ideal indoor plant for semi-shaded locations with moderate temperatures. For a vegetative propagation no special previous knowledge is necessary. If the rest periods are respected, Clivia miniata blooms long and lush. Smaller care mistakes usually survive the plant without serious damage.
A clivie should only be repotted when absolutely necessary, as it does not tolerate repotting. It should therefore be maintained until their roots pervade the entire pot ball, which may take several years. In order to provide the plant with the necessary nutrients during this time, it is regularly given a little fertilizer. Repotting is best done after flowering. At the same time, the lateral shoots of a clivia plant can be cut off in order to grow new plants from them. These should be at least ten inches long, have formed several leaves and roots. After being separated from the mother plant, they are put in pots with potting soil and kept evenly moist.
The clivia needs a rest period in winter, so that it can gather new energy for flowering the following year, because otherwise it may be that the flowering fails next February. For this purpose, the irrigation is reduced from autumn onwards and almost completely adjusted to the winter. From October, it should be placed in a room that has a temperature of around 10° C and is sufficiently bright. There it is poured only occasionally, so that the pot bale does not dry out completely, or sprayed only with water. Fertilization is also stopped during this time. After the winter sprouts usually soon a new flower stem from the plant. If this has grown about 10 to 15 centimeters, the irrigation of the clivia can be slowly increased again. Before it should not be cast, because the flower forms too early otherwise and then stands on a very short stem and is barely visible.