Cockade flower, Gaillardia aristata - care and wintering


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Cockade flower - Gaillardia aristata

Kokardenblume, Gaillardia aristata - care and wintering The Kokardenblume is a fascinating perennial plant of the daisy family, which impresses with its beautiful play of colors. Because yellow, red, orange and brown tones determine the often two-colored flowers, which stretch on strong stems all summer long over the sun. The beautiful native of North America perennial with a stature height of 40 cm will be a real eye-catcher in the garden. It forms in rebates, flower beds and rock gardens a dreamlike ensemble together with the red sun hat, girl's eye, lupine and the graceful fine beam. But it is also ideal as a cut flower for a romantic summer bouquet.

Varieties and species

Kokardenblumen, which are also known as painter's flowers, are considered true permanent bloomers and are characterized by a very special charm. Among the many different varieties include:
  • the Burgundy, which reaches a stature height of 40 - 50 cm and presents itself with strong red flowers
  • the 30 cm yellow leprechaun, which shows all its flowers from July to October
  • the cockade flower Tizzy which unfolds its red flowers in sunny location from June to September and
  • the grateful variety Bremen as a larger representative among the perennial plants with a stature height of 70 cm, which develops fascinating dark scarlet flowers
Other popular varieties include the 15 cm small, red Büble and the variety Sunburst with their predominantly bright yellow flowers and the one- and two-color Lorenziana mixture that reaches a height of 60 cm and has filled flowers.

General care tips

Location and ground

So that the attractive perennial can develop beautiful flowers and flourish magnificently, it should have a garden:
  • preserved sunny position
  • in a nutrient-rich, light, well-drained and humus-rich soil
  • which is permeable but not too moist
  • e.g. sandy loamy soil
  • Sand is incorporated into heavy soils to prevent rot

fertilization

Cockade flower - Gaillardia aristata

Like many garden plants, the colorful cockade flowers feed on dead animal and plant remains that are decomposed in the ground by earthworms or bacteria. However, as the plants usually need more nutrients than the soil can provide, regular fertilization is advisable.
  • with a mineral-organic fertilizer
  • which ideally contains addition of guano
  • recommended amount: 20 to 30 g / m²
  • Liquid storage fertilizer is added to the irrigation water
  • and administered once a week after the first bloom

to water

The attractive daisy family are regularly but moderately and in addition to watering in case of extreme dryness.
However, they do not tolerate waterlogging, so the soil must be well drained so that excess water can run off without problems. If the perennial planted a little raised, this problem can also be prevented.
Tip: Preferably pour in the morning and evening and never in full sun!

Care and pruning

The graceful perennial is extremely floriferous and makes numerous new flowers if they receive adequate care. Therefore, withered inflorescences should be removed immediately. In addition, a strong pruning significantly promotes tillering, causing the plant to assume a bushy, hemispherical growth. If the shoots are cut back about 5 - 10 cm after the main flower radically above the ground, it develops a healthy new shoot depending on the variety and species.
So the perennial comes well over the winter
Many varieties of perennial cockade flowers are winter hardy but not hardy. But to get through the cold season well, some measures should be taken.
  • Pruning at the end of September after flowering
  • so the plant can form a leaf
  • Winter protection by covering with twigs
Tip: After some time, the cocard flowers winter. Therefore, a division is appropriate after one or two years.

planting

Cockade flower - Gaillardia aristata

The replanting and division of the popular perennial is done in the spring and is quite simple and straightforward. If it receives an ideal location and prevails favorable soil conditions before the Kokardenblume grows well and can develop in the same year already a lush flower picture.

sowing

  • End of March to April preferred in cultivation soil
  • germination takes place after 2 weeks at temperatures of 15-18 degrees
  • After sowing about 4 to 6 weeks, the young plants are pikiert
  • and put in pots
  • the planting in the bed can be done after the ice saints
  • at a distance of 25 - 35 cm
From the end of April direct sowing outdoors is also possible.

proliferation

Cockade flowers can grow by self-seeding or by division, which is especially suitable for older plants.For this, only the plant is taken out of the soil, the obsolete stock is separated and the root cuttings are replanted.

Diseases and pests

The beautiful perennials need no extensive but still some care measures so that they are protected against diseases and pests such as aphids, real and downy mildew and foamy cicadas.

aphids

  • a lye mixture consisting of water and detergent
  • which is not poured over the plant, but into the soil
  • Alternatively, a liquid pesticide could be used

froghoppers

These 5 to 10 cm small insects like to infest the herbaceous plants and cause an unsightly deposit on stems and stems with their so-called cuckoo saliva. If cockade flowers are attacked by the foamy cicada, the ejection is sufficient with a hard jet of water. However, it should be noted that the larvae are also removed otherwise cuckoo saliva could form again after a short time.

Genuine and wrong mildew

These are fungal diseases that show up in powdery-white, whitish coating on flowers and stems in powdery mildew. In the case of downy mildew, violet, yellow or brown spots form next to the whitish coating. Both variants can be treated in the following way:
  • Spraying the affected area with chemical or
  • silicic acid agents
  • against downy mildew also helps a brew of onions or garlic
  • Remove affected parts immediately
  • BUT not on the compost, but in the garbage disposal to prevent spreading!

useful information

Cockade flower - Gaillardia aristata

Sowing begins between March and April. It uses moist Aussaaterde in pots and bowls. Do not cover the seed. At 20-25 degrees Celsius is cultivated in a germination box. To germinate, a lot of light is needed. The earth must be moist, but not wet.
If the seedlings are big enough, they are piked into larger pots or bowls. The young plants have to get used to outdoor conditions for about 14 days. After the ice sacs, they are planted at a distance of 30 cm in the garden. Kokardenblumen love humus and nutrient-rich heavy soil, best mixed with sand. They prefer sunny, warm and sheltered locations. From June to October, the cockade flower is enchanted by a sea of ​​flowers. They attract mainly bees and butterflies. If you regularly remove the blooms, new flowers are formed again and again. The plant needs water on a regular basis, but it should not be allowed to get wet. The warmer it is, the better it will bloom. In cool, rainy summers, the pile is usually sparse. Every 3 weeks is fertilized.
Larger plants are tied up. After the end of the flower, the shrubbery is severely cut back... It is supposed to train its new head before the winter. If the cockade flower has spread too much, you should divide it. Even if it is internally verkalte or no longer comes to flower properly, a division makes sense. The best time for this is spring. This can be done well with the spade. Then place the pieces in loose, compost enriched soil. If you do not remove the flowered inflorescences immediately, the cockade flower sometimes reproduces itself through self-sowing.
Cockade flowers are not long lasting. Often they do not survive the winter. Therefore, the plant needs protection from brushwood in the cold season. However, it rots very easily under a foliage and peat layer.
Particularly suitable is this perennial for rockeries and discounts. It can be combined well with Braunelle, Ehrenpreis, Goldenrod, Indian Nettle, Lupine, Girl's Eye, Prairie Mallow and Sage.
Cockroach flowers are almost never attacked by snails. However, they are not resistant to aphids, foamy cicadas and powdery mildew.
Conclusion
The cockade flower is a perennial that needs little care and is therefore ideal for hobby gardeners. If it is regularly poured, fertilized and the withered stems and leaves are removed, it will thank you with a magnificent abundance of flowers. The winter-proof perennial is available in many different species and can be propagated in different ways. With its colorful flowers it enchants in beds and borders so many native garden.

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