The Content Of The Article:
- When does the cockade flower bloom?
- Species and origin
- The ideal location for the cockade flower
- Sowing cockade flowers - That's how it's done
- Planting cockade flowers - explained step by step
- Water cockade flowers properly and fertilize
- Should cockade flowers be cut back?
- How can the cockade flower be multiplied?
- Properly hibernate the cockade flowers
- Diseases and pests of the cockade flower
The cockade flower grows very fast and is extremely popular as a garden flower due to its long-lasting florets. Moreover, it is quite easy to maintain.
The natural range of the cockade flower extends from the USA to South America. The plant genus, also known as parrot flowers, belongs to the family of the basket flower family. Through selection and breeding a whole range of different varieties have emerged. The stature heights of this pretty and durable cut flower range from 30 to 70 centimeters. Kokardenblumen come in beds and borders very much to advantage and are ideal as an eye-catcher in a colorful summer bouquet. The cockade flower is also suitable for the tub.
The plant is characterized by langzettliche, ganzrandige leaves and fits perfectly in a prairie garden. The one- or two-colored petals appear between June and September. A common mark of the cup-shaped inflorescences is a central red disc. In the case of single flowers, the colors red and yellow predominate.
When does the cockade flower bloom?
The cockade flower is a summer bloomer. There is a whole range of different varieties available, all of which grow fast and flower consistently between June and October. A sunny location and a looser and nutrient-rich soil provide constant flowering fullness. Remove faded inflorescences regularly, bringing the plant out faster new flower heads.
If you do not remove the withered inflorescences in time, it may happen that the cockade flower is self-feeding.
Species and origin
The original home of the cockade flower is America. Therefore, the plant has hardly any problems with the climatic conditions in our latitudes. In its native homeland, the cockade flower occurs in about 25 different species. In our gardens there are perennial and robust hybrids, which can also be combined very well. The plant, also called the flower of painters, impresses with its extensive biodiversity. Especially popular varieties are, for example:
❍ cockade flower burgundy:
Characteristic of this variety are the strong, deep red flowers. The large-flowered Kokardenblumenart is very well suited for the planting of perennial flowerbeds. Even as a cut flower this variety can impress. The plant grows compact and bushy and can grow up to 70 centimeters in height. The flowering period is between July and September.
❍ Cockadee Leprechaun:
The kokarden flower goblin is one of the most popular species. Between July and October, the red-yellow flower heads show up. With a stature height of about 30 centimeters, the plant is one of the smallest representatives of the cockade flowers. The bushy perennial is satisfied with little space. Due to the low altitude, this variety is a popular rock garden plant. The cut flowers are used in Biedermeier bouquets or are also used as scattered flowers.
❍ cockade flower Tizzy:
The cockade flower Tizzy is characterized by a strong, compact growth habit. Its red flowers show the plant between June and September. The trumpet-shaped tubular flowers appear particularly numerous and evoke in the shades of red, terracotta and yellow an atmospheric sunset. Tizzy is also popular as a container plant.
❍ Kokardenblume Bremen:
With a stature height of about 70 centimeters, the Kokardenblume Bremen is one of the largest representatives of the plant genus. The dark red and particularly showy flowers appear between July and September.
The ideal location for the cockade flower
Direct sowing can take place from the end of April. The soil should be moist. For a quick germination, the seeds need a bright location. The location in the field should be sunny to partially shaded and protected. The darker the plant is, the fewer flowers will show up. Since the stems break very quickly in the wind, the cockade flower should also be protected from the wind. The ideal location is a place close to walls or house walls. This provides plant protection and at the same time facilitates wintering, as the soil on walls is less susceptible to frost.
When planting, you must also pay attention to the soil quality. The plants tolerate no heavy loamy soil. A soil loosening by the introduction of sand can help here. A loose and nutrient-rich soil is the basis for healthy plants and a rich flowering. The soil should always be moist, but waterlogging does not tolerate the plant. Drainage can help improve soil quality.
Incidentally, cockade flowers in the bed harmonize very well with carnations or stinging nettles. On the other hand, you should plant sunflowers at a sufficient distance from the cockade flower.The plants would otherwise extract vital nutrients from the cockade flower. Pay attention to all these conditions, the plants will develop well and impress you already in the planting year with a lush flowering.
Sowing cockade flowers - That's how it's done
❶ Sowing is possible in the house from March. To do this, first fill plant pots with potting soil.
❷ Then put the seeds in the pots and do not cover with soil. At 15 to 18 degrees germination then takes place within two weeks.
❸ Four to six weeks after sowing, you can pique the plants in 6 cm pots. Temperatures between 12 and 15 degrees are then sufficient.
❹ You can plant the flowers after the icy saints. Keep a planting distance of 25 to 35 centimeters.
Planting cockade flowers - explained step by step
The best time to plant cocarde flowers is in mid-May. The best way to do this is as follows:
❶ Select a sunny location.
❷ Loosen heavy soils with sand or compost.
Aus Lift the planting hole about 15 centimeters larger than the perimeter of the perennial.
❹ Keep a distance of about 40 centimeters between the plants.
❺ Carefully place the plant in the planting hole. At the same time protect the roots.
❻ Finally mulch the bed to ensure even moisture.
❼ After planting you must water the plant vigorously. However, be careful, because waterlogging should not occur.
For particularly hard soils, the cockade flowers can receive a small hill as a planting site. This ensures that water can flow away unhindered and waterlogging is avoided. High-growth species of cocard should also have a scaffold for support, so that the stalks do not buckle in rain and wind.
Water cockade flowers properly and fertilize
You should not forget the casting, but it should be done with caution, because waterlogging must be avoided at all costs. Therefore, you must provide for a drainage or choose an elevated location. Never water the cocard flowers in full sunlight. The best watering times are in the morning and in the evening. In case of prolonged drought, watering may be necessary several times a day.
The plant tolerates dryness better than waterlogging. So it's important to find a good middle ground. So that the soil does not dry out, it is advisable to apply a layer of mulch. A well-drained soil also prevents water from accumulating.
In order to convince the cockade flower with rich flowering, plenty of nutrients are needed. If you give a long-term fertilizer in the spring, the plant will be supplied with sufficient nutrients for the following months. Commercially available liquid fertilizers should be added to the irrigation water approximately every two to three weeks. It is best to administer a mineral-organic fertilizer with guano. The recommended amount is 20 to 30 g / m².
Should cockade flowers be cut back?
In order not to slow the flowering perennial in its eagerness, a regular pruning is certainly recommended, because this promotes the flowering. Through the pruning the tillering is stimulated and the plants grow particularly bushy. After flowering, you should cut back the cocard flowers to about a hand's breadth above the ground. Thereafter, the plant can train numerous new shoots and thus make strong for the near winter.
How can the cockade flower be multiplied?
The propagation of the plants is possible without any problem. Larger plants can be easily shared with a spade. This is best done in the spring so that the new plants have enough time over the summer to grow and develop well. The sharing of plants should not be missed, because cockade flowers proliferate very strong and then show up rather lazy.
Even seeds can be used to multiply the plants. For annual varieties it is advisable to keep the seeds and to cultivate new seedlings. It is important to note this:
- Prefer plants in the house from March
- Planting soil should be moist but not wet
- Germination time at room temperature: 10 to 14 days
- From mid-May, the plants can go outdoors
Properly hibernate the cockade flowers
Perennial species are not really robust when it comes to wintering. Many plants lazy under the protective layer very easily. A winter protection from brushwood, foliage or peat is necessary. To prevent a possible rottenness, you can also use garden fleece as winter protection. Do not over-attach the cover to make it possible to create warming air posters underneath.
If you re-cut them completely after flowering, cut the newly formed leaves until spring.
Diseases and pests of the cockade flower
Even though the care required for the cockade flower is rather limited, the plant is not always spared from pests and diseases.Diseases caused by a wet location are favored. Then it can lead to mold and the plants begin to rot. Too much shade will cause the plant to generally retire in its growth power and produce few flowers. Here are the most important pests and diseases at a glance:
Aphids often infest plants of all kinds. The pests are good to look at closer inspection of the plant.
What should I do?
- Spray the plants with a lye soap.
- Pour it with stinging nettle (instructions make stinging nettle).
❍ foam cicadas:
Foamy cicadas are about eight centimeters large insects that prefer to settle on cockade flowers. An infestation is to be recognized by a covering, which stands out on stems and stems of the plant. This secretion is called cuckoo saliva.
What should I do?
- Spray affected plants with a hard jet of water.
- Check the plant regularly for remaining larvae.
If the plant is too moist or too dark, the cockade flower is at risk of being affected by mildew. A distinction is made between real and false mildew. The powdery mildew leaves a whitish, flour-like coating on flowers and stems. In the case of downy mildew, brown or yellow spots are also noticeable.
What should I do?
- Remove affected parts of plants. These do not belong to the compost!
- You should treat downy mildew with garlic sauce (instructions do Knoblauchsud yourself).
- Treat powdery mildew with siliceous substances instead.
- Check the plants regularly for a new case.
- Eventually, a post-treatment is required.