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Kokohum potting soil is an insider tip for plant lovers and is often used for planting and growing. This biologically valuable substrate is commercially available i.d.R. available as blocks or "bricks". Coconut soil - these are dehydrated coconut fibers, a high quality germ-free and peat-free product. How does Kokoshumus come about and what are its most important properties? What should be considered when planting? Is Kokohum fully recommended or only useful for certain plants and seeds? This article answers to these and other questions about Kokohum potting soil.
Kokohum - What is it?
Coconut earth, i. Coconut fibers mixed with a granulate from the binder of these fibers, is a by-product of coconut oil and other products from the coconut. The pulp of coconuts is considered a delicious food and a sugar substitute in many countries. Coconut oil is u.a. used for frying. The hard coconut shells, which used to be burnt because they take several years to compost, are left behind. But coconut fiber proved to be anything but useless, because after a special processing transform into a valuable planting and growing soil. To produce coconut soil, the coconut fibers are sorted into coarse and fine, then shredded, thoroughly rinsed and sterilized. Then the dehydration - the most complete removal of moisture - and the compression into compact briquettes. Of course, there is also loose coconut soil to buy, i. Coconut fibers that were not dehydrated. Tip: There are also handy coconut pots available on the market that will self-dissolve over time. Thus, a delicate plant does not have to be "peeled" out of the too small flowerpot when repotting.
Properties and advantages of Kokohum
Coconut soil has many pluses for hobby gardeners that this substrate v.a. make it suitable for cultivation. Here are the top 3 benefits of Kokohum:
- Peat-free and therefore ecologically valuable. The conventional potting soil contains i.d.R. a high peat content. Although peat loosens the soil, but also contributes to its acidification and thus reduces the soil quality. In addition, the extraction of peat harms the environment, as it peat bogs and destroyed habitats of many animal and plant species. Kokoshumus is environmentally friendly and biodegradable. Coconut soil is not only airy-loose, but also basic.
- Germ-free in a natural way. Thanks to the natural substance lignin, which by the way makes the coconut fiber difficult to compost, the coconut soil is largely germ-free. In addition, it is biologically sterilized during manufacture so that any parasitic eggs or larvae that may be present in the fibers are safely destroyed. Kokohum is thus a healthy neutral cultivation soil, which also does not tend to mold.
- Generous water storage. Coconut fibers can absorb and store considerable amounts of water, but the moisture is slow to return, providing the plants or seeds with the life-giving wetness. For the hobby gardener, this property of coconut earth has the advantage that casting is possible in relatively large distances.
Basically, planting in kokohum potting soil is not a complicated undertaking, but some aspects must be considered for success.
If Kokoshumus is sold in briquettes or so-called bricks, then of course it is first water, then plant. For this purpose, a larger container (for example, a flowerpot or bucket) should be taken, the brick or the Kokohum tabs placed in it and doused with plenty of water. It should be noted on the packaging, how many liters of water per briquette are necessary and how much coconut soil results in a block. Tip: If not the entire substrate was consumed the same, then cover the pot with a foil or fabric, so that no insects in the substrate can lay eggs. Mourning gnats are especially unpleasant!
Fill finished moist soil into a bowl or a large flat flowerpot and make grooves with a stick. Place seeds in the grooves and press or cover with a layer of soil. Alternatively, seeds can be placed in coconut pots, the pots are previously placed in a larger container, filled with potting soil, and moistened. Tip: Coconut tabs are also a practical variant for the cultivation. Simply dampen tabs, swell and put seeds (one or more - depending on the size of the plant, not the seed!) Into it and gently press.
Very important: Distinguish between light and dark germs, also observe cold germs. On the packaging with the seeds there is an indication, whether it is e.g. dark or light germ.While the former must be covered with a layer of soil - on the packaging is also the planting depth, need light germ, as the name suggests light to germinate. These seeds are only gently pressed into the earth, but remain on the surface. Tip: Just ignoring the instructions for cultivation often leads to failure in germination. The fault is less the substrate, but rather the unfavorable conditions for the germinating plantlet,
Always keep substrate moist. Kokohum stores water, but coke also dries out over time. Seeds, however, are very sensitive to dehydration, so a hobby gardener is well advised to daily check the water content and water regularly. By the way, if most of the seeds are not rice, they do not want to float in the water, so pouring "stock" is not a good solution. Tip: In a mini-greenhouse, the "greenhouse effect" creates ideal conditions for germination for most seeds: it is warm and moist.
1. Is Kokohum equally suitable for all seeds?
In principle, all seeds in the coconut soil can easily germinate. Of course, "framework conditions" such as temperature, light, etc., must be observed.
2. Can the coconut soil also be used for mixtures?
Yes, Kokohum loosens up the soil for better root ventilation. By the way, Kokohum is especially recommended for exotics.
3. What is the potting soil, u.a. also Kokoshumus, to protect against insects?
It is worth covering the substrate with a thin layer of sand so that insects can not lay their eggs in the ground.