The Content Of The Article:
- Care - Location
- Pouring and fertilizing
- Cutting & repotting
- Pests and care errors
- variety selection
- Short profile
- Popular varieties
The plant belongs to the mint family. It is perennial and forms velvety, soft, sometimes slightly wavy leaves, which may vary in shape and color. The variety of colors ranges from green, orange, brown and red or can run into each other. Some specimens even have three or more colored leaves. Despite the name and the serrated shape of the leaves, there is no relationship to stinging nettle.
Care - LocationThe stinging nettle is often cultivated as a houseplant or is a one-year, herbaceous guest as an ornamental plant in summer discounts. Heat is well tolerated by the plants.
The lively leaf color is dependent on the light. In the winter months, with less light, the color prevails green. Red and yellow leaves are sparsely formed. Therefore, the stinging nettle looks very strong and colorful, especially in the summer.
The pot plant should get a bright location, without direct sunlight, on the windowsill. At the south window it must be shaded in the summer months necessarily, would be ideal a window to the east. As a balcony or container plant for the garden, it may be planted only after the Eisheiligen, end of May. Cold below 8 degrees is not tolerated.
Pouring and fertilizingThe pot ball should be kept moist throughout, waterlogging or "foot baths" should be avoided. If the plant is too dry, the leaves begin to wither and are thrown off some time later. Water regularly in the summer with lime-free water. In high heat, the leaves may also be sprayed from time to time.
Provide liquid fertilizer every 2 - 3 weeks during the growth phase. From autumn to early spring, the fertilizers are stopped.
Cutting & repottingYoung plants are trimmed regularly from the beginning, so they grow bushy. Older, unsightly or bald shoots are to be removed. At the same time the flowers are broken in the approach. They are not very handsome, they do not smell and they rob the plant of the power it needs to grow leaves.
Young stinging nettles develop quickly and quickly need another pot. So that their roots can develop well, it is therefore safe to resort to a slightly larger plant pot. The best time is after pruning in the spring. The normal potting soil is added to some peat and sand.
multiplyCut out shoots can easily be used as head cuttings with 2 - 3 pairs of leaves in late summer for propagation. For this purpose, the cuttings are placed in a glass filled with water and placed in a shady place near the window
Please do not leave the leaves in the water, because they rot very fast. A small piece of charcoal as an additive prevents the development of pollutants. The bright roots grow quickly after a short time, about 2 - 3 weeks. Now the new stinging nettles can be planted.
Young plants survive the wintertime better than older, unsightly specimens. It is advisable to renew the fast-growing plant in the fall. That's how it's easy to get offspring and beautiful specimens by next spring.
As a "rainbow mixture" is also available in specialty stores. The seed is very fine and is applied only thinly to the seed soil. The soil in the seed bowl is sprayed with a nebulizer and covered with transparent foil. If the first seedlings show up, the foil may be removed. With 2 - 3 leaf pairs they are then to be planted in small pots. The month of March is the best time for sowing.
The cultivation of seeds is somewhat elaborate and due to that, only suitable for lovers.
Pests and care errorsOn the soft, herbaceous leaves aphids feel very well that must be combated.
Also, the red spider is often found, especially if the stinging nettle is kept very warm and low humidity. If the plant is affected, it is rinsed off daily with lukewarm water. To prevent the pots are placed on a coaster, which is filled with water and pebbles.
If the leaf tips or whole leaves turn brown, the stinging nettle gets too little water and it must be poured more often.
variety selectionIn the trade, many varieties of stinging nettle are offered. The selection is always difficult.
Here are some tips:
- The variety 'Walter Turner', mocha brown with light green leaf edges, provides a nice contrast when placed in a dark planter.
- 'Verschaffeltii' is very well suited for planting in borders with its velvet color.
- With ruffled leaves comes the 'Juliet Quatermain' and is a feast for the eyes.
- Exceptional is the spotted or striped 'flame magic'.
- Height 20 - 45cm
- Planting distance 30cm
- Permeable floor
- Sunny to partially shaded location
- Perennial plant, grown here with us once a year
Popular varietiesThe specialized trade offers numerous varieties, which are predominantly available as mixtures and are called Coleus-Blumei hybrids.
Carefree is a dwarf form with oak-like, high-contrast leaves.
Dragon is characterized by broad, sawn leaves, which are tinged red or reddish brown and have a yellow border.
Magic Curls drifts oval leaves that glow crimson, scarlet, dark brown, green or ivory white. It gets about 25-30cm high.
Old Laced produces deeply carved, curly leaves that are silvery, green or lemon yellow on a pink or red background.
Wizard Mixed is a naturally branchy and bushy variety that does not necessarily have to be used to shorten the shoot tips. The foliage presents beautiful bright colors.
Scarlet Poncho shows reddish brown, lemon yellow margined foliage. Because of its hanging growth form, this variety is suitable for window boxes and traffic lights. It reaches a height of up to 30cm.