Colouring cherry Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa' - care & cutting


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Colouring cherry Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa' - care & cutting: cherry

The Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa', also known as the Japanese cherry blossom, belongs to the rose family. The deciduous tree grows slender and upright, which is why the growth form is called "columnar". Although some varieties can reach a stature height of several meters, there are also dwarf varieties, which can be easily cultivated in the bucket.

The site

The beautiful ornamental trees thrive best in a sunny location, but also tolerate a place in the light shade. However, if you want to promote the flowering and fruiting, plant the tree in a full sun. In addition, sufficient distance should be taken into account when planting the tree to the neighboring plants. Ideally, the distance is about 80 to 100 cm.

The substrate

As far as the soil is concerned, the cherry tree is not particularly picky, because it basically gets along well with all soil types. However, the plant is considered deep root, so the soil should not be too compacted. Because with too dense soil, the cherry tree spreads its roots flat, which affects their growth. In general, the tree grows best in a soil that has the following characteristics:
  • permeable
  • nutritious
  • sandy and loamy
  • slightly calcareous
  • pH slightly acidic to alkaline
  • for the culture in the bucket is a mixture of garden soil and peat
  • this is mixed in the ratio of 1: 1

The addition

Prunus tomentosa

The pillared cherries can be grown in the garden or in the tub on the terrace. However, it should be noted that some varieties can reach a stature height of up to several meters. If you still want to cultivate the ornamental plant in the tub, you should definitely have a suitably large container and plenty of space on the balcony or terrace.

Cultivation in the field

If the cherry tree is cultivated in the garden, the suitable place should be found first. Note that despite its columnar growth, the plant needs sufficient space, as it can easily reach a width of up to one meter. Before planting, the root ball should first be sufficiently watered. It is advisable to place the plant in a bucket filled with water for about an hour. Then the tree is planted as follows:
  • Lift planting hole
  • this should be much deeper and wider than the root ball
  • If necessary, loosen the soil
  • For this purpose, coarse sand or small pebbles are mixed in
  • incorporate a mixture of soil and compost
  • Insert root ball
  • as deep as the plant was previously in the pot
  • This can be recognized by the dark discoloration of the root neck
  • the finishing station should be about a hand's breadth above the ground
  • Fill the planting hole with soil
  • water abundantly, literally pamper!
  • and refill soil if necessary
Tip: In order to support the formation and stability of the tree, it is advisable to incorporate a support pile into the soil. This is best used before the plant in the soil and finally tied with a string on the tree.

The culture in the bucket

If you do not have a garden, you do not have to do without the cultivation of this decorative tree. Because the cherry tree can be cultivated with a little skill in the bucket. To ensure that the cherry trees grow optimally in the tub, the right vessel is essential. The pot should be as high as possible and have a capacity of at least 40 liters. Only this ensures that the roots have enough space and can stretch into the depth. If the pot is too big, the plant puts too much energy into the growth of the roots. If it is too small, the roots are narrowed and growth is impaired. Therefore, it is advisable to repot the plant as soon as possible after purchase as follows:
  • form a drainage over the drain hole
  • suitable for this are potsherds or coarse gravel
  • this is important so that the drain hole does not become clogged
  • Fill pot with soil
  • Use plant carefully
  • about as deep as she was in the pot before
  • Add earth and press gently
  • water abundantly
  • pay attention to casting edge, thereby facilitating the subsequent casting
Tip: To ensure that the roots always have enough space over the years, the tree should be repotted every 3 to 5 years.

The care

Prunus subhirtella

The pillared cherries are considered beginner-friendly because they do not require much care. However, the maintenance effort differs depending on the type of cultivation, because the trees in the tub need a little more attention than those in the field.An overview of the professional care you read here:

Fertilize

The cherry tree does not need a lot of nutrients, which is why, especially in the field, fertilising is done only as needed. Usually fertilized with a seasonal fertilizer only after the first bud. When selecting the fertilizer, make sure that it contains as little nitrogen as possible. Because especially from the end of June should be fertilized with a small amount of nitrogen, otherwise growth is promoted at a wrong time. From the end of July, the plants will be prepared for hibernation with a phosphorus and potassium fertilizer. The last time is fertilized around two months before the beginning of winter, which means that the last fertilization takes place in August. In addition, the flower formation can be stimulated with a phosphorus fertilizer, but this is usually not necessary, since the German soils are usually relatively rich in phosphorus.

to water

Generally, after planting, the cherry trees like to keep evenly moist. However, it is important to ensure that they are neither too dry nor too wet. In summer, especially when the leaves are hanging, the trees should be watered in addition. To ensure that the plant is always supplied with sufficient moisture, it is worth mulching or creating a moat around the tree disc. When casting these decorative plants, it is also important to note the following:
  • best to pour in the morning or in the evening
  • then the water does not evaporate so quickly
  • in winter only on frost-free days pour
  • Both calcareous and lime-free water is tolerated
Tip: It is best to cast only when the top layer of earth has dried.

To cut

The pillar cherry should never be pruned too much, otherwise the habit will be lost. The crowning is best done in spring before flowering, as this gives new shoots more room to grow. Once the tree has reached a stature height of about one meter, the annual shaping or pruning can be done. This takes place in the summer immediately after the harvest and is as follows:
  • cut all branches
  • leave about two to three eyes
  • because that's where the fruit wood comes from for the coming year
  • Shorten the idler
  • This prevents the trunk from being corroded from below
  • as vertical as possible and cut on the trunk
  • This will prevent water retention

overwinter

Prunus tomentosa

Although the decorative tree is considered hardy, yet especially in the tub cultivated plants should be protected from frost. For these it is first advisable to provide a protective ground. For this purpose, a plate made of wood or polystyrene has proven to which the vessel is placed. It should also be noted that the roots in the culture in the bucket are surrounded by only a small amount of soil and therefore are only partially protected from frost. Therefore, it is advisable to additionally protect the plants with a fleece or a foil. To make sure that the trees survive the winter, you should also note the following:
  • do not cut in winter
  • only water on frost-free days
  • be sure to remove fallen leaves
  • It could contain frost-resistant fungal spores
  • these could be passed on to the next shoot
Tip: If possible, cultivate the cherry trees cultivated in tubs on a southern wall of the house. This not only promises protection, but also stores the heat and releases it to the plant.

harvest

The fruits of the cherries visually resemble the wild cherries and usually mature in July. In contrast to the known sweet cherries, however, their taste is less sweet and juicy. Although they do not enjoy great popularity among humans, they are often eaten by hungry birds. But not only the fruits are considered edible, because the flowers of this ornamental tree are suitable for consumption. These are often used to refine salads or desserts, but they can also be eaten directly from the tree. As an insider tip, the leaves of the cherry tree, as well as these are edible and are perfect for smoothies or salads thanks to their cherry-like flavor. If you want to taste the leaves of the tree, you should note the following:
  • it is best to pick the leaves shortly after budding
  • Ideally, the middle green are colored and very shiny
  • because then they have a mild taste
  • and the consistency is more pleasant
  • because older leaves are mostly mellow
Conclusion
The cherry tree is considered a particularly easy-care ornamental plant, which is suitable both for cultivation in the garden and for the culture in the bucket. The trees are considered relatively undemanding, but need a full sun as possible site. The fruits of the cherry tree are not so sweet, but you can eat both their flowers and their leaves.Who wants to decorate his garden with the wonderful flowers, is well advised with a Zierenzierkirsche!

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