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Pale fruit is a slim tree with low yield. The harvest is also often referred to as Naschobst. The slender tall tree form is often used as ornament in home and garden. The tree shape takes up little space and can be easily placed in pots. So much earth is not necessary.
Pale fruit - gardener knowledge
Pale fruit differs in two ways:
- a) genetic columnar form: The plants are genetically smaller. This means less cutting effort.
- b) selective and culture-technical columnar form: The columns are being developed by tree nurseries. They are characterized by an early fruiting approach. Similar to boxwood, the shapes of the plant can be individually and decoratively shaped by cutting. These columns require more to significantly more cutting effort, but can also be established as such in the garden or tub.
Planting and care instructions for young pillared fruit
1. Planting young pillared fruit
First remove the pot and loosen the bale by hand. However, make sure that you do not damage the roots. Do not put much lower than the upper edge of the bale. Then pour heavily. Too much moisture is to be avoided. The planting distance should be 60 cm. The roots must never be putrefaction due to excessive moisture.
2. Fertilization of young pillared fruit
In the first four weeks the column fruit should grow. Only after should be fertilized with a commercial fertilizer. This should be done in spring or summer. Better is organic fertilizer in the form of horn shavings or manure. The fertilizer should be incorporated into the plant hole. This will permanently improve the soil structure.
3. Cut the pillared fruit
It definitely pays to cut column fruit from top to bottom on a regular basis. For genetic columnar apples, however, this sectional shape is not suitable. This is necessary so that the buds really exorcise next spring. These can then be used as fruit skewers. If a vigorous shoot develops in summer, it can be stapled up on a thin pole. So a good growth in the desired form is guaranteed. If it grows more than 50 cm in a calendar year, a new cut is necessary. Cut all buds that were driven out below the cut in the spring to 20-40 cm in early summer.
Cutting by eye also helps to maintain the desired shape of the column fruit. The side branch should not be allowed to grow more than 40 cm. Again, eye-sense is important again. It should only be cut by mid-August, everything afterwards is counterproductive. Then the tree wants to start fruit wood on the shoots. A cut would not be appropriate at this time.
Summary for cutting:
- Cut regularly throughout the summer, this is crucial for branching density
- Cherries tend to branch little and like to make fruits on the trunk
- A hard pruning of 3 - 5 times a year is very important for culture-technical columns. This serves for the desired formation of the columnar plant
- A winter incision is only necessary with very few column plants for the desired branching
- The lower branches must always be longer than the upper shoots like a Christmas tree. If this is forgotten, a blockage of the lower branches occurs. The tree would drive up too far up.
Fruit plants are generally quite sensitive. Unless the fruits are identified as robust and resilient, plant protection measures are necessary to prevent pest infestation. For once a pest has settled it is very difficult for it to get over afterwards. A rabbit wire prevents damage by voles. Wildfraß is remedied with a Wildverbissspirale.
Special hints and tips
If already a fruit tree has been standing at a certain place for years, it is not recommended to plant a new plant after the removal. The reasons are quite simple. This is due to the fact that woody plants extract nutrients unilaterally from the soil. If it is unavoidable to place a fruit plant again in the same place, a generous replacement of the soil must take place. Alternatively you can plant the tree a few meters further.However, the bigger the old tree was, the harder it is to plant a new tree in the same place under optimal growing conditions.
Pale fruit is suitable even for the smallest plots. They take up very little space and can easily be kept in containers. Pale fruit requires more or less intensive care. Note these care instructions does not stunt the pillar fruit. Pale fruit is available in very large variety, so there is something for every taste. Pear fruit is also suitable for beginners. However, you should really pay attention to the right care and the right cut, so you have long enjoy the plant.
If the column fruit is used in the soil, the above tips must be observed, so that the plant grows and thrives from the beginning:
- Pale fruit can be planted in pots or as a fruit hedge. Considering some important aspects of care, this is not very difficult but time consuming.
- In order for a pillar fruit to always maintain its slender growth habit, a pruning is required. In this case, longer side branches should be removed on the middle trunk. They should be cut as completely as possible so that no further side branches can form.
- The best time to cut is June, as this is the easiest way to slow growth and allow the tree to pick more flower buds.
- You can do without the fruit tree cut only with some apple varieties, like the Mc Intosh, His slender growth form is anchored in his genes.
- In addition to apples, pears, plums, plums and sweet cherries are offered as pillar fruit. These readings have been refined in tree nurseries on a low growing rootstock.
- When potting you should definitely make sure that the planter is sufficiently large. You should repot the pillared fruit every five years. In the meantime, it is important to refill soil over and over again and to provide the tree with a long-term organic fertilizer.
- Pale fruit in tubs overwinters best in the basement.