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Head lice are absolutely annoying. They are particularly common in children and there, especially in supervised facilities, kindergartens and schools.
Head louse infestation is the most common parasitic infection in childhood, and the most common infectious disease after the onset of cold.
Head lice suck blood. The parasites are transmitted by close head contact. Also, shared pillows, towels, combs and brushes can lead to contagion. The eggs of the head lice are stuck with a secretion close to the scalp to the hair shaft directly above the scalp. After 7 to 8 days the nymphs hatch.
Noticeable are the head lice by a reinforced itching on the head. Scratching the scalp can cause inflammation and even ulcers. The openings are entry ports for pus stimuli. If the wounds are not treated, the regional lymph nodes may swell. The symptoms only appear after 3 to 5 weeks. The afflicted person has infected quite a few other people during this time. In case of a renewed infestation the symptoms appear already after approx. 48 hours.
Only with hair wash you get a head lice problem under control, no matter how often you wash. Nits can not be removed by washing. Even sauna sessions, blow dry or dry hoods do not help and often enough make it even worse.
Nissenkamm - with the Nissen comb you can prove the head lice the safest. Carefully comb your hair over a sheet of white paper. On the paper are then both hair, which stick to Nissen, as well as head lice itself. To eliminate the infestation is a Nissenkamm but not suitable.
Shampooing - Special insecticidal shampoos, gels and even sprays help fight the lice. However, the pests are often resistant to the most common remedies, especially the insecticide pyrethrum derived from chrysanthemums. There is also resistance to the artificially produced substances permethrin and allethin.
Other remedies do not work against the eggs. Therefore, the treatment must be repeated after 8 to 10 days. If this fails, the circulation starts again.
In addition to these control measures you should regularly comb out the hair thoroughly with a Nissenkamm. This helps and you can control whether lice and nits can still be found. One should use a comb with a tine spacing of less than 0.3 mm.
Electronic lice comb - This comb from the USA works with batteries and a voltage between the tines. If touched, the lice are killed immediately. For man, the tension should be harmless and imperceptible. There are no scientific studies on the device yet.
Shave - Who wants to play it safe, can remove all hair, so shave his head. So you get the problem lightning fast in the handle.
All items that come into contact with the head must be washed. These include hats, scarves towels, pillow cases and stuffed animals. All these things should be washed at least 60 ˚C. 10 minutes in the dryer are also sufficient. Everything that can not be washed must be sealed in a sealed plastic bag and left in it for 14 days. Alternatively, you can freeze things for one day at - 15 ˚C. In addition, it is advisable to suck upholstered furniture, carpets, car seats and the like thoroughly.
Many remedies for head lice are freely available in pharmacies. For some, however, a recipe is needed. Some can lead to significant side effects. One should therefore necessarily seek advice!