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Laying Composite Pavement - Types & Prices
In front of the home usually paved subsoil is planned. A solid path must also lead to the garden gate, otherwise every purchase becomes a torment. A durable and repair-friendly option for creating solid ground is a composite pavement.
Composite pavement types
- Composite stone paving is available in different shapes, colors and sizes. It is mainly made of concrete, the paving stones are gladly taken because they can produce a toothing due to their shape, which can withstand high forces, for example, when driving on, without the pavement shifts. The best known shapes are the S-shape, the I-shape and the H-shape as well as all kinds of polygons. In addition to choosing one of the many shapes, you also have to decide if you want to use stones with or without bevel. The chamfer is a slight chamfer of the edge, which facilitates laying, but causes a slightly greater rolling resistance. In addition, when driving on stones with chamfer more noise.
- An idea of the variety of different patches can be found quickly, if you look at some patches from different manufacturers, here sorted by postal code:
- Karl Vogt concrete plant in 32457
Porta Westfalica (betonwerk-vogt.de) has different compound stones with or without gearing, especially for laying in the garden and in three colors. The Gustav Siekmann GmbH & Co. KG in 33739 Bielefeld as a family business produces special design patches and unusual antique patches, siekmann-steinsysteme.com. REDSUN garden products in 47625 Kevelaer offers a variety of classic composite stones among the large selection of design patches, red-sun.de. Rekers concrete plant in 48480 Spelle, rekers-beton.de, offers, among other things, the ecological composite stone, which guarantees an advantageous water drainage.
- Also Kann Baustoffwerke in 56170 Bendorf, kann.de, offer a special compound stone. In the same grid the classic stone, a grass grout and a Sickerfugenpflaster are offered, all three versions can be seamlessly combined. Further composite stones can be found, for example, at Adolf Blatt in 74366 Kirchheim (blatt-beton.de) and Hermann Uhl e. K. in 77746 Schutterwald (uhl.de).
- Which stone you finally choose depends not only on the look, but also on the later use. For heavily loaded areas, for example, other stone sizes are recommended than for pure walkways. Depending on the intended use, you will receive information from the specialist dealer about the appropriate compound stone.
Composite pavement - prices
As rich in variety as the manufacturers' offers are the prices demanded for composite pavements. A plaster with three stone sizes, which are laid in a fixed relationship to each other, is available in gray for around 17, - Euro, in anthracite for a little over 18, - Euro and in Mediterranean red tone for just over 20, - Euro the square meter. A circular pavement with correspondingly small stones for the middle
and large for the outer circular area and the further laying there are around 25, - Euro the square meter, a design plaster with a fine surface structure costs around 33, - Euro per square meter, but depending on the design you can spend even more.
Lay composite paver
- Each plaster first needs a substructure, which usually consists of two layers. First comes a so-called base course, which conventionally consists of compacted ballast. Also possible is a base layer of gravel, which however carries less and is therefore not recommended in busy areas. How thick the base course is planned depends on the usage, for used areas about 20 to 25 cm base course are required. Should the plaster only
be committed, are about 15 cm. The support layer is applied at the desired slope and then has to be compacted thoroughly.
- Then follows an upper leveling layer, it is usually poured from Edelsplitt. It is also possible sand of a grain size up to 8 millimeters, the thickness of this layer should be 5 cm.
- Next you have to decide which material to use as a bed when laying. You can take sand or split, it is also possible to lay in dry mortar or screed. The best choice depends on the usage, the substructure and the stones themselves.
- Now the composite stones can be laid. It's best to start at a fixed point, such as a house wall, to avoid later cutting the stones in this area. If the wall of the house is below the pavement after installation, it must first be protected from moisture with bitumen putty or tar paper, for example.
- Now you apply the laying bed roughly, then each stone is hit individually and under the same high pressure in the plaster bed.This is best done with a not too small metal hammer, it should weigh 2 to 3 kg. How thick you choose the bed depends on the size of the stones. For small stones of 4 to 6 centimeters you plan a 4 centimeter thick bed, larger stones between 14 and 16 centimeters need about 7 centimeters paved bed.
- They move backwards as pavers in the laying bed, whereby you constantly have to check with mason's cord or spirit level that the surface remains even. When the surface is laid, it is inserted and then shaken off with a vibrating plate. You may need to reinsert and shake a second time. If you have laid limestone or sandstone, you should put a rubber apron under the vibrating machine to avoid scratches.
- Large paving stones can be laid as eco-paving that guarantees an environmentally beneficial drainage.
- You can create a paving plan before laying, which, for example, makes it possible to plan the laying of patterns.
- When laying composite paving on concrete, the procedure is slightly different than described above.