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The best location for the compost
The compost can be set up either in a remote garden corner completely inconspicuous or practically directly next to the vegetable garden. It is important that he is not in the full sun, but rather a bit shady. A compost, which is too sunny, dries up quickly, the bunch is inhibited. Ideal is a place under a tree, which filters the sunlight, but still lets the rain through.
Build compost piles - from simple to permanent
Compost heaps can be created in a variety of ways. The easiest way is to layer the garden and kitchen waste in a simple pile. However, this does not look very aesthetic. It is better to put the compost in so-called rents. At the hardware store simple wooden rents are offered at reasonable prices. If you are a gifted craftsman, you can even put them together from a few battens and boards.
Suitable materials for the compost
On the compost pile are given almost all vegetable waste from the garden, also kitchen waste of plant origin, wood residues, bark, straw, wood ash, coffee filters, tea bags, egg shells, cardboard, newspaper, chicken manure, the contents of the rabbit or guinea pig stables, if natural bedding is used. In order to moisturize the compost when necessary, not necessarily fresh tap water must be used. Gray water from the household such as the water from the last wash cycle of the washing machine or the water from the dishwashing does it too.
Other ingredients for the compost - please use only sparingly
Some materials may be on the compost, but not in large quantities. This applies, for example, to the shells of citrus fruits, which are frequently sprayed, as well as purchased cut flowers, which are usually also treated with pesticides. When it comes to food leftovers, the ghosts divorced. In a closed thermo-composter this certainly does not pose a problem, in open compost rents it attracts pests like rats.
Unsuitable for the compost pile
The compost does not include root weeds such as greed and couch grass, as well as seed-bearing weeds. Unless the gardener likes to weed. Also not suitable are diseased plants or plant parts which are associated with fungal diseases such as mildew, blackspot or rust or parts of vegetables that are afflicted with shoot, root and fruit rot pathogens or infected with cabbage hernia. These plants should be better disposed of in the bio-waste bin or household waste. Other unsuitable materials are:
- Wood waste from treated wood
- Cat litter and cat droppings (worm infestation!)
- Plastic, glass and porcelain
- baby diapers
To ensure a rapid rotting, the compost must be sufficiently ventilated. This includes regular shifts. For this purpose, it makes sense to have several compost rentals available. Ideal are three rents: one for freshly prepared compost, one for the recomposed compost and one for the finished compost for direct collection. During the first application, the bottom layer of the composter is filled with coarse material. This ensures good ventilation and ensures that excess water can drain away. Subsequently, coarse and fine materials are filled alternately. If the compost is too moist, powdered stone is sprinkled in; if it is too dry, some cans of water are helpful. The smaller the materials for the compost are, the faster the group progresses. A shredder for coarse clippings and plant parts from the vegetable garden proves to be a good friend of the gardener.
Compost heap - construction manual
- First bring out a layer of branches and twigs. It improves the ventilation and drainage.
- Apply a layer of already well decomposed material to stimulate the rotting process.
- Now the third layer of mixed garden and kitchen waste follows. It should be about 30 cm thick.
- Lay alternately moist (kitchen waste, grass clippings) and dry material (twigs, chaff).
- Water in the event of dryness. As the heap warms, moisture evaporates, affecting the pack.
- Do not put too much grass clippings on the compost at once, but mix it with coarser material.
- Manure, comfrey leaves or stinging nettle between the layers stimulate the rotting process.
- A cover prevents drying out in the heat or wet or wash out of nutrients in the rain.
When composting plant remains are transformed into dark, feinkrümligen humus. In a well placed and mixed compost pile, the temperature in the core initially rises to 50 - 60° C due to the activity of the microorganisms.
The compost is ripe when it is dark brown and feinkrümlig and smells light and pleasant to forest soil. From 10 kg of plant waste results in about 1 kg of compost within 6 - 12 months. Work the compost flat in the garden.It also serves as a soil conditioner and slow-acting fertilizer.