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In each garden there is a place for composting. In limited space compost silos are recommended, which require only 1 - 2 m² floor space.
Space requirement of a composter
In a large garden, it is worth investing in a proper composting area. Choose a corner that is slightly in the background and can be shielded. Partial shade is favorable, so that compost rents or silos are protected from dehydration by sun and wind. Elderberry and hazelnut shrubs are especially suitable as shade donors. But you can also sow a year's protection from sunflowers or runner beans.
The compost approach should not be too tight, you must be able to move there comfortably with a wheelbarrow and with garden tools. Particularly convenient are paved roads leading to this refuse collection point. Then you can unload weeds and kitchen waste even in humid conditions without sinking in the mud. In addition to compost boxes and ground rents, set up a corner for slurry tanks if possible. Then the workplace is well equipped to produce naturally plant food.
This is how compost is made
Whether you put your compost in earth huts or containers does not make a difference. The basic rules remain the same. The beginning is always a rich collection of organic waste. The quick solution for a composter is a compost bin made from five wooden pallets, as found mainly in industry and commerce. So you have already finished walls and the bottom of the container. The two-layered construction of the pallets allows free air circulation on the floor and thus promotes composting. How to build a container:
- Start with the back wall: put two posts on the ground, above it flush with the post ends a long board. Make sure that the board is perpendicular to a post. Then secure, mark drilling position, drill screw holes and screw in screws.
- For the sidewalls, screw a long board on both sides at a right angle to the shorter board. Now bolt two more posts upright as the front posts to the ends of the side walls.
- Now set up the frame and start fixing the remaining boards for the walls. Fix a board over the first board of the back wall so that it projects evenly over the posts at both ends.
- Then set a long board on each side so that it is flush with the board of the back wall. Fix the connection with a screw. Build up the remaining four rows as well, alternately using long and short boards on the back and side panels so that they overlap at the ends.
- When back wall and side walls are done, it goes to the front wall. The construction is stable, screwed flush to the ground a board on the insides of both front posts.
- Position the two posts behind this transverse board so that a groove is created. The distance to the front posts should be about 4 cm. Secure from the outside through the side boards with screws.
- Lay the workpiece on its side and saw all posts flush with the top of the wall boards. You can also saw off the posts before assembly, provided you have calculated the height accurately.
- Finally, slide the remaining boards into the groove on the front. If you fill the container or turn the compost, you can remove the boards as needed.
The base area of a compost rental should be about 1.50 m wide. The length is arbitrary, you can adapt it to the available space and the amount of your waste. Start by layering on a small surface, because it is important that you pile enough organic mass to quickly use a hot rotting. Flat layers do not heat up and therefore only decompose slowly! The underlay must always consist of open, living soil. Only then will the cycles of life remain intact. Excess water can drain off. Useful soil animals can switch to the compost and promote decomposition. In hot summer weeks or in freezing cold winters, earthworms and other soil organisms have the opportunity to retreat into protective, low-lying strata.
Where the soil of the garden consists of earth containing clay, as the lowest layer of the compost pile, roughly cut branches appear, which act as drainage. On sandy soil, a layer of humus, mixed with clay flour, is cheaper. This prevents water and nutrients from being flushed out of the ground too quickly.
At first, spread a loose layer about 20 cm high out of the mixed waste. Then spread a few hands of organic fertilizer and dust a little bit of lime, thin as powdered sugar, over it.In order to stimulate the busy creatures to decompose the waste, one can now add one of the commercially available compost accelerators. The same purpose is fulfilled by a few shovels full of half-ripe compost, if you can already use it. Even with a thin layer of garden soil or with stone dust you can cover the 1st layer. In dry weather, everything is over-sprayed with water or with diluted distillate. In rainy autumn weeks this is not necessary because the material already contains enough moisture.
Now you can build the next layers according to the same pattern, until the compost rental has reached a height of about 1.50 m. Towards the top, the heap should become narrower, so that it finally resembles a low Erdzelt with sloping sidewalls. To protect against cold and too much wetness, the compost now receives a coat of straw, grass clippings, leaves, reed mats or old sacks. So he stays over winter.
Golden rules for good compost
Bacteria, algae, fungi, roundworms, centipedes and earthworms need good living conditions for their important work in the compost pile. These include: oxygen, heat, moisture and food. Oxygen is present if you mix the waste and put it on loosely. Wood pieces provide z. B. for cavities and air circulation. Wet grass, on the other hand, forms densely packed layers without oxygen. Here is rot! Moisture is usually sufficient if you mix in juicy material, such as vegetable waste or fresh weeds.
In dry weeks you have to water the compost. Heat is generated by the action of microorganisms during decomposition. A cover of straw, grass, leaves or old bags protects the compost from cooling down. Nutrients find the useful "employees" in the compost, especially in the fresh, green waste. In addition, if a little organic fertilizer, z. As horn meal or small animal manure is scattered in between, the rotting runs faster. Also a cast nettle can be useful.