The Content Of The Article:
- to water
- Typical care mistakes, pests and diseases
- Frequently asked questions
- Worth knowing soon
The club lily may not have the most beautiful name, but the multicolored tint of its leaves is an attractive eye-catcher. Red, yellow or striped, it brings fresh impetus between the green plants and even an exotic touch with it. Because the Cordyline, as the club lily is also called, originally comes from tropical rainforests and makes it clear. However, due to its origin, it also requires a certain amount of coordinated care.
sortsThe Cordyline is basically divided into two groups, namely in hot house and Kalthaus club lilies. They differ in their demands on location and care, so a clear distinction is important. To the warm house club lilies belong the Cordyline terminalis and the Cordyline fruticosa. Cordyline indivisia and Cordyline australis are the best-known Kalthaus club lilies.
LocationBoth groups of club lilies require a sunny to half shady location. But they should not have to endure the chilly midday sun. Nevertheless, the more colorful the leaves, the brighter the location must be. If the light does not suffice, they lose their decorative tint.
Aside from the brightness, each Cordyline group prefers different site conditions. The hot house varieties are best kept indoors. Here they want a high humidity throughout the year and only small temperature fluctuations around 20° C. Cold-tree varieties are more robust here. They are allowed to stand outdoors from late spring to early autumn and are kept in a cool winter. In addition, they get along well with a normal humidity of 40% to 60% and therefore require less care.
Tip: Warm house club lilies are best kept in the bathroom or kitchen, where the humidity is higher anyway.
substratumThe club lily wants a loose substrate, which is well permeable to water and contains little lime. Well suited is a mixture of special potting soil and coconut fibers. Alternatively, the use in a hydroponic culture is possible.
Tip: For a safe drainage of the water a drainage layer, for example from potsherds or coarse gravel, should be placed on the bottom of the pot.
to waterBecause the club lily comes from tropical rainforests, it has a high water and moisture requirements. The substrate must therefore always be kept moist, but must not be constantly wet. The higher the temperature, the more water is needed. In addition to casting, the Cordyline, at least the representatives of the Warmhaus Group, requires a high level of humidity. If the plant is in the kitchen or bath, spraying is rarely necessary. The situation is different in mostly dry rooms, such as the living room or study. Here in the summer and with warm heating air quiet daily or at least several times a week should be resorted to the spray bottle. For watering and spraying only lime-poor water should be used. Soft, filtered or stale tap water and rainwater are ideal.
FertilizeThe club lily needs regular doses of fertilizer. Again, there is a clear difference between the two groups again. The warmth-loving Cordyline is supplied with liquid fertilizer at intervals of one month throughout the year. The cold house cordyline is much more frugal. She receives fertilizer from March to August, also every four weeks.
The club lily needs no waste, but it does not take offense. However, this only applies if the shortening is not exaggerated.
The Cordyline may therefore be shortened if it occupies too much space. It is cut directly on the trunk. Following the blending, the plant usually drifts branched out, ie in several places. Through targeted interventions, unusual growth forms can be created.
proliferationThe most successful and at the same time simplest possibilities of propagation are the germination of seeds and the rooting of stem cuttings.
For the propagation of lobster lily by seeds, the following procedure is recommended:
- The seeds are soaked in lukewarm water for one day.
- For the cultivation, a mixture of equal parts potted soil and coconut fiber or sand is made.
- The pre-swollen seeds are lightly pressed into the substrate mix and only thinly covered with soil.
- After casting, the planter is covered with transparent foil or a glass sheet to keep the humidity as even as possible.
- The pot is placed in a warm, bright place. For fast and at the same time healthy germination temperatures of about 25° C are necessary.
Tip: To ensure the necessary temperature throughout, the culture in a heated room greenhouse is the ideal solution.
winteringAs already with the location and the care there is also a clear difference between the two groups of the club lily during the hibernation. Representatives of the Warmhaus Cordyline need no special care during the winter and remain at their usual location. Only the dehydrating effect of the heating air should be compensated by giving the plant a spray shower several times a week. Cold-tree species offer a little more freedom here. They can be winterized at normal room temperatures or cool, at about 10° C. In any case, you need a bright location and you must continue to pour. However, the substrate may dry easily between waterings.
Typical care mistakes, pests and diseasesThe most typical care mistakes are a too dark location and too low humidity. If the light is missing, colorful leaves grow green. Green leaves turn yellow. Too low humidity can lead to dried leaf tips on the one hand, on the other hand it makes the club lily more susceptible to pests. Below are:
- Scale insects
- spider mites
Frequently asked questions
- Is the club lily poisonous? - The club lily is not poisonous, but it is not dangerous at all. Since their leaves are sharp-edged and tapered, they present a risk of injury, especially for small children and pets.
- Why does the club lily lose its pattern? - Like the colorful colors, the patterns of the leaves remain on the track if they receive too little sunlight. A change of location brings a quick remedy here.
Worth knowing soon
The club lily is originally from New Zealand. There are about 20 different varieties with partly quite colored leaves. Cordyline australis has green leaves. In their homeland, the plants are a few feet high, in the bucket and remain rather small. Club lilies are not related to lilies or palm trees. Agaves are their closest relatives. The club lilies are as frugal as these, robust and easy-care.
Tip: The plants are ideal for outdoor use, whether for terrace, balcony or patio. They are not frost hardy though.
- The club lily thrives best on a sunny and bright location all year round.
- If you put them outside, but you have to slowly get used to the sun, otherwise it comes to burns.
- Cordyline australis is also satisfied with a partially shaded location, without direct sunlight.
- Especially the club lilies with colored leaves need a lot of light, so that the colors of the leaves can develop.
- The plant substrate should be permeable. You can use normal flower or cactus soil. Important is a good drainage.
- Under the soil one can mix river sand, Perlite or volcanic rock, that the plant substrate is beautiful loose and permeable.
- Repotting is about every 3 to 4 years.
- The plant bales of Cordyline australis should be kept evenly moist. It must not be wet, which leads to root rot.
- Dehydration of the bale between the waterings is already tolerated once or twice, but should not be the rule.
- In the growth phase you pour more abundant, in winter only moderately. The root ball should not dry out.
- It is best to use lime-free water.
- The club lily likes it if it is occasionally sprayed with demineralized water once a week. She loves a high humidity.
- To fertilize one uses a commercial liquid green plant fertilizer, however, only in half concentration.
- Fertilization takes place every 4 weeks in the period from April to September.
- The club lily is best kept bright and wintered at about 5 to 10 ºC. The cooler the plant is, the less you have to water it.
- But you can also spend the winter in the warm living room. But this usually causes a pest infestation.
- Better is a cooler hibernation.
- The club lily gets you for 20 euros in a size of 60 to 80 cm.
- Also the Cordyline australis "Red Star" are available in this price range.
- Specimens that already have a real tall trunk are of course much more expensive.